Psalm 120:7
New International Version
I am for peace; but when I speak, they are for war.

New Living Translation
I search for peace; but when I speak of peace, they want war!

English Standard Version
I am for peace, but when I speak, they are for war!

Berean Study Bible
I am in favor of peace; but when I speak, they want war.

New American Standard Bible
I am for peace, but when I speak, They are for war.

King James Bible
I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

Christian Standard Bible
I am for peace; but when I speak, they are for war.

Contemporary English Version
I am in favor of peace, but when I speak of it, all they want is war.

Good News Translation
When I speak of peace, they are for war.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I am for peace; but when I speak, they are for war.

International Standard Version
I am in favor of peace; but when I speak, they are in favor of war.

NET Bible
I am committed to peace, but when I speak, they want to make war.

New Heart English Bible
I am for peace, but when I speak, they are for war.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And I have spoken peace and they have been fighting with me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I am for peace, but when I talk about it, they only talk about war.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I am all peace; But when I speak, they are for war.

New American Standard 1977
I am for peace, but when I speak, They are for war.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I am for peace; but when I speak, they are for war.

King James 2000 Bible
I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

American King James Version
I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

American Standard Version
I am for peace: But when I speak, they are for war.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I was peaceable among them that hated peace; when I spoke to them, they warred against me without a cause.

Douay-Rheims Bible
With them that hate peace I was peaceable: when I spoke to them they fought against me without cause.

Darby Bible Translation
I [am for] peace; but when I speak, they [are] for war.

English Revised Version
I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

Webster's Bible Translation
I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

World English Bible
I am for peace, but when I speak, they are for war. A Song of Ascents.

Young's Literal Translation
I am peace, and when I speak they are for war!
Study Bible
In My Distress I Cried to the LORD
6Too long have I dwelt among those who hate peace. 7I am in favor of peace; but when I speak, they want war.
Cross References
Psalm 55:20
My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant.

Psalm 55:21
His speech is smooth as butter, but war is in his heart. His words are softer than oil, yet they are swords unsheathed.

Psalm 109:4
In return for my love they accuse me, but I am a man of prayer.

Micah 2:8
But of late my people have risen up like an enemy: You strip off the splendid robe from unsuspecting passers-by like men returning from battle.

Treasury of Scripture

I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

for peace.

Psalm 34:14
Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.

Psalm 35:20
For they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land.

Psalm 55:20
He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

when

1 Samuel 24:9-11
And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt? …

1 Samuel 26:2-4
Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph…







Lexicon
I
אֲ‍ֽנִי־ (’ănî·šā-)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

[am in favor of] peace;
שָׁ֭לוֹם (lō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

but when
וְכִ֣י (wə·ḵî)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

I speak,
אֲדַבֵּ֑ר (’ă·ḏab·bêr)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

they
הֵ֝֗מָּה (hêm·māh)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

[want] war.
לַמִּלְחָמָֽה׃ (lam·mil·ḥā·māh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war
(7) I am for peace.--For the pregnant, "I peace," see Note, Psalm 109:3. Both pronouns, I and they, are emphatic. No doubt these verses are intended to indicate the nature of the malicious speeches mentioned in Psalm 120:2-3. We imagine Israel in peculiarly difficult political relations under the Persians, possibly very soon after the Return, trying to keep in favour and peace with the ruling powers, but continually drawn into trouble by the jealousy and bitterness of other subject tribes. (See Introduction.)

Verse 7. - I am for peace; literally, I am peace; but the meaning is as given in the Authorized Version. But when I speak (i.e. when I speak to them of peace), they are for war; i.e. they are utterly averse to peace, and are bent on continual hostility. The general history bears out this statement. There is only one apparent exception. When the Jews returned from the Captivity and began to build the temple, the Samaritans offered to join with them (Ezra 4:2). But the Samaritan offer was, perhaps, insincere. At any rate, when it was refused, they became the most bitter opponents of the Jews.



120:5-7 It is very grievous to a good man, to be cast into, and kept in the company of the wicked, from whom he hopes to be for ever separated. See here the character of a good man; he is for living peaceably with all men. And let us follow David as he prefigured Christ; in our distress let us cry unto the Lord, and he will hear us. Let us follow after peace and holiness, striving to overcome evil with good.
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