Matthew 18:34
New International Version
In anger his master handed him over to the jailers to be tortured, until he should pay back all he owed.

New Living Translation
Then the angry king sent the man to prison to be tortured until he had paid his entire debt.

English Standard Version
And in anger his master delivered him to the jailers, until he should pay all his debt.

Berean Study Bible
In his anger, his master turned him over to the jailers to be tortured, until he should repay all that he owed.

Berean Literal Bible
And having been angry, his master delivered him to the jailers, until that he should pay all being owed to him.

New American Standard Bible
"And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should repay all that was owed him.

King James Bible
And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.

Christian Standard Bible
And because he was angry, his master handed him over to the jailers to be tortured until he could pay everything that was owed.

Contemporary English Version
The king was so angry that he ordered the official to be tortured until he could pay back everything he owed.

Good News Translation
The king was very angry, and he sent the servant to jail to be punished until he should pay back the whole amount."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And his master got angry and handed him over to the jailers to be tortured until he could pay everything that was owed.

International Standard Version
In anger his master handed him over to the jailers until he could repay the entire debt.

NET Bible
And in anger his lord turned him over to the prison guards to torture him until he repaid all he owed.

New Heart English Bible
His lord was angry, and delivered him to the tormentors, until he should pay all that was due.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his lord was angry, and he delivered him to the scourgers until he would pay everything that he owed him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"His master was so angry that he handed him over to the torturers until he would repay everything that he owed.

New American Standard 1977
“And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should repay all that was owed him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And his lord was wroth and delivered him to the tormentors until he should pay all that was due unto him.

King James 2000 Bible
And his lord was angry, and delivered him to the jailers, till he should pay all that was due unto him.

American King James Version
And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due to him.

American Standard Version
And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his lord being angry, delivered him to the torturers until he paid all the debt.

Darby Bible Translation
And his lord being angry delivered him to the tormentors till he paid all that was owing to him.

English Revised Version
And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due.

Webster's Bible Translation
And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due to him.

Weymouth New Testament
"So his master, greatly incensed, handed him over to the jailers until he should pay all he owed him.

World English Bible
His lord was angry, and delivered him to the tormentors, until he should pay all that was due to him.

Young's Literal Translation
'And having been wroth, his lord delivered him to the inquisitors, till he might pay all that was owing to him;
Study Bible
The Unforgiving Servant
33Should you not have had mercy on your fellow servant, just as I had on you?’ 34In his anger, his master turned him over to the jailers to be tortured, until he should repay all that he owed. 35That is how My Heavenly Father will treat each of you, unless you forgive your brother from your heart.”…
Cross References
Matthew 18:33
Should you not have had mercy on your fellow servant, just as I had on you?'

Matthew 18:35
That is how My Heavenly Father will treat each of you, unless you forgive your brother from your heart."

Treasury of Scripture

And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due to him.

and delivered.

Matthew 5:25,26
Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison…

Luke 12:58,59
When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison…

2 Thessalonians 1:8,9
In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: …







Lexicon
In his anger,
ὀργισθεὶς (orgistheis)
Verb - Aorist Participle Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3710: To irritate, provoke, be angry. From orge; to provoke or enrage, i.e. become exasperated.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

master
κύριος (kyrios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2962: Lord, master, sir; the Lord. From kuros; supreme in authority, i.e. controller; by implication, Master.

turned him over
παρέδωκεν (paredōken)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3860: From para and didomi; to surrender, i.e yield up, intrust, transmit.

to the
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

jailers to be tortured,
βασανισταῖς (basanistais)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 930: One who tortures, a tormentor, jailor. From basanizo; a torturer.

until
ἕως (heōs)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2193: A conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until.

he should repay
ἀποδῷ (apodō)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 591: From apo and didomi; to give away, i.e. Up, over, back, etc.

all
πᾶν (pan)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

that
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

he owed.
ὀφειλόμενον (opheilomenon)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3784: Or, its prolonged form opheileo probably from the base of ophelos; to owe; figuratively, to be under obligation; morally, to fail in duty.
(34) Delivered him to the tormentors.--The words seem deliberately vague. We dare not say that the "tormentors" are avenging angels, or demons, though in the hell of mediaeval poetry and art these latter are almost exclusively represented as the instruments of punishment. More truly, we may see in them the symbols of whatever agencies God employs in the work of righteous retribution, the stings of remorse, the scourge of conscience, the scorn and reproach of men, not excluding, of course, whatever elements of suffering lie behind the veil, in the life beyond the grave.

