2 Samuel 22:38
New International Version
“I pursued my enemies and crushed them; I did not turn back till they were destroyed.

New Living Translation
“I chased my enemies and destroyed them; I did not stop until they were conquered.

English Standard Version
I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, and did not turn back until they were consumed.

Berean Study Bible
I pursued my enemies and destroyed them; I did not turn back until they were consumed.

King James Bible
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

New King James Version
“I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them; Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.

New American Standard Bible
“I pursued my enemies and eliminated them, And I did not turn back until they were finished off.

NASB 1995
“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, And I did not turn back until they were consumed.

NASB 1977
“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, And I did not turn back until they were consumed.

Amplified Bible
“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, And I did not turn back until they were consumed (eliminated).

Christian Standard Bible
I pursue my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until they are wiped out.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I pursue my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until they are wiped out.

American Standard Version
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; Neither did I turn again till they were consumed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I shall chase my enemies and I shall overtake them and I shall not return until I will finish them

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I will pursue my enemies, and will utterly destroy them; and I will not turn again till I have consumed them.

Contemporary English Version
I kept chasing my enemies until I caught them and destroyed them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will pursue after my enemies, and crush them: and will not return again till I consume them.

English Revised Version
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; neither did I turn again till they were consumed.

Good News Translation
I pursue my enemies and defeat them; I do not stop until I destroy them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I chased my enemies and destroyed them. I did not return until I had ended their lives.

International Standard Version
I pursued my enemies and conquered them; I didn't return until they were consumed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; Neither did I turn back till they were consumed.

Literal Standard Version
I pursue my enemies and destroy them, And I do not turn until they are consumed.

NET Bible
I chase my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until I wipe them out.

New Heart English Bible
I pursued my enemies and overtook them, and I did not turn back until they were destroyed.

World English Bible
I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them. I didn't turn again until they were consumed.

Young's Literal Translation
I pursue mine enemies and destroy them, And I turn not till they are consumed.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Song of Deliverance
37You broaden the path beneath me so that my ankles do not give way. 38I pursued my enemies and destroyed them; I did not turn back until they were consumed. 39I devoured and crushed them so they could not rise; they have fallen under my feet.…

Cross References
Exodus 15:9
The enemy declared, 'I will pursue, I will overtake. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword; my hand will destroy them.'

2 Samuel 22:39
I devoured and crushed them so they could not rise; they have fallen under my feet.


Treasury of Scripture

I have pursued my enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

2 Samuel 5:18-25
The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim…

2 Samuel 8:1,2,13,14
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines…

2 Samuel 10:14
And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.









(38) Destroyed them.--In the psalm, "overtaken them," an expression intended to suggest the same thing as the plain expression here. The second clauses are identical in the original.

Verses 38-40. -

"I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them;
Neither did I turn again until I had consumed them.
And I have consumed them, and smitten them through, and they arose not;
Yea, they fell under my feet.
For thou hast girded me with strength unto the battle;
Thou hast made them that rose against me to bow under me."
In the Psalms, for destroyed we find "overtaken," and the second "I have consumed them" is omitted. This exultation of David at the result of his wars is in accordance with the harsh treatment inflicted by him upon the vanquished. His enemies were God's enemies, whom he must consume. The "new commandment" of Christianity forbids and condemns this delight in conquest. Vers. 41-43. -

"And mine enemies thou hast made to turn upon me their back,
Even those that hate me; and have utterly destroyed them.
They looked, but there was none to save,
Even to Jehovah, but he answered them not.
And I beat them small as the dust of the earth;
As the mire of the streets I stamped upon them, I trode them down."
Those that hate me. The sentence is to be completed from the previous clause, "my haters" and "my enemies" being equivalent. There are several small variations between the text here and in Psalm 18, such as "they cried" for they looked; and "I emptied them out" for I stamped upon them, the difference in both cases consisting in a single letter.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
I pursued
אֶרְדְּפָ֥ה (’er·də·p̄āh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

my enemies
אֹיְבַ֖י (’ō·yə·ḇay)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's 341: Hating, an adversary

and destroyed them;
וָאַשְׁמִידֵ֑ם (wā·’aš·mî·ḏêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 8045: To be exterminated or destroyed

I did not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

turn back
אָשׁ֖וּב (’ā·šūḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

they were consumed.
כַּלּוֹתָֽם׃ (kal·lō·w·ṯām)
Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3615: To be complete, at an end, finished, accomplished, or spent


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OT History: 2 Samuel 22:38 I have pursued my enemies and destroyed (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 22:37
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