Hosea 12:2
New International Version
The LORD has a charge to bring against Judah; he will punish Jacob according to his ways and repay him according to his deeds.

New Living Translation
Now the LORD is bringing charges against Judah. He is about to punish Jacob for all his deceitful ways, and pay him back for all he has done.

English Standard Version
The LORD has an indictment against Judah and will punish Jacob according to his ways; he will repay him according to his deeds.

Berean Study Bible
The LORD also brings a charge against Judah. He will punish Jacob according to his ways and repay him according to his deeds.

New American Standard Bible
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him according to his deeds.

King James Bible
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah. He is about to punish Jacob according to his conduct; he will repay him based on his actions.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD also brings charges against the people of Judah, the descendants of Jacob. He will punish them for what they have done.

Good News Translation
The LORD has an accusation to bring against the people of Judah; he is also going to punish Israel for the way her people act. He will pay them back for what they have done.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah. He is about to punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him based on his actions.

International Standard Version
The LORD accuses Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; he will repay him for what he does.

NET Bible
The LORD also has a covenant lawsuit against Judah; he will punish Jacob according to his ways and repay him according to his deeds.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD also has a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways and according to his deeds he will repay him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD brings charges against Judah and punishes Jacob because of the way their people act. He will pay them back for what they have done.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways, According to his doings will He recompense him.

New American Standard 1977
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him according to his deeds.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The LORD also has a controversy with Judah to visit Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

King James 2000 Bible
The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his deeds will he recompense him.

American King James Version
The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

American Standard Version
Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lord has a controversy with Juda, in order to punish Jacob: according to his ways and according to his practices will he recompense him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore there is a judgment of the Lord with Juda, and a visitation for Jacob: he will render to him according to his ways, and according to his devices.

Darby Bible Translation
Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and he will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

English Revised Version
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

World English Bible
Yahweh also has a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his deeds he will repay him.

Young's Literal Translation
And a controversy hath Jehovah with Judah, To lay a charge on Jacob according to his ways, According to his doings He returneth to him.
Study Bible
A Reproof of Ephraim, Judah, Jacob
1Ephraim chases the wind and pursues the east wind all day long; he multiplies lies and violence; he makes a covenant with Assyria and sends olive oil to Egypt. 2The LORD also brings a charge against Judah. He will punish Jacob according to his ways and repay him according to his deeds. 3In the womb he grasped his brother’s heel, and in his vigor he wrestled with God.…
Cross References
Hosea 4:1
Hear the word of the LORD, O children of Israel, for the LORD has a case against the inhabitants of the land: There is no truth, no loving devotion, and no knowledge of God in the land!

Hosea 4:9
And it shall be like people, like priest. I will punish both of them for their ways and repay them for their deeds.

Hosea 7:2
But they fail to consider in their hearts that I remember all their evil. Now their deeds are all around them; they are before My face.

Hosea 9:15
All their evil appears at Gilgal, for there I hated them. I will drive them from My house for the wickedness of their deeds. I will no longer love them; all their leaders are rebellious.

Amos 2:4
This is what the LORD says: "For three transgressions of Judah, even four, I will not revoke My judgment, because they have rejected the law of the LORD and have not kept His statutes; they have been led astray by the lies in which their forefathers walked.

Micah 6:2
Hear, O mountains, the LORD's indictment, you enduring foundations of the earth. For the LORD has a case against His people, and He will argue it against Israel.

Treasury of Scripture

The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

a controversy.

Hosea 4:1
Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.

Jeremiah 25:31
A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.

Micah 6:2
Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.

and will.

2 Kings 17:19,20
Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made…

Isaiah 8:7,8
Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: …

Isaiah 10:6
I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.

punish.

Hosea 2:13
And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the LORD.

Hosea 8:13
They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of mine offerings, and eat it; but the LORD accepteth them not; now will he remember their iniquity, and visit their sins: they shall return to Egypt.

Hosea 9:9
They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: therefore he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.

according to his doings.

Isaiah 3:11
Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.

Isaiah 59:18
According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.

Matthew 16:27
For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.







