1 Chronicles 4:19
New International Version
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maakathite.

New Living Translation
Hodiah’s wife was the sister of Naham. One of her sons was the father of Keilah the Garmite, and another was the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

English Standard Version
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Berean Study Bible
The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

King James Bible
And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

New King James Version
The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

NASB 1995
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

NASB 1977
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Amplified Bible
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were: the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Christian Standard Bible
The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite and the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite and the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

American Standard Version
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the sons of the wife of Uriah, the sister of Nakhum, the father of Qayla: Zemri and Eshtmu and Makith and Eshtma and Ashimun.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the sons of the wife of Iduia the sister of Nachaim the father of Keila; Garmi, and Esthaemon the Nochathite.

Contemporary English Version
A man named Hodiah was married to the sister of Naham. Hodiah's descendants included Keilah of the Garmite clan and Eshtemoa of the Maacathite clan.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sons of his wife Odaia the sister of Naham the father of Celia, Garmi, and Esthamo, who was of Machathi.

English Revised Version
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Good News Translation
Hodiah married the sister of Naham. Their descendants founded the clan of Garm, which lived in the town of Keilah, and the clan of Maacath, which lived in the town of Eshtemoa.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham, first settled Keilah of the Garmites and Eshtemoa of the Maacathites.

International Standard Version
The descendants of Hodiah's wife, Naham's sister, fathered Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Literal Standard Version
and sons of the wife of Hodiah sister of Nahom: Abi-Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

NET Bible
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of his Judean wife, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

World English Bible
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Young's Literal Translation
and sons of the wife of Hodiah sister of Nahom: Abi-Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

Additional Translations ...
Context
More Descendants of Judah
18These were the children of Pharaoh’s daughter Bithiah. Mered also took a Judean wife, who gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. 19The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maacathite. 20The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 4:18
These were the children of Pharaoh's daughter Bithiah. Mered also took a Judean wife, who gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.

1 Chronicles 4:20
The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.

Nehemiah 10:10
and their associates: Shebaniah, Hodiah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan,

Nehemiah 10:13
Hodiah, Bani, and Beninu.


Treasury of Scripture

And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

Hodiah.

1 Chronicles 4:18
And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.

Keilah.

Joshua 15:44
And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:

1 Samuel 23:1-13
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors…









(19) And the sons of his wife Hodiah.--The existing Hebrew text says, And the sons of Hodiah's wife. Hodiah recurs as a man's name in Nehemiah 8:7; Nehemiah 9:5; but a very slight change--the addition of three letters--in the Hebrew would give the sense: "And sons of his Jewish wife, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa," &c.

Naham is unknown.

Keilah is a town in the Shephelah (Joshua 15:44), well known as the scene of David's prowess and peril (1 Samuel 23).

Eshtemoa occurred in 1Chronicles 4:17, in connexion with Ishbah, son of Ezra by Bithiah. (See Note there.) The Garmites and Maachathites are unknown clans. The former founded or were settled at Keilah. It appears that abi ("father of") has dropped out of the text before Eshtemoa; the sense being that the Maachathites were settled at Eshtemoa; which, of course, they may have been, side by side with the half-Egyptian clan Ishbah. Maachah is mentioned, 1Chronicles 2:48, as a concubine of Caleb. The list is still dealing with the Calebite division of Hezron.

Verse 19. - The first clause of this verse in the Hebrew is, And the sons of the wife of Hodiah. The margin offers the Jewess again for Hodiah. Nothing is known explanatory of the descriptive word Garmite here. Its meaning, according to Gesenins, is "bony." Eahtomoa is here distinguished from the same-spelt word in ver. 17 by the description the Maachathite, Maachad being a region at the foot of Hermon, bordering on and belonging to Syria.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The sons
וּבְנֵי֙ (ū·ḇə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Hodiah’s
הֽוֹדִיָּ֔ה (hō·w·ḏî·yāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1940: Hodiah -- Hodiah

wife,
אֵ֣שֶׁת (’ê·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

the sister
אֲח֣וֹת (’ă·ḥō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 269: Sister -- a sister

of Naham,
נַ֔חַם (na·ḥam)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5163: Naham -- 'comfort', a man of Judah

[were] the fathers
אֲבִ֥י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1: Father

of Keilah
קְעִילָ֖ה (qə·‘î·lāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7084: Keilah -- a city in Judah

the Garmite
הַגַּרְמִ֑י (hag·gar·mî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1636: Garmite -- 'bony', a name applied to Keilah

and of Eshtemoa
וְאֶשְׁתְּמֹ֖עַ (wə·’eš·tə·mō·a‘)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 851: Eshtemoa -- a man of Judah, also a city in Judah

the Maacathite.
הַמַּעֲכָתִֽי׃ (ham·ma·‘ă·ḵā·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4602: Maacathite -- inhabitant of Maacah


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Eshtemoa Eshtemo'a Fathers Hodiah Hodi'ah Hodijah Keilah Kei'lah Maacathite Maachathite Sister Wife
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 4:19 The sons of the wife of Hodiah (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 4:18
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