2 Samuel 22:38
New International Version
"I pursued my enemies and crushed them; I did not turn back till they were destroyed.

New Living Translation
"I chased my enemies and destroyed them; I did not stop until they were conquered.

English Standard Version
I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, and did not turn back until they were consumed.

Berean Study Bible
I pursued my enemies and destroyed them; I did not turn back until they were consumed.

New American Standard Bible
"I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, And I did not turn back until they were consumed.

King James Bible
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

Christian Standard Bible
I pursue my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until they are wiped out.

Contemporary English Version
I kept chasing my enemies until I caught them and destroyed them.

Good News Translation
I pursue my enemies and defeat them; I do not stop until I destroy them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I pursue my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until they are wiped out.

International Standard Version
I pursued my enemies and conquered them; I didn't return until they were consumed.

NET Bible
I chase my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until I wipe them out.

New Heart English Bible
I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them. I did not turn again until they were consumed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I chased my enemies and destroyed them. I did not return until I had ended their lives.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; Neither did I turn back till they were consumed.

New American Standard 1977
“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, And I did not turn back until they were consumed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them and did not return until I had consumed them.

King James 2000 Bible
I have pursued my enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

American King James Version
I have pursued my enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

American Standard Version
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; Neither did I turn again till they were consumed.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I will pursue my enemies, and will utterly destroy them; and I will not turn again till I have consumed them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will pursue after my enemies, and crush them: and will not return again till I consume them.

Darby Bible Translation
I pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them, And I turned not again till they were consumed.

English Revised Version
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; neither did I turn again till they were consumed.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have pursued my enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

World English Bible
I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them. I didn't turn again until they were consumed.

Young's Literal Translation
I pursue mine enemies and destroy them, And I turn not till they are consumed.
Study Bible
David's Song of Deliverance
37You broaden the path beneath me so that my ankles do not give way. 38I pursued my enemies and destroyed them; I did not turn back until they were consumed. 39I devoured and crushed them so they could not rise; they have fallen under my feet.…
Cross References
Exodus 15:9
The enemy declared, 'I will pursue, I will overtake. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword; my hand will destroy them.'

2 Samuel 22:39
I devoured and crushed them so they could not rise; they have fallen under my feet.

Treasury of Scripture

I have pursued my enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

2 Samuel 5:18-25
The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim…

2 Samuel 8:1,2,13,14
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines…

2 Samuel 10:14
And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.







Lexicon
I pursued
אֶרְדְּפָ֥ה (’er·də·p̄āh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

my enemies
אֹיְבַ֖י (’ō·yə·ḇay)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

and destroyed them;
וָאַשְׁמִידֵ֑ם (wā·’aš·mî·ḏêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8045: To be exterminated or destroyed

I did not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

turn back
אָשׁ֖וּב (’ā·šūḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

they were consumed.
כַּלּוֹתָֽם׃ (kal·lō·w·ṯām)
Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3615: To be complete, at an end, finished, accomplished, or spent
(38) Destroyed them.--In the psalm, "overtaken them," an expression intended to suggest the same thing as the plain expression here. The second clauses are identical in the original.

Verses 38-40. -

"I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them;
Neither did I turn again until I had consumed them.
And I have consumed them, and smitten them through, and they arose not;
Yea, they fell under my feet.
For thou hast girded me with strength unto the battle;
Thou hast made them that rose against me to bow under me."
In the Psalms, for destroyed we find "overtaken," and the second "I have consumed them" is omitted. This exultation of David at the result of his wars is in accordance with the harsh treatment inflicted by him upon the vanquished. His enemies were God's enemies, whom he must consume. The "new commandment" of Christianity forbids and condemns this delight in conquest. Vers. 41-43. -

"And mine enemies thou hast made to turn upon me their back,
Even those that hate me; and have utterly destroyed them.
They looked, but there was none to save,
Even to Jehovah, but he answered them not.
And I beat them small as the dust of the earth;
As the mire of the streets I stamped upon them, I trode them down."
Those that hate me. The sentence is to be completed from the previous clause, "my haters" and "my enemies" being equivalent. There are several small variations between the text here and in Psalm 18, such as "they cried" for they looked; and "I emptied them out" for I stamped upon them, the difference in both cases consisting in a single letter. 22:1-51 David's psalm of thanksgiving. - This chapter is a psalm of praise; we find it afterwards nearly as Ps 18. They that trust God in the way of duty, shall find him a present help in their greatest dangers: David did so. Remarkable preservations should be particularly mentioned in our praises. We shall never be delivered from all enemies till we get to heaven. God will preserve all his people, 2Ti 4:18. Those who receive signal mercies from God, ought to give him the glory. In the day that God delivered David, he sang this song. While the mercy is fresh, and we are most affected with it, let the thank-offering be brought, to be kindled with the fire of that affection. All his joys and hopes close, as all our hopes should do, in the great Redeemer.
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OT History: 2 Samuel 22:38 I have pursued my enemies and destroyed (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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