Hosea 13:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Where is your king, that he may save you? Where are your rulers in all your towns, of whom you said, 'Give me a king and princes'?

New Living Translation
Now where is your king? Let him save you! Where are all the leaders of the land, the king and the officials you demanded of me?

English Standard Version
Where now is your king, to save you in all your cities? Where are all your rulers— those of whom you said, “Give me a king and princes”?

Berean Study Bible
Where is your king now to save you in all your cities, and the rulers to whom you said, “Give me a king and princes”?

New American Standard Bible
Where now is your king That he may save you in all your cities, And your judges of whom you requested, "Give me a king and princes "?

King James Bible
I will be thy king: where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?

Christian Standard Bible
Where now is your king, that he may save you in all your cities, and the rulers you demanded, saying, "Give me a king and leaders"?

Contemporary English Version
You wanted a king and rulers. Where is your king now? What cities have rulers?

Good News Translation
You asked for a king and for leaders, but how can they save the nation?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Where now is your king, that he may save you in all your cities, and the rulers you demanded, saying," Give me a king and leaders"?

International Standard Version
Now where is your king? Will he save you in all your cities? And where are your judges, about whom you demanded, 'Give me a king and officials!'?

NET Bible
Where then is your king, that he may save you in all your cities? Where are your rulers for whom you asked, saying, "Give me a king and princes"?

New Heart English Bible
Where is your king now, that he may save you in all your cities? And your judges, of whom you said, 'Give me a king and princes?'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Where, now, is your king, the one who is supposed to save you? Where in all your cities are your judges? You said, 'Give us kings and officials!'

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ho, now, thy king, That he may save thee in all thy cities! And thy judges, of whom thou saidst: 'Give me a king and princes!'

New American Standard 1977
Where now is your king That he may save you in all your cities, And your judges of whom you requested, “Give me a king and princes”?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Where is thy king, that may save thee with all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou didst say, Give me a king and princes?

King James 2000 Bible
I will be your king: where is any other that may save you in all your cities? and your judges of whom you said, Give me a king and princes?

American King James Version
I will be your king: where is any other that may save you in all your cities? and your judges of whom you said, Give me a king and princes?

American Standard Version
Where now is thy king, that he may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges, of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Where is thy king? now especially let him save thee in all thy cities: and thy judges, of whom thou saidst: Q Give me kings and princes.

Darby Bible Translation
Where then is thy king, that he may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes? --

English Revised Version
Where now is thy king, that he may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges, of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?

Webster's Bible Translation
I will be thy king: where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?

World English Bible
Where is your king now, that he may save you in all your cities? And your judges, of whom you said, 'Give me a king and princes?'

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast destroyed thyself, O Israel, But in Me is thy help, Where is thy king now -- And he doth save thee in all thy cities? And thy judges of whom thou didst say, 'Give to me a king and heads?'
Study Bible
God's Mercy
9It is your destruction, O Israel, because you are against Me, your helper. 10Where is your king now to save you in all your cities, and the rulers to whom you said, “Give me a king and princes”? 11So in My anger I gave you a king, and in My wrath I took him away.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 8:5
"Look," they said, "you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint a king to judge us like all the other nations."

1 Samuel 8:6
But when they said, "Give us a king to judge us," their demand was displeasing in the sight of Samuel; so he prayed to the LORD.

2 Kings 17:4
But the king of Assyria discovered that Hoshea had conspired to send envoys to King So of Egypt, and that he had not paid tribute to the king of Assyria as in previous years. Therefore the king of Assyria arrested Hoshea and put him in prison.

Hosea 3:4
For the Israelites must live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar, and without ephod or idol.

Hosea 7:7
All of them are as hot as an oven, and they consume their rulers. All their kings fall; not one of them calls upon Me.

Hosea 8:4
They set up kings, but not by Me. they make princes, but without My approval. With their silver and gold they make themselves idols, to their own destruction.

Treasury of Scripture

I will be your king: where is any other that may save you in all your cities? and your judges of whom you said, Give me a king and princes?

I will be thy king. or, Where is thy king? King Hosea being then in prison,

2 Kings 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent …

Psalm 10:16 The LORD is King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.

Psalm 44:4 You are my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob.

Psalm 47:6,7 Sing praises to God, sing praises: sing praises to our King, sing praises…

Psalm 74:12 For God is my King of old, working salvation in the middle of the earth.

Psalm 89:18 For the LORD is our defense; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.

Psalm 149:2 Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion …

Isaiah 33:22 For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is …

Isaiah 43:15 I am the LORD, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.

Jeremiah 8:19 Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of my people because …

Zechariah 14:9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall …

John 1:49 Nathanael answered and said to him, Rabbi, you are the Son of God; …

where.

Hosea 13:4 Yet I am the LORD your God from the land of Egypt, and you shall …

Hosea 10:3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the …

Deuteronomy 32:37-39 And he shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted…

Jeremiah 2:28 But where are your gods that you have made you? let them arise, if …

thy judges.

Hosea 8:4 They have set up kings, but not by me: they have made princes, and …

Judges 2:16-18 Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out …

1 Samuel 8:5,6,19,20 And said to him, Behold, you are old, and your sons walk not in your …

1 Samuel 12:11,12 And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, …

1 Kings 12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come …







(10) The rendering should be, Where, pray, is thy king, that he may save thee? &c. The original demand for a king who should be a visible token to Israel of protection against their surrounding foes was adverse to the true spirit of the kingdom of God upon earth, and, though granted, proved to the united kingdom, and afterwards to the kingdom of Israel, an age-long curse. Probably the special reference here is to the latter--the erection of the Ten Tribes into a separate monarchy.

