Exodus 12:37
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.

King James Bible
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

American Standard Version
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the children of Israel set forward from Ramesse to Socoth, being about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.

English Revised Version
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children.

Exodus 12:37 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The very same night Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron, and gave them permission to depart with their people, their children, and their cattle. The statement that Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron is not at variance with Exodus 10:28-29; and there is no necessity to resort to Calvin's explanation, "Pharaoh himself is said to have sent for those whom he urged to depart through the medium of messengers from the palace." The command never to appear in his sight again did not preclude his sending for them under totally different circumstances. The permission to depart was given unconditionally, i.e., without involving an obligation to return. This is evident from the words, "Get you forth from among my people," compared with Exodus 10:8, Exodus 10:24, "Go ye, serve Jehovah," and Exodus 8:25, "Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land." If in addition to this we bear in mind, that although at first, and even after the fourth plague (Exodus 8:27), Moses only asked for a three days' journey to hold a festival, yet Pharaoh suspected that they would depart altogether, and even gave utterance to this suspicion, without being contradicted by Moses (Exodus 8:28, and Exodus 10:10); the words "Get you forth from among my people" cannot mean anything else than "depart altogether." Moreover, in Exodus 11:1 it was foretold to Moses that the result of the last blow would be, that Pharaoh would let them go, or rather drive them away; so that the effect of this blow, as here described, cannot be understood in any other way. And this is really implied in Pharaoh's last words, "Go, and bless me also;" whereas on former occasions he had only asked them to intercede for the removal of the plagues (Exodus 8:8, Exodus 8:28; Exodus 9:28; Exodus 10:17). בּרך, to bless, indicates a final leave-taking, and was equivalent to a request that on their departure they would secure or leave behind the blessing of their God, in order that henceforth no such plague might ever befall him and his people. This view of the words of the king is not at variance either with the expression "as ye have said" in Exodus 12:31, which refers to the words "serve the Lord," or with the same words in Exodus 12:32, for there they refer to the flock and herds, or lastly, with the circumstance that Pharaoh pursued the Israelites after they had gone, with the evident intention of bringing them back by force (Exodus 14:5.), because this resolution is expressly described as a change of mind consequent upon renewed hardening (Exodus 14:4-5).

Exodus 12:37 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the children

Numbers 33:3,5 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month...

Rameses

Exodus 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities...

Genesis 47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land...

six hundred

Exodus 38:26 A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered...

Genesis 12:2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing:

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if you be able to number them...

Genesis 46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of your father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of you a great nation:

Numbers 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

Numbers 11:21 And Moses said, The people, among whom I am, are six hundred thousand footmen; and you have said, I will give them flesh...

Cross References
Genesis 47:11
Then Joseph settled his father and his brothers and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.

Exodus 10:9
Moses said, "We will go with our young and our old. We will go with our sons and daughters and with our flocks and herds, for we must hold a feast to the LORD."

Exodus 13:20
And they moved on from Succoth and encamped at Etham, on the edge of the wilderness.

Exodus 38:26
a beka a head (that is, half a shekel, by the shekel of the sanctuary), for everyone who was listed in the records, from twenty years old and upward, for 603,550 men.

Numbers 1:2
"Take a census of all the congregation of the people of Israel, by clans, by fathers' houses, according to the number of names, every male, head by head.

Numbers 1:46
all those listed were 603,550.

Numbers 2:32
These are the people of Israel as listed by their fathers' houses. All those listed in the camps by their companies were 603,550.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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