Deuteronomy 21:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and, though they discipline him, will not listen to them,

King James Bible
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them:

American Standard Version
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, that will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man have a stubborn and unruly son, who will not hear the commandments of his father or mother, and being corrected, slighteth obedience:

English Revised Version
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them:

Webster's Bible Translation
If a man shall have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not hearken to them:

Deuteronomy 21:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When the woman was taken home to the house of the man who had loved her, she was to shave her head, and make, i.e., cut, her nails (cf. 2 Samuel 19:25), - both customary signs of purification (on this signification of the cutting of the hair, see Leviticus 14:8 and Numbers 8:7), - as symbols of her passing out of the state of a slave, and of her reception into the fellowship of the covenant nation. This is perfectly obvious in her laying aside her prisoner's clothes. After putting off the signs of captivity, she was to sit (dwell) in the house, and bewail her father and mother for a month, i.e., console herself for her separation from her parents, whom she had lost, that she might be able to forget her people and her father's house (Psalm 45:11), and give herself up henceforth in love to her husband with an undivided heart. The intention of these laws was not to protect the woman against any outbreak of rude passion on the part of the man, but rather to give her time and leisure to loosen herself inwardly from the natural fellowship of her nation and kindred, and to acquire affection towards the fellowship of the people of God, into which she had entered against her will, that her heart might cherish love to the God of Israel, who had given her favour in the eyes of her master, and had taken from her the misery and reproach of slavery. But her master becoming her husband, she entered into the rights of a daughter of Israel, who had been sold by her father to a man to be his wife (Exodus 21:7.). If after this her husband should find no pleasure in her, he was to let her go לנפשׁהּ, i.e., at her free will, and not sell her for money (cf. Exodus 21:8). "Thou shalt not put constraint upon her, because thou hast humbled her." התעמּר, which only occurs again in Deuteronomy 24:7, probably signifies to throw oneself upon a person, to practise violence towards him (cf. Ges. thes. p. 1046).

Deuteronomy 21:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

have a stubborn

Proverbs 28:24 Whoever robs his father or his mother, and said, It is no transgression; the same is the companion of a destroyer.

Proverbs 30:11,17 There is a generation that curses their father, and does not bless their mother...

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD has spoken, I have nourished and brought up children...

obey the voice

Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed be he that sets light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on the land which the LORD your God gives you.

Exodus 21:15,17 And he that smites his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death...

Leviticus 19:3 You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

Leviticus 21:9 And the daughter of any priest, if she profane herself by playing the whore, she profanes her father: she shall be burnt with fire.

Proverbs 15:5 A fool despises his father's instruction: but he that regards reproof is prudent.

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Ezekiel 22:7 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of you have they dealt by oppression with the stranger...

when they

Deuteronomy 8:5 You shall also consider in your heart, that, as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you.

2 Samuel 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men...

Proverbs 13:24 He that spares his rod hates his son: but he that loves him chastens him betimes.

Proverbs 19:18 Chasten your son while there is hope, and let not your soul spare for his crying.

Proverbs 22:15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.

Proverbs 23:13,14 Withhold not correction from the child: for if you beat him with the rod, he shall not die...

Proverbs 29:17 Correct your son, and he shall give you rest; yes, he shall give delight to your soul.

Hebrews 12:9-11 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence...

will not

Isaiah 1:5 Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but they have not grieved; you have consumed them...

Jeremiah 31:18 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke...

Ezekiel 24:13 In your filthiness is lewdness: because I have purged you, and you were not purged...

Amos 4:11,12 I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and you were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning...

Cross References
Ephesians 6:1
Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.

Exodus 20:12
"Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.

Leviticus 19:3
Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 21:19
then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his city at the gate of the place where he lives,

1 Samuel 3:13
And I declare to him that I am about to punish his house forever, for the iniquity that he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God, and he did not restrain them.

Proverbs 1:8
Hear, my son, your father's instruction, and forsake not your mother's teaching,

Jeremiah 5:23
But this people has a stubborn and rebellious heart; they have turned aside and gone away.

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