New American Standard Bible
'Every one of you shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep My sabbaths; I am the LORD your God.
King James Bible
Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.
Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall reverence every man his mother, and his father, and my sabbaths shall ye keep: I am Jehovah your God.
World English Bible
"'Each one of you shall respect his mother and his father. You shall keep my Sabbaths. I am Yahweh your God.
Young's Literal Translation
Each his mother and his father ye do fear, and My sabbaths ye do keep; I am Jehovah your God.
Leviticus 19:3 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Compare Exodus 20:8, Exodus 20:12; Exodus 31:13-14. The two laws repeated here are the only laws in the Decalogue which assume a positive shape, all the others being introduced by the formula, "Thou shalt not." These express two great central points, the first belonging to natural law and the second to positive law, in the maintenance of the well-being of the social body of which Yahweh was the acknowledged king.
The remarkable change which we have noticed in the views of Jewish authorities, from contempt to almost affectation of manual labour, could certainly not have been arbitrary. But as we fail to discover here any religious motive, we can only account for it on the score of altered political and social circumstances. So long as the people were, at least nominally, independent, and in possession of their own land, constant engagement in a trade would probably mark an inferior social stage, and imply …
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life
List of Abbreviations Used in Reference to Rabbinic Writings Quoted in this Work.
The Eclipse and Rediscovery of the Old Testament
Eligius, Bishop of Noyon.
"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
"Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the LORD your God gives you.
"But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.
'For I am the LORD your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy. And you shall not make yourselves unclean with any of the swarming things that swarm on the earth.
'You shall keep My sabbaths and revere My sanctuary; I am the LORD.
'For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the LORD in all your dwellings.
'Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the LORD your God gives you.
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