Numbers 31:3
New International Version
So Moses said to the people, "Arm some of your men to go to war against the Midianites so that they may carry out the LORD's vengeance on them.

New Living Translation
So Moses said to the people, "Choose some men, and arm them to fight the LORD's war of revenge against Midian.

English Standard Version
So Moses spoke to the people, saying, “Arm men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian to execute the LORD’s vengeance on Midian.

Berean Study Bible
So Moses told the people, “Arm some of your men for war, that they may go against the Midianites and execute the LORD’s vengeance on them.

New American Standard Bible
Moses spoke to the people, saying, "Arm men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian to execute the LORD'S vengeance on Midian.

King James Bible
And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.

Christian Standard Bible
So Moses spoke to the people, "Equip some of your men for war. They will go against Midian to inflict the LORD's vengeance on them.

Contemporary English Version
Then Moses told the people, "The LORD wants to punish the Midianites. So tell our men to prepare for battle.

Good News Translation
So Moses said to the people, "Get ready for war, so that you can attack Midian and punish them for what they did to the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Moses spoke to the people, "Equip some of your men for war. They will go against Midian to inflict the LORD's vengeance on them.

International Standard Version
So Moses instructed the people, "Muster your men of war to attack the Midianites and deliver the LORD'S vengeance against Midian.

NET Bible
So Moses spoke to the people: "Arm men from among you for the war, to attack the Midianites and to execute the LORD's vengeance on Midian.

New Heart English Bible
Moses spoke to the people, saying, "Arm men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute the LORD's vengeance on Midian.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses said to the people, "Some of your men must get ready to go to war against the Midianites. The LORD will use them to get even with Midian.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Moses spoke unto the people, saying: 'Arm ye men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute the LORD'S vengeance on Midian.

New American Standard 1977
And Moses spoke to the people, saying, “Arm men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute the LORD’S vengeance on Midian.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Moses spoke unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war and let them go against the Midianites and carry out the vengeance of the LORD in Midian.

King James 2000 Bible
And Moses spoke unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.

American King James Version
And Moses spoke to the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves to the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.

American Standard Version
And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm ye men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute Jehovah's vengeance on Midian.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Moses spoke to the people, saying, Arm some of you, and set yourselves in array before the Lord against Madian, to inflict vengeance on Madian from the Lord.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Moses forthwith said: Arm of you men to fight, who may take the revenge of the Lord on the Madianites.

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses spoke to the people, saying, Arm from amongst you men for military service, that they go against Midian to execute Jehovah's vengeance upon Midian.

English Revised Version
And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm ye men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute the LORD'S vengeance on Midian.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses spoke to the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves for the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD on Midian.

World English Bible
Moses spoke to the people, saying, "Arm men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute Yahweh's vengeance on Midian.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses speaketh unto the people, saying, 'Be ye armed some of you for the host, and they are against Midian, to put the vengeance of Jehovah on Midian;
Study Bible
Vengeance on Midian
2“Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people.” 3So Moses told the people, “Arm some of your men for war, that they may go against the Midianites and execute the LORD’s vengeance on them. 4Send into battle a thousand men from each tribe of Israel.”…
Cross References
Leviticus 26:25
And I will bring a sword against you to execute the vengeance of the covenant. Though you withdraw into your cities, I will send a pestilence among you, and you will be delivered into the hand of the enemy.

Numbers 31:4
Send into battle a thousand men from each tribe of Israel."

Treasury of Scripture

And Moses spoke to the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves to the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.

arm some

Exodus 17:9-13
And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand…

avenge the Lord.

Numbers 25:11,13
Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy…

Exodus 17:16
For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.

Leviticus 26:25
And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.







Lexicon
So Moses
מֹשֶׁה֙ (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

told
וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר (way·ḏab·bêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

the people,
הָעָ֣ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

“Arm
הֵחָלְצ֧וּ (hê·ḥā·lə·ṣū)
Verb - Nifal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2502: To pull off, to strip, to depart, to deliver, equip, present, strengthen

some of your men
אֲנָשִׁ֖ים (’ă·nā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

for war,
לַצָּבָ֑א (laṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

that they may go
וְיִהְיוּ֙ (wə·yih·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the Midianites
מִדְיָ֔ן (miḏ·yān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4080: Midian -- a son of Abraham and Keturah, also his descendants and the region where they settled

and execute
לָתֵ֥ת (lā·ṯêṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

the LORD’s
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

vengeance
נִקְמַת־ (niq·maṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5360: Avengement

on them.
בְּמִדְיָֽן׃ (bə·miḏ·yān)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4080: Midian -- a son of Abraham and Keturah, also his descendants and the region where they settled
(3) Arm some of yourselves . . . --Better, Arm from among you (or, from those with you) men for the war. The details of the selection are contained in the next verse.

Verse 3. - Avenge the Lord of Midian. God, speaking to Moses, had commanded a war of vengeance; Moses, speaking to the people, is careful to command a war of religious vengeance. In seducing the people of the Lord the Midianites had insulted and injured the majesty of God himself. On the question why Midian only, and not Moab also, was punished see on Numbers 25:17. It is to be remembered that, however hateful the sins of licentiousness and idolatry may be, they have never aroused by themselves the exterminating wrath of God. Midian was smitten because he had deliberately used these sins as weapons wherewith to take the life of Israel. 31:1-6 All who, without commission from God, dare to execute private revenge, and who, from ambition, covetousness, or resentment, wage war and desolate kingdoms, must one day answer for it. But if God, instead of sending an earthquake, a pestilence, or a famine, be pleased to authorize and command any people to avenge his cause, such a commission surely is just and right. The Israelites could show such a commission, though no persons now can do so. Their wars were begun and carried on expressly by Divine direction, and they were enabled to conquer by miracles. Unless it can be proved that the wicked Canaanites did not deserve their doom, objectors only prove their dislike to God, and their love to his enemies. Man makes light of the evil of sin, but God abhors it. This explains the terrible executions of the nations which had filled the measure of their sins.
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Alphabetical: against among and Arm carry execute for from go Lord's may men Midian Midianites Moses of on out people said saying So some spoke that the them they to vengeance war you your

OT Law: Numbers 31:3 Moses spoke to the people saying Arm (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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