Verses 10-16. - The concluding verse is at once a conclusion and commencement - an inference from what preceded, and the beginning of a second line of proof showing that, while their ruin was by themselves, their restoration would be by God. When the kings and princes whom they had sinfully sought, and who had been given to them in anger would fail, God himself would be their King, as is stated in vers. 10 and 11. Further, when in consequence of their iniquities treasured up, their sorrows and sufferings would be extreme, as stated in vers. 12 and 13, yet they would be raised up as out of their graves, as promised in ver. 14. Verses 10, 11. - Israel had shown contempt for Jehovah by putting confidence in kings of their own choice, yet these kings could not afford them help, whence the questions of ver. 10. The usual rendering is at fault. I will be thy King. This should rather be, Where now is thy king? though ehi may be either verb or adverb. Where is any other that may says thee in all thy cities? Better take both clauses together and in connection, thus: Where, now, is thy king, that he may save thee in all thy cities?

(1) The word ehi we take, with Ewald, to be a dialectic variation for אֵיַּה, or shortened form אֵי, and this is strengthened by אֵפוא, equivalent to the Greek ποτε or Latin tandem, for sake of emphasis. The purpose for which the Israelites had asked a king was that he might "judge them and go out before them to fight their battles" (1 Samuel 8:20). The question, then, does not indicate the want of a king, or the prevalence of a state of anarchy, but that a crisis had come when such a king as they had requested should exhibit his prowess and display his power. It is as though the prophet asked, or rather God by his servant," Where is now the king that can defend the besieged cities, or deliver the attacked fortresses; and defeat the Assyrian foeman who is now threatening both? Or where are the judges (shophetim), or the princes (sarim), who constitute his cabinet or royal counselors sharing in the counsels of state, and administering the affairs of the kingdom under him?" The answer implied is that those visible helps, on which Israel had so confidently calculated, turned out valueless; the kingly constitution on which they had set their heart proved a failure, as far as help and deliverance were concerned.

(2) Kimchi and others take אהי as first person future of the verb היה; thus: "I shall be established for ever, but where is thy king? Whereas thou didst reject my kingdom, and demanded a king who should save you; and it should be he that would save you in all your cities against which the enemies came." I will be thy King, where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities?.... Governor, Protector, and Defender; and so confirming what is before said, that their help was in him: or, as the Targum, Abarbinel, and others (n), "where is thy king now, that he may serve thee in all thy cities?" whom they had asked, rejecting the Lord, and in whom they had put their trust and confidence for help; and now either having no king, he being taken away from them by death, or by the enemy; or if they had, he being unable to help them in their distress; they are ironically asked where he was, that he might exert himself and save them, if he could, in all the cities of the land, where the enemy were come, a, a had besieged and took them:

and thy judges, of whom thou saidst give me a king and princes? that is; where are thy king and his nobles, his courtiers and his counsellors, and all judges, magistrates, and governors subordinate to him? let them arise for thy help, if they can, by their policy or power, by their counsel, or by their arms; for judges and princes design such as were of the king's court and council, or acted in government under his direction and influence; for though these are not expressly mentioned, when they asked for a king, yet are implied; since there is no king without a court and nobles to attend him, to advise with, and to act under him. This refers to the story in 1 Samuel 8:6, &c. and seems to be the leading step to Israel's ruin and destruction as a state.

(n) "ubi Rex tuus", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Zanchius, Liveleus, Drusius, Cocceius, Schmidt, Targum. So Noldius, Concord. Ebr. Part. p. 101. No. 496. 10. I will be thy king; where—rather, as the Margin and the Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate, "Where now is thy king?" [Maurer]. English Version is, however, favored both by the Hebrew, by the antithesis between Israel's self-chosen and perishing kings, and God, Israel's abiding King (compare Ho 3:4, 5).

where … Give me a king—Where now is the king whom ye substituted in My stead? Neither Saul, whom the whole nation begged for, not contented with Me their true king (1Sa 8:5, 7, 19, 20; 10:19), nor Jeroboam, whom subsequently the ten tribes chose instead of the line of David My anointed, can save thee now. They had expected from their kings what is the prerogative of God alone, namely, the power of saving them.

judges—including all civil authorities under the king (compare Am 2:3).13:9-16 Israel had destroyed himself by his rebellion; but he could not save himself, his help was from the Lord only. This may well be applied to the case of spiritual redemption, from that lost state into which all have fallen by wilful sins. God often gives in displeasure what we sinfully desire. It is the happiness of the saints, that, whether God gives or takes away, all is in love. But it is the misery of the wicked, that, whether God gives or takes away, it is all in wrath, nothing is comfortable. Except sinners repent and believe the gospel, anguish will soon come upon them. The prophecy of the ruin of Israel as a nation, also showed there would be a merciful and powerful interposition of God, to save a remnant of them. Yet this was but a shadow of the ransom of the true Israel, by the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ. He will destroy death and the grave. The Lord would not repent of his purpose and promise. Yet, in the mean time, Israel would be desolated for her sins. Without fruitfulness in good works, springing from the Holy Spirit, all other fruitfulness will be found as empty as the uncertain riches of the world. The wrath of God will wither its branches, its sprigs shall be dried up, it shall come to nothing. Woes, more terrible than any from the most cruel warfare, shall fall on those who rebel against God. From such miseries, and from sin, the cause of them, may the Lord deliver us.
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