Ephesians 4:8
New International Version
This is why it says: "When he ascended on high, he took many captives and gave gifts to his people."

New Living Translation
That is why the Scriptures say, “When he ascended to the heights, he led a crowd of captives and gave gifts to his people.”

English Standard Version
Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men.”

Berean Study Bible
This is why it says: “When He ascended on high, He led captives away, and gave gifts to men.”

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore it says: "Having ascended on high, He led captive captivity, and gave gifts to men."

New American Standard Bible
Therefore it says, "WHEN HE ASCENDED ON HIGH, HE LED CAPTIVE A HOST OF CAPTIVES, AND HE GAVE GIFTS TO MEN."

King James Bible
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

Christian Standard Bible
For it says: When he ascended on high, he took the captives captive; he gave gifts to people.

Contemporary English Version
As the Scriptures say, "When he went up to the highest place, he led away many prisoners and gave gifts to people."

Good News Translation
As the scripture says, "When he went up to the very heights, he took many captives with him; he gave gifts to people."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For it says: When He ascended on high, He took prisoners into captivity; He gave gifts to people.

International Standard Version
That is why God says, "When he went up to the highest place, he led captives into captivity and gave gifts to people."

NET Bible
Therefore it says, "When he ascended on high he captured captives; he gave gifts to men."

New Heart English Bible
Therefore he says, "When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to people."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Therefore it is said, “He ascended to the heights and took captivity prisoner and he has given gifts to the children of men.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
That's why the Scriptures say: "When he went to the highest place, he took captive those who had captured us and gave gifts to people."

New American Standard 1977
Therefore it says, “WHEN HE ASCENDED ON HIGH, HE LED CAPTIVE A HOST OF CAPTIVES, AND HE GAVE GIFTS TO MEN.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive and gave gifts unto men.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore he says, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

American King James Version
Why he said, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.

American Standard Version
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, And gave gifts unto men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherefore he saith: Ascending on high, he led captivity captive; he gave gifts to men.

Darby Bible Translation
Wherefore he says, Having ascended up on high, he has led captivity captive, and has given gifts to men.

English Revised Version
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, And gave gifts unto men.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.

Weymouth New Testament
For this reason Scripture says: "He re-ascended on high, He led captive a host of captives, and gave gifts to men."

World English Bible
Therefore he says, "When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men."

Young's Literal Translation
wherefore, he saith, 'Having gone up on high he led captive captivity, and gave gifts to men,' --
Study Bible
Unity in the Body
7Now to each one of us grace has been given according to the measure of the gift of Christ. 8This is why it says: “When He ascended on high, He led captives away, and gave gifts to men.” 9What does “He ascended” mean, except that He also descended to the lower parts of the earth?…
Cross References
Judges 5:12
Awake, awake, O Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, O Barak, and take hold of your captives, O son of Abinoam!'

Psalm 68:18
You have ascended on high; You have led captives away. You have received gifts from men, even from the rebellious, that the LORD God may dwell there.

Proverbs 30:4
Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in His hands? Who has bound up the waters in His cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is the name of His Son--surely you know!

Ephesians 4:11
And it was He who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers,

Colossians 2:15
And having disarmed the powers and authorities, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.

Treasury of Scripture

Why he said, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.

When.

Psalm 68:18
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

he led.

Judges 5:12
Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.

Colossians 2:15
And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

captivity.

1 Samuel 30:26
And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;

Esther 2:18
Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.







Lexicon
This is why
διὸ (dio)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1352: Wherefore, on which account, therefore. From dia and hos; through which thing, i.e. Consequently.

it says:
λέγει (legei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

“When He ascended
Ἀναβὰς (Anabas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 305: To go up, mount, ascend; of things: I rise, spring up, come up. From ana and the base of basis; to go up.

on
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

high,
ὕψος (hypsos)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5311: Height, heaven; dignity, eminence. From a derivative of huper; elevation, i.e. altitude, the sky, or dignity.

