Psalm 18:40
New International Version
You made my enemies turn their backs in flight, and I destroyed my foes.

New Living Translation
You placed my foot on their necks. I have destroyed all who hated me.

English Standard Version
You made my enemies turn their backs to me, and those who hated me I destroyed.

Berean Study Bible
You have made my enemies retreat before me; I put an end to those who hated me.

King James Bible
Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

New King James Version
You have also given me the necks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those who hated me.

New American Standard Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me.

NASB 1995
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me.

NASB 1977
Thou hast also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me.

Amplified Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me [in defeat], And I silenced and destroyed those who hated me.

Christian Standard Bible
You have made my enemies retreat before me; I annihilate those who hate me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have made my enemies retreat before me; I annihilate those who hate me.

American Standard Version
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, That I might cut off them that hate me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you will break my enemies in front of me and I shall silence those who hate me.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou has made mine enemies turn their backs before me; and thou hast destroyed them that hated me.

Contemporary English Version
You made my enemies run, and I killed them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou hast made my enemies turn their back upon me, and hast destroyed them that hated me.

English Revised Version
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, that I might cut off them that hate me.

Good News Translation
You make my enemies run from me; I destroy those who hate me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You made my enemies turn their backs to me, and I destroyed those who hated me.

International Standard Version
You have made my enemies turn their back to me, and I will destroy those who hate me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, And I did cut off them that hate me.

Literal Standard Version
As for my enemies—You have given to me the neck, As for those hating me—I cut them off.

NET Bible
You make my enemies retreat; I destroy those who hate me.

New Heart English Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, that I might cut off those who hate me.

World English Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, that I might cut off those who hate me.

Young's Literal Translation
As to mine enemies -- Thou hast given to me the neck, As to those hating me -- I cut them off.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The LORD is My Rock
39You have armed me with strength for battle; You have subdued my foes beneath me. 40You have made my enemies retreat before me; I put an end to those who hated me. 41They cried for help, but there was no one to save them—to the LORD, but He did not answer.…

Cross References
Exodus 23:27
I will send My terror ahead of you and throw into confusion every nation you encounter. I will make all your enemies turn and run.

Psalm 21:12
For You will put them to flight when Your bow is trained upon them.

Psalm 89:23
I will crush his foes before him and strike down those who hate him.

Psalm 94:23
He will bring upon them their own iniquity and destroy them for their wickedness. The LORD our God will destroy them.

Psalm 118:10
All the nations surrounded me, but in the name of the LORD I cut them off.


Treasury of Scripture

You have also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

No entries for this verse









(40) Thou hast also given.--Literally, and as to mine enemies, thou gavest to me the back, which either means "turned to flight so that only their backs were visible" (Jeremiah 18:17 and Psalm 21:12), or alludes to the common symbolism of defeat--trampling on an enemy's neck.

Verse 40. - Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; i.e. "thou hast made them turn their backs upon me in flight" (comp. Exodus 23:27, where the same expression is used). That I might destroy them that hate me. David must not be supposed to speak from personal animosity. He expresses himself as the king of God's people, bound to do his utmost to protect them, and to deliver them from the enemies who "hate" him only because he is the leader and champion of his countrymen. The neighbouring nations in David's time seem to have been bent on the total extirpation of the Hebrew people.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
You have made
נָתַ֣תָּה (nā·ṯat·tāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

my enemies
וְֽאֹיְבַ֗י (wə·’ō·yə·ḇay)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's 341: Hating, an adversary

retreat
עֹ֑רֶף (‘ō·rep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6203: The nape, back of the neck, the back

before me;
לִּ֣י (lî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew

I put an end
אַצְמִיתֵֽם׃ (’aṣ·mî·ṯêm)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - first person common singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6789: To put an end to, exterminate

to those who hated me.
וּ֝מְשַׂנְאַ֗י (ū·mə·śan·’ay)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's 8130: To hate


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OT Poetry: Psalm 18:40 You have also made my enemies turn (Psalm Ps Psa.)
Psalm 18:39
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