2 Samuel 23:33
New International Version
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

New Living Translation
son of Shagee from Harar; Ahiam son of Sharar from Harar;

English Standard Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

Berean Study Bible
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

New American Standard Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

King James Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

Christian Standard Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

International Standard Version
Shammah's son from Harar, Sharar the Hararite's son Ahiam,

NET Bible
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

New Heart English Bible
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sacar the Ararite,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jonathan ( [son of] Shammah the Hararite), Ahiam (son of Sharar the Hararite),

JPS Tanakh 1917
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite;

New American Standard 1977
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Shammah of Harar, Ahiam, the son of Sharar of Harar,

King James 2000 Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

American King James Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

American Standard Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Samnan the Arodite; Amnan the son of Arai the Saraurite.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Semma of Orori, Aliam the son of Sarar the Arorite,

Darby Bible Translation
Shammah the Ararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

English Revised Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite;

Webster's Bible Translation
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

World English Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Young's Literal Translation
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,
Study Bible
David's Mighty Men
32Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan 33son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite, 34Eliphelet son of Ahasbai son of the Maacathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,…
Cross References
2 Samuel 23:11
And after him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines had banded together near a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.

2 Samuel 23:34
Eliphelet son of Ahasbai son of the Maacathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

Treasury of Scripture

Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

Shammah

1 Chronicles 11:27
Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,

Sharar

1 Chronicles 11:35
Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur,

Sacar







Lexicon
son of Shammah
שַׁמָּה֙ (šam·māh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8048: Shammah -- an Edomite, also several Israelites

the Hararite,
הַֽהֲרָרִ֔י (ha·hă·rā·rî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2043: Hararite -- 'mountain dweller', descriptive of two of David's heroes

Ahiam
אֲחִיאָ֥ם (’ă·ḥî·’ām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 279: Ahiam -- 'brother of mother', one of David's men

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Sharar
שָׁרָ֖ר (šā·rār)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8325: Sharar -- father of one of David's heroes

the Hararite,
הָארָרִֽי׃ (hā·rā·rî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2043: Hararite -- 'mountain dweller', descriptive of two of David's heroes
(33) Shammah the Hararite.--"Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite" has already been mentioned in 2Samuel 23:11, and here Chronicles reads "Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite." As Shage is identical with Agee with a letter prefixed, we should probably read "Jonathan the son of Shammah the Hararite." Jonathan, one of "the thirty," was thus the son of one of "the first three."

Sharar is in Chronicles Sacar, and Hararite is spelt in the Hebrew here differently from the previous clause and from Chronicles.

Verse 33. - Shammah the Hararite. He was really one of the first three (see ver. 11). (For the reading in Chronicles, see above.) A very probable correction would be "Jonathan the son of Shammah, the son of Agee the Hararite." Thus both father and son would be in the number of the thirty, Ahiam. He is called "the son of Sacar" in 1 Chronicles 11:35. 23:8-39 David once earnestly longed for the water at the well of Bethlehem. It seems to be an instance of weakness. He was thirsty; with the water of that well he had often refreshed himself when a youth, and it was without due thought that he desired it. Were his valiant men so forward to expose themselves, upon the least hint of their prince's mind, and so eager to please him, and shall not we long to approve ourselves to our Lord Jesus, by ready compliance with his will, as shown us by his word, Spirit, and providence? But David poured out the water as a drink-offering to the Lord. Thus he would cross his own foolish fancy, and punish himself for indulging it, and show that he had sober thoughts to correct his rash ones, and knew how to deny himself. Did David look upon that water as very precious which was got at the hazard of these men's blood, and shall not we much more value those benefits for purchasing which our blessed Saviour shed his blood? Let all beware of neglecting so great salvation.
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Alphabetical: Ahiam Ararite Hararite of Shammah Sharar son the

OT History: 2 Samuel 23:33 Shammah the Hararite Ahiam the son (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Samuel 23:32
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