Joshua 5:2
New International Version
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, "Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelites again."

New Living Translation
At that time the LORD told Joshua, "Make flint knives and circumcise this second generation of Israelites."

English Standard Version
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, “Make flint knives and circumcise the sons of Israel a second time.”

Berean Study Bible
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, “Make flint knives and circumcise the sons of Israel once again.”

New American Standard Bible
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, "Make for yourself flint knives and circumcise again the sons of Israel the second time."

King James Bible
At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

Christian Standard Bible
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, "Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelite men again."

Contemporary English Version
While Israel was camped at Gilgal, the LORD said, "Joshua, make some flint knives and circumcise the rest of the Israelite men and boys."

Good News Translation
Then the LORD told Joshua, "Make some knives out of flint and circumcise the Israelites."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, "Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelite men again."

International Standard Version
At that time the LORD told Joshua, "Make for yourselves some flint knives and circumcise the Israelis who haven't been circumcised yet."

NET Bible
At that time the LORD told Joshua, "Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelites once again."

New Heart English Bible
At that time, the LORD said to Joshua, "Make flint knives, and sit and circumcise the sons of Israel."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At that time the LORD spoke to Joshua, "Make flint knives, and circumcise the men of Israel."

JPS Tanakh 1917
At that time the LORD said unto Joshua: 'Make thee knives of flint, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.'

New American Standard 1977
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, “Make for yourself flint knives and circumcise again the sons of Israel the second time.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives and circumcise again the sons of Israel the second time.

King James 2000 Bible
At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make you sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

American King James Version
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, Make you sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

American Standard Version
At that time Jehovah said unto Joshua, Make thee knives of flint, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And about this time the Lord said to Joshua, Make thee stone knives of sharp stone, and sit down and circumcise the children of Israel the second time.

Douay-Rheims Bible
At that time the Lord said to Josue: Make thee knives of stone, and circumcise the second time the children of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
At that time Jehovah said to Joshua, Make thee stone-knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

English Revised Version
At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee knives of flint, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

Webster's Bible Translation
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

World English Bible
At that time, Yahweh said to Joshua, "Make flint knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time."

Young's Literal Translation
At that time said Jehovah unto Joshua, 'Make for thee knives of flint, and turn back, circumcise the sons of Israel a second time;'
Study Bible
The Circumcision at Gilgal
1Now when all the Amorite kings west of the Jordan and all the Canaanite kings along the coast heard how the LORD had dried up the waters of the Jordan before the Israelites until they had crossed over, their hearts melted and their spirit failed for fear of the Israelites. 2At that time the LORD said to Joshua, “Make flint knives and circumcise the sons of Israel once again.” 3So Joshua made flint knives and circumcised the sons of Israel at Gibeath-haaraloth.…
Cross References
Exodus 4:25
But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son's foreskin, and touched Moses' feet with it. "Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me," she said.

Joshua 5:3
So Joshua made flint knives and circumcised the sons of Israel at Gibeath-haaraloth.

Treasury of Scripture

At that time the LORD said to Joshua, Make you sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

sharp knife.

circumcise

Genesis 17:10-14
This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised…

Deuteronomy 10:16
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.

Deuteronomy 30:6
And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live.







Lexicon
At that
הַהִ֗יא (ha·hî)
Article | Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

time
בָּעֵ֣ת (bā·‘êṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

the LORD
יְהוָה֙ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

said
אָמַ֤ר (’ā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

Joshua,
יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ (yə·hō·wō·šu·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3091: Joshua -- 'the LORD is salvation', Moses' successor, also the name of a number of Israelites

“Make
עֲשֵׂ֥ה (‘ă·śêh)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

flint
צֻרִ֑ים (ṣu·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

knives
חַֽרְב֣וֹת (ḥar·ḇō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

and circumcise
מֹ֥ל (mōl)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4135: To cut short, curtail, to blunt, to destroy

the sons
בְּנֵֽי־ (bə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

once again.”
וְשׁ֛וּב (wə·šūḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again
THE CIRCUMCISION OF ISRAEL BY JOSHUA (Joshua 5:2-9).

(2) Make thee sharp knives.--Authorities are divided between the rendering "sharp knives" and "knives of flint." The first seems best supported, as far as the meaning of the words is concerned. The expression is "knives of tsurim." The word ts�r does not seem anywhere to be connected with the material of the tool, but rather with the edge of it. Knives of keen edge is, therefore, the better translation. At the same time they may have been stone knives in this instance. The idea that they were so is supported by an addition in the LXX. to Joshua 24:30 : "They put with him (Joshua) into the tomb . . . the knives of stone with which he circumcised the children of Israel . . . and there they are to this day." The ceremony being a kind of special consecration, it is not unlikely to have been performed with special instruments, which were not used before or after. Comp. Psalm 89:43, "Thou hast turned the ts�r (keen edge) of his sword;" 2Samuel 2:16, "Helkath Hazzurim"--i.e., the field of keen blades; Exodus 4:25, "Zipporah took a tzor "; Ezekiel 3:9, "an adamant harder than tzor."

