Judges 5:8
New International Version
God chose new leaders when war came to the city gates, but not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel.

New Living Translation
When Israel chose new gods, war erupted at the city gates. Yet not a shield or spear could be seen among forty thousand warriors in Israel!

English Standard Version
When new gods were chosen, then war was in the gates. Was shield or spear to be seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Berean Study Bible
When they chose new gods, then war came to their gates. Not a shield or spear was found among forty thousand in Israel.

New American Standard Bible
"New gods were chosen; Then war was in the gates. Not a shield or a spear was seen Among forty thousand in Israel.

King James Bible
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Christian Standard Bible
Israel chose new gods, then there was war in the city gates. Not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites worshiped other gods, and the gates of their towns were then attacked. But they had no shields or spears to fight with.

Good News Translation
Then there was war in the land when the Israelites chose new gods. Of the forty thousand men in Israel, did anyone carry shield or spear?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel chose new gods, then war was in the gates. Not a shield or spear was seen among 40,000 in Israel.

International Standard Version
New gods were chosen, then war came to the city gates, but there wasn't a shield or spear to be seen among 40,000 soldiers of Israel.

NET Bible
God chose new leaders, then fighters appeared in the city gates; but, I swear, not a shield or spear could be found, among forty military units in Israel.

New Heart English Bible
They chose new gods. Then war was in the gates. Was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the people chose new gods, war broke out inside the city gates. Not a weapon was seen among 40,000 in Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They chose new gods; Then was war in the gates; Was there a shield or spear seen Among forty thousand in Israel?

New American Standard 1977
“New gods were chosen; Then war was in the gates. Not a shield or a spear was seen Among forty thousand in Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When they chose new gods, the war was at the gates. Was there a shield or spear to be seen among forty thousand in Israel?

King James 2000 Bible
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

American King James Version
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

American Standard Version
They chose new gods; Then was war in the gates: Was there a shield or spear seen Among forty thousand in Israel?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
They chose new gods; then the cities of rulers fought; there was not a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord chose new wars, and he himself overthrew the gates of the enemies: a shield and spear was not seen among forty thousand of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: Was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

English Revised Version
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Webster's Bible Translation
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

World English Bible
They chose new gods. Then war was in the gates. Was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Young's Literal Translation
He chooseth new gods, Then war is at the gates! A shield is not seen -- and a spear Among forty thousand in Israel.
Study Bible
The Song of Deborah and Barak
7Life in the villages ceased; it ended in Israel, until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel. 8When they chose new gods, then war came to their gates. Not a shield or spear was found among forty thousand in Israel. 9My heart is with the princes of Israel, with the volunteers among the people. Bless the LORD!…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:17
They sacrificed to demons, not to God, to gods they had not known, to newly arrived gods, which your fathers did not fear.

Judges 5:7
Life in the villages ceased; it ended in Israel, until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.

Judges 5:11
the voices of the singers at the watering places. There they shall recount the righteous acts of the LORD, the righteous deeds of His warriors in Israel. Then the people of the LORD went down to the gates:

1 Samuel 13:19
And no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, "The Hebrews must not be allowed to make swords or spears."

1 Samuel 13:22
So on the day of battle not a sword or spear could be found in the hands of the troops with Saul and Jonathan; only Saul and his son Jonathan had weapons.

Treasury of Scripture

They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

new gods

Judges 2:12,17
And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger…

Deuteronomy 32:16,17
They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger…

was there

Judges 4:3
And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.

1 Samuel 13:19-22
Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears: …







Lexicon
When they chose
יִבְחַר֙ (yiḇ·ḥar)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 977: To try, select

new
חֲדָשִׁ֔ים (ḥă·ḏā·šîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2319: New

gods,
אֱלֹהִ֣ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

then
אָ֖ז (’āz)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 227: At that time, place, therefore

war
לָחֶ֣ם (lā·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3901: Perhaps war

came to their gates.
שְׁעָרִ֑ים (šə·‘ā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8179: An opening, door, gate

Not
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

a shield
מָגֵ֤ן (mā·ḡên)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 4043: A shield, a protector, the scaly hide of the crocodile

or spear
וָרֹ֔מַח (wā·rō·maḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7420: A lance, the iron point

was found
יֵֽרָאֶה֙ (yê·rā·’eh)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

among forty
בְּאַרְבָּעִ֥ים (bə·’ar·bā·‘îm)
Preposition-b | Number - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 705: Forty

thousand
אֶ֖לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

in Israel.
בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (bə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(8) They chose new gods.--The Chaldee and the LXX. agree in this interpretation, which is strongly supported by Deuteronomy 32:16-17. The Syriac and Vulgate render it "God chose new things," or "wars" (nova bella elegit Dominus, Vulg.); but this gives a poorer sense, and is open to the objection that Jehovah, not Elohim, is used throughout the rest of the song. It alludes to the idolatry (Jeremiah 2:11) which brought the retribution described in the next clause. Ewald and his pupil, Bertheau, render "gods" (Elohim) by "judges;" but this is very doubtful, though the word has that meaning in Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:7-8.

Then was war in the gates.--The Canaanites drove the Israelites from the city gates, where judgments were given, and expelled them from their towns; so the Targum explains it to mean, "the storming of gates," and so too Rabbi Tanchum. One MS. of the LXX. and the Syriac and Arabic versions have the strange rendering, "they chose new gods like barley bread," which Theodoret explains to mean, "as though after eating wheaten bread, men would voluntarily descend to coarse barley bread"; but this is only due to an inferior reading.

Was there a shield or spear.--This is usually, and not unnaturally, explained to mean that there had been a general disarmament (comp. Judges 3:31; 1Samuel 13:19); we must then assume that the Israelites had only bows, slings, and swords. But (1) there is no indication whatever (but rather the reverse, Judges 4:15) that Barak's army--which, moreover, consisted of 10,000, not 40,000--was unarmed; and (2) the context seems to favour the meaning that, in spite of these degradations, there was not a warrior in all Israel who dared to put on his armour.

Among forty thousand.--Even if the number is meant as a round or general number, it is remarkable. It is true that though Barak only had 10,000 men with him, the contingents of Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh are not counted; but even then the number shows that Israel was weakened and disunited, for the Transjordanic tribes alone had sent 40,000 men to help Joshua in the conquest of Canaan (Joshua 4:13).

Verse 8. - The cause of this misery was not far to seek; it was the idolatry of the people which provoked God to anger. Then their enemies were let loose upon them, and they dared make no resistance. 5:6-11. Deborah describes the distressed state of Israel under the tyranny of Jabin, that their salvation might appear more gracious. She shows what brought this misery upon them. It was their idolatry. They chose new gods, with new names. But under all these images, Satan was worshipped. Deborah was a mother to Israel, by diligently promoting the salvation of their souls. She calls on those who shared the advantages of this great salvation, to offer up thanks to God for it. Let such as are restored, not only to their liberty as other Israelites, but to their rank, speak God's praises. This is the Lord's doing. In these acts of his, justice was executed on his enemies. In times of persecution, God's ordinances, the walls of salvation, whence the waters of life are drawn, are resorted to at the hazard of the lives of those who attend them. At all times Satan will endeavour to hinder the believer from drawing near to the throne of grace. Notice God's kindness to his trembling people. It is the glory of God to protect those who are most exposed, and to help the weakest. Let us notice the benefit we have from the public peace, the inhabitants of villages especially, and give God the praise.
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OT History: Judges 5:8 They chose new gods (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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