Till he should pay all that was due unto him.--As in Matthew 5:26 (where see Note), the words suggest at once the possibility of a limit, and the difficulty, if not impossibility, of ever reaching it. How could the man in the hands of the tormentors obtain the means of paying the ten thousand talents? And the parable excludes the thought of the debt being, as it were, taken out in torments, a quantitative punishment being accepted as the discharge of what could not otherwise be paid. The imagery of the parable leaves us in silent awe, and we only find refuge from our questionings in the thought that "the things that are impossible with man are possible with God" (Matthew 19:26).

Verse 34. - Was wroth. This, as we said above, is the prerogative of God. Man is pained and grieved at sin; God is angry. Tormentors; βασανισταῖς: tortoribus. These are not the gaolers, prison keepers, but persons who put prisoners to the torture. Neither Jewish nor Roman law at that time recognized any such officials; neither were those in confinement treated thus in either community. The idea is taken from the practice of Oriental despotism, which might thus punish an offence considered supremely detestable. In a mystical sense these are the ministers of Divine vengeance who carry out the behests of the King. Till he should pay; until he should have paid (ἕως οῦ ἀποδῷ). Some editors omit or bracket οῦ, but the sense is the same with or without the relative. The debt never could be paid, so practically the punishment would last forever. Commentators, mediaeval and modern, see here an argument for the eternity of future punishment; others see in the clause an intimation that sin may be forgiven in the other world, though not repented of or pardoned in this present life. The words give no support to the latter interpretation. Until, etc., does not necessarily signify that the condition specified is certain to be fulfilled. As Bengel says, on Matthew 1:25, "Non sequitur ergo post." And in the present case there could be no possibility of payment. A criminal delivered to the tormentors would have no opportunity or means of raising the necessary funds. If this is a picture of the final judgment, it is parallel to our Lord's statement in Matthew 5:26, "Thou shalt by no means come out thence till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing;" for, as the Preacher says, "There is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave whither thou goest" (Ecclesiastes 9:10). All that was due [unto him] (πᾶν τὸ ὀφειλόμενον αὐτῷ). Modern editors reject αὐτῷ: Vulgate, universum debitum. This is more general than "all that debt" in ver. 32. It is usually taken to refer to the old debt now redemanded. But a difficulty has been found in the fact that this old debt had been freely forgiven and utterly done away, and therefore could not, in equity, be again exacted. Hence some commentators have explained the clause as referring not at all to the former debt, but to a new debt incurred by a new offence, viz. ingratitude and unmercifulness. But the spiritual truth seems to be that, although sins once absolutely forgiven are not again imputed, they make subsequent sins more heinous, as in a human law court previous conviction increases the penalty of a fresh transgression. Falling from grace, a man passes into enmity with God, and so far cancels his pardon, and is in a state of condemnation (see Ezekiel 18:24, 26). 18:21-35 Though we live wholly on mercy and forgiveness, we are backward to forgive the offences of our brethren. This parable shows how much provocation God has from his family on earth, and how untoward his servants are. There are three things in the parable: 1. The master's wonderful clemency. The debt of sin is so great, that we are not able to pay it. See here what every sin deserves; this is the wages of sin, to be sold as a slave. It is the folly of many who are under strong convictions of their sins, to fancy they can make God satisfaction for the wrong they have done him. 2. The servant's unreasonable severity toward his fellow-servant, notwithstanding his lord's clemency toward him. Not that we may make light of wronging our neighbour, for that is also a sin against God; but we should not aggravate our neighbour's wronging us, nor study revenge. Let our complaints, both of the wickedness of the wicked, and of the afflictions of the afflicted, be brought to God, and left with him. 3. The master reproved his servant's cruelty. The greatness of sin magnifies the riches of pardoning mercy; and the comfortable sense of pardoning mercy, does much to dispose our hearts to forgive our brethren. We are not to suppose that God actually forgives men, and afterwards reckons their guilt to them to condemn them; but this latter part of the parable shows the false conclusions many draw as to their sins being pardoned, though their after-conduct shows that they never entered into the spirit, or experienced the sanctifying grace of the gospel. We do not forgive our offending brother aright, if we do not forgive from the heart. Yet this is not enough; we must seek the welfare even of those who offend us. How justly will those be condemned, who, though they bear the Christian name, persist in unmerciful treatment of their brethren! The humbled sinner relies only on free, abounding mercy, through the ransom of the death of Christ. Let us seek more and more for the renewing grace of God, to teach us to forgive others as we hope for forgiveness from him.
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