Job 3:1
New International Version
After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

New Living Translation
At last Job spoke, and he cursed the day of his birth.

English Standard Version
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

Berean Study Bible
After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

New American Standard Bible
Afterward Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

King James Bible
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Christian Standard Bible
After this, Job began to speak and cursed the day he was born.

Contemporary English Version
Finally, Job cursed the day of his birth

Good News Translation
Finally Job broke the silence and cursed the day on which he had been born.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After this, Job began to speak and cursed the day he was born.

International Standard Version
After this, Job spoke up solemnly, cursing the day he was born.

NET Bible
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day he was born.

New Heart English Bible
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After all this, Job [finally] opened his mouth and cursed the day he was born.

JPS Tanakh 1917
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

New American Standard 1977
Afterward Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed his day.

King James 2000 Bible
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

American King James Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

American Standard Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,

Douay-Rheims Bible
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,

Darby Bible Translation
After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed his day.

English Revised Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Webster's Bible Translation
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day.

World English Bible
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed the day of his birth.

Young's Literal Translation
After this hath Job opened his mouth, and revileth his day.
Study Bible
Job Laments His Birth
1After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. 2And this is what he said:…
Cross References
Job 2:13
Then they sat on the ground with him for seven days and seven nights, but no one spoke a word to him because they saw how intense his suffering had become.

Job 3:2
And this is what he said:

Jeremiah 15:10
Woe to me, my mother, that you have borne me, a man of strife and conflict in all the land. I have neither lent nor borrowed, yet everyone curses me.

Treasury of Scripture

After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

After.

Job 1:22
In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.

Job 2:10
But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.

opened.

Job 35:16
Therefore doth Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplieth words without knowledge.

Psalm 39:2,3
I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred…

Psalm 106:33
Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.

cursed.

Job 3:3
Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said, There is a man child conceived.

Job 1:11
But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face.

Job 2:5,9
But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face…

his day.







Lexicon
After
אַחֲרֵי־ (’a·ḥă·rê-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

this,
כֵ֗ן (ḵên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3651: So -- thus

Job
אִיּוֹב֙ (’î·yō·wḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 347: Job -- a patriarch

opened
פָּתַ֤ח (pā·ṯaḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve

his mouth
פִּ֔יהוּ (pî·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to

and cursed
וַיְקַלֵּ֖ל (way·qal·lêl)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7043: To be slight, swift or trifling

the day of his [birth].
יוֹמֽוֹ׃ (yō·w·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day
III.

(1) After this opened Job his mouth.--There is a striking similarity between this chapter and Jeremiah 20:14-18, so much so that one must be borrowed from the other; the question is, which is the original? Is Jeremiah the germ of this? or is this the tree from which a branch has been hewn by Jeremiah? Our own conviction is that Job is the original, inasmuch as this chapter is indispensable to the development of the poem; but in Jeremiah the passage occurs casually as the record of a passing mood of despair. It is, moreover, apparently clear that Jeremiah is quoting Job as he might quote one of the Psalms or any other writing with which he was familiar. He was applying to daily life the well-known expression of a patriarchal experience, whereas in the other case the words of Job would be the ideal magnifying of a commonplace and realistic experience.

Verse 1. - After this opened Job his mouth. The first to take the word is Job, as, indeed, etiquette made necessary, when the visit paid was one of condolence. It can only be conjectured what the feelings were which had kept him silent so long. We may, perhaps, suggest that in the countenances and manner of his friends he saw something which displeased him, something indicative of their belief that he had brought his afflictions upon himself by secret sins of a heinous character. Pharisaism finds it very difficult to conceal itself; signs of it are almost sure to escape; often it manifests itself, without a word spoken, most offensively. The phrase, "opened his mouth," is not to be dismissed merely as a Hebraism. It is one used only on solemn occasions, and implies the utterance of deep thoughts, well considered beforehand (Psalm 78:21; Matthew 5:2), or of feelings long repressed, and now at length allowed expression. And cursed his day; "cursed," i.e., the "day of his birth." Some critics think that "cursed" is too strong a word, and suggest "reviled;" but it cannot be denied that "to curse" is a frequent meaning of קָלַל and it is difficult to see in Job's words (vers. 3-10) anything but a "curse" of a very intense character. To curse one's natal day is not, perhaps, a very wise act, since it can have no effect on the day or on anything else; but so great a prophet as Jeremiah imitated Job in this respect (Jeremiah 20:14-18), so that before Christianity it would seem that men were allowed thus to relieve their feelings. All that such cursing means is that one wishes one had never been born. 3:1-10 For seven days Job's friends sat by him in silence, without offering consolidation: at the same time Satan assaulted his mind to shake his confidence, and to fill him with hard thoughts of God. The permission seems to have extended to this, as well as to torturing the body. Job was an especial type of Christ, whose inward sufferings, both in the garden and on the cross, were the most dreadful; and arose in a great degree from the assaults of Satan in that hour of darkness. These inward trials show the reason of the change that took place in Job's conduct, from entire submission to the will of God, to the impatience which appears here, and in other parts of the book. The believer, who knows that a few drops of this bitter cup are more dreadful than the sharpest outward afflictions, while he is favoured with a sweet sense of the love and presence of God, will not be surprised to find that Job proved a man of like passions with others; but will rejoice that Satan was disappointed, and could not prove him a hypocrite; for though he cursed the day of his birth, he did not curse his God. Job doubtless was afterwards ashamed of these wishes, and we may suppose what must be his judgment of them now he is in everlasting happiness.
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