Psalm 9:3
New International Version
My enemies turn back; they stumble and perish before you.

New Living Translation
My enemies retreated; they staggered and died when you appeared.

English Standard Version
When my enemies turn back, they stumble and perish before your presence.

Berean Study Bible
When my enemies retreat, they stumble and perish before You.

King James Bible
When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at thy presence.

New King James Version
When my enemies turn back, They shall fall and perish at Your presence.

New American Standard Bible
When my enemies turn back, They stumble and perish before You.

NASB 1995
When my enemies turn back, They stumble and perish before You.

NASB 1977
When my enemies turn back, They stumble and perish before Thee.

Amplified Bible
When my enemies turn back, They stumble and perish before You.

Christian Standard Bible
When my enemies retreat, they stumble and perish before you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When my enemies retreat, they stumble and perish before You.

American Standard Version
When mine enemies turn back, They stumble and perish at thy presence.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
When mine enemies are turned back, they shall be feeble and perish at thy presence.

Contemporary English Version
When my enemies face you, they run away and stumble and are destroyed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When my enemy shall be turned back: they shall be weakened and perish before thy face.

English Revised Version
When mine enemies turn back, they stumble and perish at thy presence.

Good News Translation
My enemies turn back when you appear; they fall down and die.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When my enemies retreat, they will stumble and die in your presence.

International Standard Version
When my enemies turn back, they will stumble and perish before you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When mine enemies are turned back, They stumble and perish at Thy presence;

Literal Standard Version
In my enemies turning backward, "" They stumble and perish from Your face.

NET Bible
When my enemies turn back, they trip and are defeated before you.

New Heart English Bible
When my enemies turn back, they stumble and perish in your presence.

World English Bible
When my enemies turn back, they stumble and perish in your presence.

Young's Literal Translation
In mine enemies turning backward, they stumble and perish from Thy face.

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
I Will Give Thanks to the LORD
2I will be glad and rejoice in You; I will sing praise to Your name, O Most High. 3When my enemies retreat, they stumble and perish before You. 4For You have upheld my just cause; You sit on Your throne judging righteously.…

Cross References
Psalm 27:2
When the wicked came upon me to devour my flesh, my enemies and foes stumbled and fell.

Psalm 56:9
Then my enemies will retreat on the day I cry for help. By this I will know that God is on my side.

Psalm 64:8
They will be made to stumble, their own tongues turned against them. All who see will shake their heads.

Psalm 68:2
As smoke is blown away, You will drive them out; as wax melts before the fire, the wicked will perish in the presence of God.


Treasury of Scripture

When my enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at your presence.

they shall

Psalm 68:1,2
To the chief Musician, A Psalm or Song of David. Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him…

Psalm 76:7
Thou, even thou, art to be feared: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?

Psalm 80:16
It is burned with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.









(3) When.--Literally, in the turning of mine enemies back, which may be either when they turned, or because they turned, or possibly with both ideas combined. The older versions have when. Psalm 9:2-3 form one sentence, "I will be glad and rejoice in thee . . . when mine enemies are turned back, (when) they fall and perish at thy presence."

Fall.--Better, stumble through weakness. So the LXX., "are weak."

Verse 3. - When mine enemies are turned back; or, because mine enemies are turned back ('Speaker's Commentary'); i.e. made to retreat, repulsed, driven before me in hasty flight. They shall fall and perish at thy presence; or, they stumble and perish, etc. The psalmist represents the enemy, poetically, "as if they had been thrown to the ground by the glance of God's fiery countenance" (Hengstenberg).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
When my enemies
אוֹיְבַ֥י (’ō·wy·ḇay)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

retreat,
בְּשׁוּב־ (bə·šūḇ-)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

they stumble
יִכָּשְׁל֥וּ (yik·kā·šə·lū)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3782: To totter, waver, to falter, stumble, faint, fall

and perish
וְ֝יֹאבְד֗וּ (wə·yō·ḇə·ḏū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6: To wander away, lose oneself, to perish

before You.
מִפָּנֶֽיךָ׃ (mip·pā·ne·ḵā)
Preposition-m | Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face


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OT Poetry: Psalm 9:3 When my enemies turn back they stumble (Psalm Ps Psa.)
Psalm 9:2
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