1 Samuel 13
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

Saul’s Battles against the Philistines

1Saul was 30a years old when he began to reign, and he ruled for 42b years over Israel. 2Saul chose for himself 3,000 men from Israel. There were 2,000 with Saul in Michmash and the hill country of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. He had sent the rest of the people home.c

3Jonathan attacked the Philistine garrisond in Geba, and the Philistines heard about it. Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land: “Listen, Hebrews!” 4All Israel heard the report,e “Saul has attacked the Philistine garrisonf and Israel has also become repulsive to the Philistines.” Then the people were summoned to Saul at Gilgal.

5The Philistines assembled to fight against Israel with 30,000 chariots, 6,000 horsemen, and people as numerous as the sand on the seashore. And they advanced and camped in Michmash, east of Beth-aven. 6When the men of Israel saw that they were in distress (for the people were in a tight spot), the people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, in crags, in tombs, and in pits. 7Hebrews went across the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead, but Saul remained in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8Saulg waited seven days for the appointment set by Samuel. When Samuel did not arrive at Gilgal, as the people began to scatter from Saul,h 9Saul said, “Bring the burnt offering and the peace offering to me,” and he offered the burnt offering. 10Just as he finished offering the burnt offering, Samuel arrived, and Saul went out to meet and greet him.

11Samuel said, “What have you done?”

Saul replied, “When? I saw that the people were scattering from me, that you didn’t come at the appointed time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Michmash. 12Ii thought, ‘The Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal but I’ve not sought the favor of the LORD,’ so I forced myself to offer the burnt offering.”

13Then Samuel told Saul, “You have acted foolishly. You haven’t obeyed the commandment of the LORD your God, which he commanded you. For then the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever, 14but now your kingdom won’t be established. The LORD has sought for himself a man after his own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as Commander-in-Chiefj over his people because you didn’t obey that which the LORD commanded you.”

15Then Samuel got up and went from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Saul mustered the people present with him, about 600 men. 16Saul, his son Jonathan, and the people present with them remained in Geba of Benjamin, while the Philistines camped in Michmash. 17Raiders went out of the Philistine camp in three companies. One company turned in the direction ofk Ophrah, to the land of Shual, 18one company turned in the direction ofl Beth-horon, while the one company turned toward the borderm that overlooks the valley of Zeboiim toward the desert.

The Philistine Monopoly on Metal Working

19No blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel because the Philistines thought, “This will keep the Hebrews from making swords or spears.” 20Everyone in Israel would have to go to the Philistines so each person could sharpen his plow, his mattock, his axe, and his sickle.n 21The charge was one pino for plows, mattocks, three pronged forks,p and axes, or for setting the goads. 22On the day of battle, none of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan were armed with swords or spears, but Saul and his son Jonathan did haveq them. 23Now a garrison of the Philistines had gone out to the pass of Michmash.

a 13:1 So a few late LXX mss.; the Heb. lacks 30
b 13:1 Lit. two; cf. Acts 13:21; Josephus’s Antiquities VI.14.9 cites Saul as reigning 18 years before Samuel’s death and 22 years after. But Antiquities X.8.4 cites only 20 years for Saul’s reign.
c 13:2 Lit. each to his own tent
d 13:3 Or struck down the Philistine leader
e 13:4 Lit. heard, saying
f 13:4 Or struck down the Philistine leader
g 13:8 Lit. He
h 13:8 Lit. him
i 13:11-12 Or When I … Michmash, I
j 13:14 Lit. Nagid; i.e. a senior officer entrusted with dual roles of operational oversight and administrative authority
k 13:17 Or along the road to
l 13:18 Or along the road to
m 13:18 Or along the border road
n 13:20 So LXX; MT, plow
o 13:21 i.e. a unit of measurement equal to about 2/3 of a shekel, weighing about 0.3 ounces; one shekel weighed about 0.4 ounces
p 13:21 The meaning of MT is uncertain
q 13:22 Lit. were found with

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

Bible Hub
1 Samuel 12
Top of Page
Top of Page