Judges 5:30
New International Version
Are they not finding and dividing the spoils: a woman or two for each man, colorful garments as plunder for Sisera, colorful garments embroidered, highly embroidered garments for my neck-- all this as plunder?'

New Living Translation
‘They must be dividing the captured plunder— with a woman or two for every man. There will be colorful robes for Sisera, and colorful, embroidered robes for me. Yes, the plunder will include colorful robes embroidered on both sides.’

English Standard Version
‘Have they not found and divided the spoil?— A womb or two for every man; spoil of dyed materials for Sisera, spoil of dyed materials embroidered, two pieces of dyed work embroidered for the neck as spoil?’

Berean Study Bible
‘Are they not finding and dividing the spoil—a girl or two for each warrior, a plunder of dyed garments for Sisera, the spoil of embroidered garments for the neck of the looter?’

King James Bible
Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?

New King James Version
‘Are they not finding and dividing the spoil: To every man a girl or two; For Sisera, plunder of dyed garments, Plunder of garments embroidered and dyed, Two pieces of dyed embroidery for the neck of the looter?’

New American Standard Bible
‘Are they not finding, are they not dividing the spoils? A concubine, two concubines for every warrior; To Sisera a spoil of dyed cloth, A spoil of dyed cloth embroidered, Dyed cloth of double embroidery on the neck of the plunderer?’

NASB 1995
'Are they not finding, are they not dividing the spoil? A maiden, two maidens for every warrior; To Sisera a spoil of dyed work, A spoil of dyed work embroidered, Dyed work of double embroidery on the neck of the spoiler?'

NASB 1977
‘Are they not finding, are they not dividing the spoil? A maiden, two maidens for every warrior; To Sisera a spoil of dyed work, A spoil of dyed work embroidered, Dyed work of double embroidery on the neck of the spoiler?’

Amplified Bible
‘Are they not finding and dividing the spoil? A maiden (concubine) or two for every man; A spoil of dyed garments for Sisera, A spoil of dyed garments embroidered, Two pieces of dyed garments embroidered for the neck of the plunderer?’

Christian Standard Bible
“Are they not finding and dividing the spoil — a girl or two for each warrior, the spoil of colored garments for Sisera, the spoil of an embroidered garment or two for my neck? ”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Are they not finding and dividing the spoil-- a girl or two for each warrior, the spoil of colored garments for Sisera, the spoil of an embroidered garment or two for my neck?"

American Standard Version
Have they not found, have they not divided the spoil? A damsel, two damsels to every man; To Sisera a spoil of dyed garments, A spoil of dyed garments embroidered, Of dyed garments embroidered on both sides, on the necks of the spoil?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
‘Doubtless he went and he found much spoil and he divided a mule to each head of a man and much spoil and died garments and embroidery for Sisra and died garments and embroidery on the necks of those who take spoil!’

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Will they not find him dividing the spoil? he will surely be gracious to every man: there are spoils of dyed garments for Sisara, spoils of various dyed garments, dyed embroidered garments, they are the spoils for his neck.

Contemporary English Version
"Sisera and his troops are finding treasures to bring back--a woman, or maybe two, for each man, and beautiful dresses for those women to wear."

Douay-Rheims Bible
Perhaps he is now dividing the spoils, and the fairest of the women is chosen out for him: garments of divers colours are given to Sisara for his prey, and furniture of different kinds is heaped together to adorn the necks.

English Revised Version
Have they not found, have they not divided the spoil? a damsel, two damsels to every man; to Sisera a spoil of divers colours, a spoil of divers colours of embroidery, of divers colours of embroidery on both sides, on the necks of the spoil?

Good News Translation
"They are only finding things to capture and divide, a woman or two for every soldier, rich cloth for Sisera, embroidered pieces for the neck of the queen."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"They're really finding and dividing the loot: A girl or two for each soldier, colorful clothes for Sisera, colorful, embroidered clothes, and two pieces of colorful, embroidered cloth for the neck of the looter."

International Standard Version
They're busy finding and dividing the war booty, aren't they? A girl or two for each valiant warrior, and some dyed materials for Sisera— perhaps dyed, embroidered war booty— or some detailed embroidery for my neck as the booty of war!

JPS Tanakh 1917
Are they not finding, are they not dividing the spoil? A damsel, two damsels to every man; To Sisera a spoil of dyed garments, A spoil of dyed garments of embroidery, Two dyed garments of broidery for the neck of every spoiler?'

Literal Standard Version
Do they not find? They apportion spoil, "" A female—two females—for every head, "" Spoil of finger-work for Sisera, "" Spoil of embroidered finger-work, "" Finger-work—a pair of embroidered things, "" For the necks of the spoil!

NET Bible
No doubt they are gathering and dividing the plunder--a girl or two for each man to rape! Sisera is grabbing up colorful cloth, he is grabbing up colorful embroidered cloth, two pieces of colorful embroidered cloth, for the neck of the plunderer!'

New Heart English Bible
Have they not found, have they not divided the spoil? A womb or two for every man; to Sisera a spoil of dyed garments, A spoil of dyed garments embroidered, Of dyed garments embroidered on both sides, for the neck of the plunderer?'

World English Bible
'Have they not found, have they not divided the spoil? A lady, two ladies to every man; to Sisera a spoil of dyed garments, a spoil of dyed garments embroidered, of dyed garments embroidered on both sides, on the necks of the spoil?'

Young's Literal Translation
Do they not find? -- they apportion spoil, A female -- two females -- for every head, Spoil of finger-work for Sisera, Spoil of embroidered finger-work, Finger-work -- a pair of embroidered things, For the necks of the spoil!

