Numbers 31:1
New International Version
The LORD said to Moses,

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses,

English Standard Version
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Berean Study Bible
And the LORD said to Moses,

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

King James Bible
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses,

Contemporary English Version
The LORD said to Moses,

Good News Translation
The LORD said to Moses,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses, "

International Standard Version
Later, the LORD told Moses,

NET Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses:

New Heart English Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD said to Moses,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:

New American Standard 1977
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying,

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying,

American King James Version
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

American Standard Version
And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

English Revised Version
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

World English Bible
Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,
Study Bible
Vengeance on Midian
1And the LORD said to Moses, 2“Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people.”…
Cross References
Numbers 22:4
So the Moabites said to the elders of Midian, "This horde will devour everything around us, as an ox licks up the grass of the field." Since Balak son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time,

Numbers 25:17
"Attack the Midianites and strike them dead.

Numbers 30:16
These are the statutes that the LORD commanded Moses concerning relationships between a man and his wife, and between a father and a young daughter still in his home.

Numbers 31:2
"Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people."

Judges 6:1
Again the Israelites did evil in the sight of the LORD; so He handed them over to Midian for seven years,

Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,







Lexicon
And the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

said
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר (way·ḏab·bêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

Moses,
מֹשֶׁ֥ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver
XXXI.

(1) Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites.--The time had now come for the fulfilment of the command which had already been given (see Numbers 25:16-18), after which Moses was to be gathered unto his people, as it had been revealed to him (Numbers 27:13). After Balaam had been dismissed by Balak, he appears to have gone, not to the Moabites, but to the Midianites; and it was in consequence of the counsel which he gave to the Midianites (Numbers 5:16) that the Israelites were reduced into the idolatrous and lascivious worship of Baal Peor. It is possible, also, that the Midianites, as the descendants of Abraham, may have possessed clearer light and greater privileges than the Moabites. They may have had many men as enlightened as Jethro amongst them, and consequently they may have incurred the greater guilt, and rendered themselves obnoxious to the severer punishment of those who, "after they have known the way of righteousness, turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them" (2Peter 2:21). But whether satisfactory reasons can or cannot be assigned why a more exemplary judgment should have been inflicted upon the Midianites than upon the Moabites, who were not left unpunished (see Deuteronomy 23:3-4), those only can maintain that the destruction of the Midianites is inconsistent with the justice or the goodness of God who deny that He has absolute control over the destinies of all the creatures of His hands, and that when it is His pleasure to recall the life which He has bestowed, it is for Him to determine what agents or what instruments it is best to employ.

Verse 1. - The Lord spake unto Moses. The command to "vex the Midianites, and smite them," had been given before (Numbers 25:17), but how long before we cannot tell. Possibly the interval had been purposely allowed in order that the attack when it was made might be sudden and unexpected. From the fact that no resistance would seem to have been made to the Israelitish detachment, and that an enormous amount of plunder was secured, we may probably conclude that the Midianites had thought all danger past. 31:1-6 All who, without commission from God, dare to execute private revenge, and who, from ambition, covetousness, or resentment, wage war and desolate kingdoms, must one day answer for it. But if God, instead of sending an earthquake, a pestilence, or a famine, be pleased to authorize and command any people to avenge his cause, such a commission surely is just and right. The Israelites could show such a commission, though no persons now can do so. Their wars were begun and carried on expressly by Divine direction, and they were enabled to conquer by miracles. Unless it can be proved that the wicked Canaanites did not deserve their doom, objectors only prove their dislike to God, and their love to his enemies. Man makes light of the evil of sin, but God abhors it. This explains the terrible executions of the nations which had filled the measure of their sins.
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