He led
ᾐχμαλώτευσεν (ēchmalōteusen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 162: To take captive, captivate. From aichmalotos; to capture.

captives away,
αἰχμαλωσίαν (aichmalōsian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 161: Captivity; a captive multitude. From aichmalotos; captivity.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

gave
ἔδωκεν (edōken)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

gifts
δόματα (domata)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1390: A gift, present. From the base of didomi; a present.

to men.”
ἀνθρώποις (anthrōpois)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.
(8) Wherefore he saith.--The reference is to Psalms 68--a psalm which (as the quotation from Numbers 10:35, in the first verse, shows) is a psalm celebrating some moving of the ark, traditionally (and most probably) connected with David's bringing up of the ark (2 Samuel 6) to Mount Zion. The very change from the second person to the third person shows it to be a free quotation; and this is made far more evident by the remarkable variation from the text of the original, which runs, Thou receivedst gifts in man--i.e., probably, "among men;" and adds, "even the rebellious, that the Lord God might dwell among them"--a clause which (from Ephesians 4:29-31) we may suppose to refer to the homage of the heathen to the Lord Jehovah. Now, it has been noted that the word "received" is used constantly for "receiving," or "fetching," for another (Genesis 15:9; Genesis 18:5; Genesis 27:13, et al.); and it appears that the Chaldee Targum actually has here, as a gloss: "Thou hast given gifts to the sons of men," interpreting the words, curiously enough, of Moses as a mediator between God and man. The psalm also was recognised as a Messianic psalm, foreshadowing the dwelling of "God with us" in the universal kingdom of the true Mediator. St. Paul accordingly uses it with a bold variation suiting his context. The key to this use is found in the truth enunciated of our Lord in Acts 2:33, that "being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He hath shed forth this." Our Lord, as the Head of humanity, receives only in order to give. From the means, therefore, the Apostle passes to the end.

He led captivity captive.--The modern use of these words as describing our Lord's triumph over the power of evil, hitherto triumphant over man, and so giving freedom by leading captive the power of captivity, although in itself profoundly true, is not supported by the original, in which it is simply used for "a body of captives." St. Paul's use of it here is probably best interpreted by Colossians 2:15, where it is said of the "principalities and powers"--the powers of sin and death--that "He made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in the cross." (See Note on this passage.)

Verse 8. - Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high he led captivity captive, and received gifts for men. The speaker is God, the author of Scripture, and the place is the sixty-eighth psalm. That psalm is a psalm of triumph, where the placing of the ark on Zion is celebrated as if it had been a great victory. As this quotation shows, the psalm in its deepest sense is Messianic, celebrating the victory of Christ. The substance rather than the words of the passage are given, for the second person ("thou hast ascended," etc.) is changed into the third; and whereas in the psalm it is said, "gave gifts to men," as modified by the apostle it is said, "received gifts for men." As in a literal triumph, the chiefs of the enemy's army are led captive, so the powers of darkness were led captive by Christ (captivity, αἰχμαλωσία, denotes prisoners); and as on occasion of a triumph the spoils of the enemy are made over to the conqueror, who again gives them away among the soldiers and people, so gifts were given to Christ after his triumph to be given by him to his Church. We must not force the analogy too far: the point is simply this - as a conqueror at a triumph gets gifts to distribute, so Christ, on his resurrection and ascension, got the Holy Spirit to bestow on his Church (comp. Ephesians 1:22). 4:7-16 Unto every believer is given some gift of grace, for their mutual help. All is given as seems best to Christ to bestow upon every one. He received for them, that he might give to them, a large measure of gifts and graces; particularly the gift of the Holy Ghost. Not a mere head knowledge, or bare acknowledging Christ to be the Son of God, but such as brings trust and obedience. There is a fulness in Christ, and a measure of that fulness given in the counsel of God to every believer; but we never come to the perfect measure till we come to heaven. God's children are growing, as long as they are in this world; and the Christian's growth tends to the glory of Christ. The more a man finds himself drawn out to improve in his station, and according to his measure, all that he has received, to the spiritual good of others, he may the more certainly believe that he has the grace of sincere love and charity rooted in his heart.
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