New International Version
Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him,
King James Bible
But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.
Darby Bible Translation
but every man's bondman that is bought for money -- let him be circumcised: then shall he eat it.
World English Bible
but every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat of it.
Young's Literal Translation
and any man's servant, the purchase of money, when thou hast circumcised him -- then he doth eat of it;
Exodus 12:44 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
This is the ordinance of the passover - From the last verse of this chapter it appears pretty evident that this, to the 50th verse inclusive, constituted a part of the directions given to Moses relative to the proper observance of the first passover, and should be read conjointly with the preceding account beginning at Exodus 12:21. It may be supposed that these latter parts contain such particular directions as God gave to Moses after he had given those general ones mentioned in the preceding verses, but they seem all to belong to this first passover.
There shall no stranger eat thereof - בן נכר ben nechar, the son of a stranger or foreigner, i.e., one who was not of the genuine Hebrew stock, or one who had not received circumcision; for any circumcised person might eat the passover, as the total exclusion extends only to the uncircumcised, see Exodus 12:48. As there are two sorts of strangers mentioned in the sacred writings; one who was admitted to all the Jewish ordinances, and another who, though he dwelt among the Jews, was not permitted to eat the passover or partake of any of their solemn feasts; it may be necessary to show what was the essential point of distinction through which the one was admitted and the other excluded.
In treatises on the religious customs of the Jews we frequently meet with the term proselyte, from the Greek προσηλυτος, a stranger or foreigner; one who is come from his own people and country to sojourn with another. All who were not descendants of some one of the twelve sons of Jacob, or of Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph, were reputed strangers or proselytes among the Jews. But of those strangers or proselytes there were two kinds, called among them proselytes of the gate, and proselytes of injustice or of the covenant. The former were such as wished to dwell among the Jews, but would not submit to be circumcised; they, however, acknowledged the true God, avoided all idolatry, and observed the seven precepts of Noah, but were not obliged to observe any of the Mosaic institutions. The latter submitted to be circumcised, obliged themselves to observe all the rites and ceremonies of the law, and were in nothing different from the Jews but merely in their having once been heathens. The former, or proselytes of the gate, might not eat the passover or partake of any of the sacred festivals; but the latter, the proselytes of the covenant, had the same rights, spiritual and secular, as the Jews themselves. See Exodus 12:48.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryThe Passover: an Expiation and a Feast, a Memorial and a Prophecy
'And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4. And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Appendix xii. The Baptism of Proselytes
Hope for the Heathen
For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner--those who are not your offspring.
Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant.
But if a priest buys a slave with money, or if slaves are born in his household, they may eat his food.
Jump to PreviousBondman Bought Circumcised Circumcision Eat Money Purchase Purchased Servant Slave Thereof
Jump to NextBondman Bought Circumcised Circumcision Eat Money Purchase Purchased Servant Slave Thereof
LinksExodus 12:44 NIV
Exodus 12:44 NLT
Exodus 12:44 ESV
Exodus 12:44 NASB
Exodus 12:44 KJV
Exodus 12:44 Bible Apps
Exodus 12:44 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 12:44 Chinese Bible
Exodus 12:44 French Bible
Exodus 12:44 German Bible
Exodus 12:44 Commentaries
THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.