Judges 5:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When new gods were chosen, then war was in the gates. Was shield or spear to be seen among forty thousand in Israel?

King James Bible
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

American Standard Version
They chose new gods; Then was war in the gates: Was there a shield or spear seen Among forty thousand in Israel?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord chose new wars, and he himself overthrew the gates of the enemies: a shield and spear was not seen among forty thousand of Israel.

English Revised Version
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Webster's Bible Translation
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Judges 5:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

2 That the strong in Israel showed themselves strong,

That the people willingly offered themselves,

Praise ye the Lord!

The meaning of פּרע and פּרעות is a subject of dispute. According to the Septuagint rendering, and that of Theodot., ἐν τῷ ἄρξασθαι ἀρχηγοὺς ἐν Ἰσραήλ, many give it the meaning to begin or to lead, and endeavour to establish this meaning from an Arabic word signifying to find one's self at the head of an affair. But this meaning cannot be established in Hebrew. פּרע has no other meaning than to let loose from something, to let a person loose or free (see at Leviticus 10:6); and in the only other passage where פּרעות occurs (Deuteronomy 32:42), it does not refer to a leader, but to the luxuriant growth of the hair as the sign of great strength. Hence in this passage also פּרעות literally means comati, the hairy ones, i.e., those who possessed strength; and פּרע, to manifest or put forth strength. The persons referred to are the champions in the fight, who went before the nation with strength and bravery. The preposition בּ before פּרע indicates the reason for praising God, or rather the object with which the praise of the Lord was connected. וגו בּפרע, literally "in the showing themselves strong." The meaning is, "for the fact that the strong in Israel put forth strength." התנדּב, to prove one's self willing, here to go into the battle of their own free will, without any outward and authoritative command. This introduction transports us in the most striking manner into the time of the judges, when Israel had no king who could summon the nation to war, but everything depended upon the voluntary rising of the strong and the will of the nation at large. The manifestation of this strength and willingness Deborah praises as a gracious gift of the Lord. After this summons to praise the Lord, the first part of the song opens with an appeal to the kings and princes of the earth to hear what Deborah has to proclaim to the praise of God.

Judges 5:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

new gods

Judges 2:12,17 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods...

Deuteronomy 32:16,17 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger...

was there

Judges 4:3 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron...

1 Samuel 13:19-22 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:17
They sacrificed to demons that were no gods, to gods they had never known, to new gods that had come recently, whom your fathers had never dreaded.

Judges 5:7
The villagers ceased in Israel; they ceased to be until I arose; I, Deborah, arose as a mother in Israel.

Judges 5:11
To the sound of musicians at the watering places, there they repeat the righteous triumphs of the LORD, the righteous triumphs of his villagers in Israel. "Then down to the gates marched the people of the LORD.

1 Samuel 13:19
Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, "Lest the Hebrews make themselves swords or spears."

1 Samuel 13:22
So on the day of the battle there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people with Saul and Jonathan, but Saul and Jonathan his son had them.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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