New International Version
but a temporary resident or a hired worker may not eat it.
King James Bible
A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.
Darby Bible Translation
A settler and a hired servant shall not eat it.
World English Bible
A foreigner and a hired servant shall not eat of it.
Young's Literal Translation
a settler or hired servant doth not eat of it;
Exodus 12:45 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
A foreigner - תושב toshab, from ישב yashab, to sit down or dwell; one who is a mere sojourner, for the purpose of traffic, merchandise, etc., but who is neither a proselyte of the gate nor of the covenant.
And a hired servant - Who, though he be bought with money, or has indented himself for a certain term to serve a Jew, yet has not become either a proselyte of the gate or of the covenant. None of these shall eat of it, because not circumcised - not brought under the bond of the covenant; and not being under obligation to observe the Mosaic law, had no right to its privileges and blessings. Even under the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, he is the author of eternal salvation only to them who Obey him, Hebrews 5:9; and those who become Christians are chosen to salvation through Sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth, 2 Thessalonians 2:13; for the grace of God, that bringeth salvation to all men, hath appeared, teaching us that, Denying Ungodliness and Worldly Lusts we should live Soberly, Righteously, and Godly, in this present world; Titus 2:11, Titus 2:12. Such persons only walk worthy of the vocation wherewith they are called.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryThe Passover: an Expiation and a Feast, a Memorial and a Prophecy
'And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4. And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Appendix xii. The Baptism of Proselytes
Hope for the Heathen
"'No one outside a priest's family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it.
No one living in Zion will say, "I am ill"; and the sins of those who dwell there will be forgiven.
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