Lexicon
The LORD also [brings]
לַֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3069: YHWH

a charge
וְרִ֥יב (wə·rîḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7379: Strife, dispute

against
עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

Judah.
יְהוּדָ֑ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

He will punish
וְלִפְקֹ֤ד (wə·lip̄·qōḏ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6485: To visit, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit

Jacob
יַעֲקֹב֙ (ya·‘ă·qōḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3290: Jacob -- a son of Isaac, also his desc

according to his ways
כִּדְרָכָ֔יו (kiḏ·rā·ḵāw)
Preposition-k | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

and repay
יָשִׁ֥יב (yā·šîḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

him
לֽוֹ׃ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

according to his deeds.
כְּמַעֲלָלָ֖יו (kə·ma·‘ă·lā·lāw)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4611: A deed, practice
(2) Jacob refers to the northern kingdom.

Verse 2. - The Lord hath also a controversy with Judah; and will punish (margin, visit upon) Jacob according to his ways. God here presents himself at once as plaintiff and judge, widening the range of his pleadings. The controversy with Israel takes a wider sweep, and comprehends Judah culpable, though apparently in a less degree. But though Judah comes in for a share of punishment, that punishment shall be proportionate to their delinquencies - those like Judah that sinned less shall suffer less; while the more heinous transgressors, such as Israel had proved to be, would come in for severer punishment. To Jacob, here embracing the ten tribes of Israel and the two of Judah, the chastisement would be meted out in exact accordance with his ways. The apparent contradiction between ver. 12 of last chapter, where, as most translate it, Judah is represented as ruling with God and being faithful with the saints, and the present inclusion of Judah in controversy with Jehovah, occasioned

(1) a rendering and explanation of this verse which Aben Ezra declares to be both ungrammatical and unscriptural. "He" says Aben Ezra." who explains that Judah is faithful and he shall be reproving, and asserts that Scripture makes no mention of Jehovah having a controversy against Judah, but [employs] עם the sense being that Jehovah and Judah have a strife against Ephraim, errs from the way of Scripture and grammar, for the prophet has written above (ver. 13), 'Judah saw his wound;' 'I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plough;' and in reference to both of them he says,' Ye shall eat the fruit of lies.' He also forgets 'The herdmen of Gerar did strive with (עם) Isaac's herdmen;' 'And the people strove with Moses;' and many other places [i.e. where עם is found with the sense of 'contending']. Therefore he joins Ephraim with Judah, and says, 'The Lord hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways, because this name (i.e. Jacob) comprehends them both (Ephraim and Judah)."

(2) The meaning is given concisely and correctly by Rashi thus: "He (Jehovah) announces to them the words of his controversy which their brethren of the house of Israel had caused him; and they should not wonder if he would punish (literally, 'visit on') Jacob according to his ways." The change in the case of Judah, Kimchi accounts for by reference to their subsequent apostasy, especially that of their kings, as follows: "Although he said, 'And Judah yet reigneth with God,' he meant, although be holds fast by the service of God in the house of the sanctuary; so afterwards they practiced evil deeds as their kings were evil; therefore he said,' Jehovah has a controversy and correction with Judah and Jacob to visit upon them according to their doings, as their kings were evil, for they did not remember my mercy with them and with their father Jacob, because the whole was for sake of his posterity; and I showed him a sign which should be to his seed after him, if they gave their heart to me.... And the sign which I showed them is only done for sake of his seed. But they have not acknowledged this, for if they had acknowledged this, they would have cleaved to me and my service, and I would have ratified to them the blessing of Jacob their father.'" The infinitive with le is not infrequently employed in the sense of our future, thus, לפקד, it is to be visited, equivalent to "he shall or must visit upon it' This idiom is common in Syriac, but always with atid. According to his doings will he recompense him. The milder expression is applied to Judah - he has a controversy with him, but will punish Jacob, restricted by some to Ephraim or the ten tribes. Better understand Jacob of both Judah and Israel, who are both to be recompensed, each according to his works. 12:1-6 Ephraim feeds himself with vain hopes of help from man, when he is at enmity with God. The Jews vainly thought to secure the Egyptians by a present of the produce of their country. Judah is contended with also. God sees the sin of his own people, and will reckon with them for it. They are put in mind of what Jacob did, and what God did for him. When his faith upon the Divine promise prevailed above his fears, then by his strength he had power with God. He is Jehovah, the same that was, and is, and is to come. What was a revelation of God to one, is his memorial to many, to all generations. Then let those who have gone from God, be turned to him. Turn thou to the Lord, by repentance and faith, as thy God. Let those that are converted to him, walk with him in all holy conversation and godliness. Let us wrestle with Him for promised blessings, determined not to give over till we prevail; and let us seek Him in his ordinances.
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