Verse 2. - At that time. Ver. I is introduced in order to explain why Joshua ventured upon the circumcision of the children of Israel at so critical a period. Nothing could more clearly evince the spirit of confidence in Jehovah which animated not only Joshua, but all the children of Israel. We read of no murmurings, although it was well known that the performance of the rite of circumcision would unfit the Israelites for active service for some days. We may imagine, and even the silence of the sacred historian may be deemed eloquent on the point, that the marvellous passage of the Jordan had inspired the Israelites with an eager desire to renew their covenant with the God who "had done so great things for them already." And although, for religious reasons, they remained inactive for four or five days, a course of action from a military point of view highly injudicious, yet such was the terror the passage of the Jordan had struck into the hearts of the Phoenicians that no attack on them was attempted, and the inhabitants of Jericho (Joshua 6:1) remained under the protection of their strong walls. Sharp knives, or knives of stone (צוּר; cf. צֹר Exodus 4:25). The LXX., Vulgate, Syriac, and Arabic versions, as well as the margins of our Bibles, render thus. On the other hand, several of the Rabbis give the same translation as the text of our version. The LXX. translator, following no doubt an ancient tradition, adds after Joshua 24:30, that these knives were buried with Joshua (see note there). The idea which has found great favour lately of a "stone age," as anterior to an "iron age," of the world, will hardly derive support from this passage. That the use of stone preceded the use of iron scarcely admits of a doubt. But from Genesis 4:22 we learn that the use of iron had been known hundreds of years before Joshua, and yet we find him using stone knives. And we may go further. In spite of the advance of civilisation in our own day, there are still millions of human beings who have not advanced beyond the "stone age." The idea, then, of an age in which the universal use of iron has supplanted the universal use of stone is an idea which facts compel us to reject, while admitting that the use of stone must have preceded the use of iron in the infancy of the human race. In these "knives of flint," Origen, Theodoret, and others see an allusion to Christ, the rock. The second time. For "circumcise again the children of Israel the second time," the literal translation is, "return (שׁוּב) to circumcise," or, "return, circumcise" them the second time. This has perplexed the commentators and translators. It has been assumed that the text involves the idea of a former general circumcision of the people, and various are the expedients which have been resorted to in order to avoid the difficulty. Some copies of the LXX. would read שֵׁב for שׁוּב (or יְשֵׁב for וְשׁוּב Rosenmuller), and translate "sit down" i.e., halt), "and circumcise" The Vulgate leaves out the word altogether. The Syriac translates literally. The Arabic reads "tomorrow" for "again." The Rabbi Solomon Jarchi falls back on the expedient of a general circumcision ordered by Moses on the departure of the children of Israel from Egypt, on account of their neglect of that rite while they sojourned there, "Nam jam antea magna multitudo simul erat circumcisa illa nocte qua egrediebantur ex AEgypto." But this is rendered highly improbable by the fact that circumcision was an Egyptian as well as a Hebrew custom, and still more so by the improbability that such an important circumstance should have been passed over in silence. Knobel regards Abraham's circumcision with that of his household as the first time (Genesis 17:23). Perhaps the best explanation is that the word שׁוּב, though it is rightly translated "again" here, and in several other places in Scripture, carries with it the idea of a return into a former condition (kehre zuruck, Knobel). So Genesis 26:18; Genesis 30:31, Hosea 2:11 (Hosea 2:9, in our version). In 2 Kings 1:11, 13 we have the king's return to his former purpose in the second and third mission to Elijah. Thus here the word is used of the bringing back the children of Israel to their former state, that of a people who were in the enjoyment of a visible sign and seal (Romans 4:11) of their being God's covenant people. The meaning therefore would seem to be, "Restore the children of Israel a second time to the position they formerly held, as visibly bound to me, and placed under my protection, by the rite of circumcision." "The person must be in favour ere the work can hope to prosper; his predecessor Moses had like to have been slain for neglect of this sacrament, when he went to call the people out of Egypt; he justly fears his own safety, if now he omit it, when they are brought into Canaan" (Bp. Hall). 5:1-9 How dreadful is their case, who see the wrath of God advancing towards them, without being able to turn it aside, or escape it! Such will be the horrible situation of the wicked; nor can words express the anguish of their feelings, or the greatness of their terror. Oh that they would now take warning, and before it be too late, flee for refuge to lay hold upon that hope set before them in the gospel! God impressed these fears on the Canaanites, and dispirited them. This gave a short rest to the Israelites, and circumcision rolled away the reproach of Egypt. They were hereby owned to be the free-born children of God, having the seal of the covenant. When God glorifies himself in perfecting the salvation of his people, he not only silences all enemies, but rolls back their reproaches upon themselves.
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