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Song of Deborah and Barak
29Her wisest ladies answer; indeed she keeps telling herself, 30‘Are they not finding and dividing the spoil— a girl or two for each warrior, a plunder of dyed garments for Sisera, the spoil of embroidered garments for the neck of the looter?’ 31So may all your enemies perish, O LORD! But may those who love You shine like the sun at its brightest.” And the land had rest for forty years.…

Cross References
Exodus 15:9
The enemy declared, 'I will pursue, I will overtake. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword; my hand will destroy them.'

Judges 5:19
Kings came and fought; then the kings of Canaan fought at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo, but they took no plunder of silver.

Judges 5:29
Her wisest ladies answer; indeed she keeps telling herself,

Psalm 45:14
In colorful garments she is led to the king; her virgin companions are brought before you.

Psalm 68:12
"Kings and their armies flee in haste; she who waits at home divides the plunder.

Proverbs 16:19
It is better to be lowly in spirit among the humble than to divide the spoil with the proud.


Treasury of Scripture

Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colors, a prey of divers colors of needlework, of divers colors of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?

have they not sped

Exodus 15:9
The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.

Job 20:5
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

every man.

Genesis 37:3
Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours.

2 Samuel 13:18
And she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.

Psalm 45:14
She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.









(30) Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey?--Literally, Are they not finding? are they not dividing the spoil? Is not the wealth of their booty the cause of their delay? (Comp. Exodus 15:9 : "The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil.")

To every man.--Literally, as in the margin, to the head of a man. (Comp. Exodus 16:16; Numbers 1:2; 1Chronicles 12:23.)

A damsel or two.--Literally, a maiden, two maidens; only that the word used is strongly contemptuous, as though a captive Hebrew girl could only be described by a term of scorn. In these internecine wars the men were killed and the women reserved as slaves (Numbers 31:17-18). Commentators quote a remarkable parallel from Gibbon (2, ch. 11), where he says that two or three Gothic female captives fell to the share of each of the soldiers of Claudius II. ("Tantum mulierum cepimus,ut binas et ternasmulieres victor sibi miles possit adjungere."--Trebellius Pollio, 8) The reading of the Peshito is, "a heap, two heaps," as in Judges 15:16.

Of divers colours.--Literally, of dyed robes.

Of divers colours of needlework.--Of dyed robes of embroidered webs.

Of divers colours of needlework on both sides.--A dyed robe, two embroidered webs.

Meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?--Literally, as in the margin, for the necks of the spoil. As this gives no good sense, our version follows those which here understand "spoil" as equivalent to "spoiler." The old versions take "spoil" in apposition to the rest of the sentence: e.g., the LXX. have, "dyed robes of embroidered webs for his neck, as spoils," and a similar meaning is involved in the loose paraphrase of the Vulgate. Others explain it to mean that the dyed robes are to be carried on the necks of the female slaves and the captive cattle. Ewald reads shegal ("queen ") for shellal ("prey ")--a brilliant and probable conjecture; for if the booty of the soldiers and the general is mentioned, the royal ladies would be hardly likely to forget themselves. In any case, the mother of Sisera is characteristically described (as Bishop Lowth has pointed out) as talking neither of the slaughter of the enemy nor the prowess of the warriors, but only of the gay and feminine booty. (Comp. "Faemineo praedae et spoliorum arderet amore," 'n. xi. 728.) Nothing can exceed the power and skill with which in a few words the vanity, levity, and arrogance of these "wise princesses" are described, as they idly talk of colours and embroidery, and, as it were, gloat over the description; while, at the same time, an unwomanly coarseness (racham, for "maiden") mingles with their womanly frivolity. Only we must bear in mind that they too, like Deborah and Jael, though in an ignobler way, are the creatures of their age and circumstances.

Verse 30. - Sped, i.e. come across some booty. For the necks of them that take the spoil. Literally, for the necks of spoil. It is a difficult and obscure expression. The spoil may mean the camels, horses, or mules taken from the enemy, and the articles described may mean the housings and trappings for their necks. Or the necks of spoil might mean the necks of the beasts of burden laden with spoil.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
‘Are they not
הֲלֹ֨א (hă·lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

finding
יִמְצְא֜וּ (yim·ṣə·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

and dividing
יְחַלְּק֣וּ (yə·ḥal·lə·qū)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 2505: To be smooth, to apportion, separate

the spoil—
שָׁלָ֗ל (šā·lāl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7998: A prey, spoil, plunder, booty

a girl
רַ֤חַם (ra·ḥam)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7356: Compassion, the womb, a maiden

[or] two
רַחֲמָתַ֙יִם֙ (ra·ḥă·mā·ṯa·yim)
Noun - fd
Strong's 7361: A maiden

for each
לְרֹ֣אשׁ (lə·rōš)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7218: The head

warrior,
גֶּ֔בֶר (ge·ḇer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1397: A valiant man, warrior, a person simply

a plunder
שְׁלַ֤ל (šə·lal)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7998: A prey, spoil, plunder, booty

of dyed garments
צְבָעִים֙ (ṣə·ḇā·‘îm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6648: Dye, dyed stuff

for Sisera,
לְסִ֣יסְרָ֔א (lə·sî·sə·rā)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5516: Sisera -- a general of the king of Hazor, also the father of some returning exiles

the spoil
שְׁלַ֥ל (šə·lal)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7998: A prey, spoil, plunder, booty

of embroidered
רִקְמָ֑ה (riq·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7553: Variegation of color, embroidery

garments
צְבָעִ֖ים (ṣə·ḇā·‘îm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6648: Dye, dyed stuff

for the neck
לְצַוְּארֵ֥י (lə·ṣaw·wə·rê)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6677: The back of the neck

of the looter?’
שָׁלָֽל׃ (šā·lāl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7998: A prey, spoil, plunder, booty


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OT History: Judges 5:30 Have they not found have they not (Jd Judg. Jdg)
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