Psalm 132:18
New International Version
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but his head will be adorned with a radiant crown."

New Living Translation
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but he will be a glorious king."

English Standard Version
His enemies I will clothe with shame, but on him his crown will shine.”

Berean Study Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown upon him will gleam.”

New American Standard Bible
"His enemies I will clothe with shame, But upon himself his crown shall shine."

King James Bible
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

Christian Standard Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown he wears will be glorious."

Contemporary English Version
and wear a sparkling crown. But I will disgrace their enemies."

Good News Translation
I will cover his enemies with shame, but his kingdom will prosper and flourish."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown he wears will be glorious."

International Standard Version
I will clothe his enemies with disgrace, but on him his crown will shine."

NET Bible
I will humiliate his enemies, and his crown will shine.

New Heart English Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but on himself, his crown will be resplendent."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And I shall clothe his enemies in shame, and upon him my holiness will flourish.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown on my anointed one will shine."

JPS Tanakh 1917
His enemies will I clothe with shame; But upon himself shall his crown shine.'

New American Standard 1977
“His enemies I will clothe with shame; But upon himself his crown shall shine.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
His enemies I will clothe with shame, but upon himself shall his crown blossom.

King James 2000 Bible
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

American King James Version
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but on himself shall his crown flourish.

American Standard Version
His enemies will I clothe with shame; But upon himself shall his crown flourish.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
His enemies will I clothe with a shame; but upon himself shall my holiness flourish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His enemies I will clothe with confusion: but upon him will my sanctification flourish.

Darby Bible Translation
His enemies will I clothe with shame; but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

English Revised Version
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

Webster's Bible Translation
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

World English Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but on himself, his crown will be resplendent." A Song of Ascents. By David.

Young's Literal Translation
His enemies I do clothe with shame, And upon him doth his crown flourish!
Study Bible
Remember David's Affliction
17There I will make a horn grow for David; I have prepared a lamp for My anointed one. 18I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown upon him will gleam.”
Cross References
Job 8:22
Your enemies will be clothed in shame, and the tent of the wicked will be no more."

Psalm 21:3
For You welcomed him with rich blessings; You placed on his head a crown of pure gold.

Psalm 35:26
May those who gloat in my distress be ashamed and confounded; may those who exalt themselves over me be clothed in shame and reproach.

Psalm 83:16
Cover their faces with shame, that they may seek Your name, O LORD.

Psalm 109:29
My accusers will be clothed with disgrace; they will wear their shame like a robe.

Treasury of Scripture

His enemies will I clothe with shame: but on himself shall his crown flourish.

his enemies

Psalm 21:8,9
Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee…

Psalm 35:26
Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at mine hurt: let them be clothed with shame and dishonour that magnify themselves against me.

Psalm 109:29
Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle.

but upon

Psalm 72:8-11
He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth…

Isaiah 9:6,7
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace…

Isaiah 58:10-12
And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the noonday: …







Lexicon
I will clothe
אַלְבִּ֣ישׁ (’al·bîš)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3847: Wrap around, to put on a, garment, clothe

his enemies
א֭וֹיְבָיו (’ō·wy·ḇāw)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

with shame,
בֹּ֑שֶׁת (bō·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1322: Shame, shameful thing

but the crown
נִזְרֽוֹ׃ (niz·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5145: Something set apart, dedication, unshorn locks, a chaplet

upon him
וְ֝עָלָ֗יו (wə·‘ā·lāw)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

will gleam.”
יָצִ֥יץ (yā·ṣîṣ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6692: To twinkle, glance, to blossom
(18) Crown (nezer).--As the distinctive use of this word in Israel--by its derivation meaning mark of separation--was for the golden plate, inscribed "Holiness to the Lord," worn on the high priest's mitre (see Exodus 29:6; Exodus 39:30), we cannot be wrong in seeing here a special allusion to the same. This allusion is rendered more probable by the use of the word rendered "flourish" (properly, shine), a cognate to which was the technical name given to this golden plate. (See the reference in Exodus 39, above.) It is also possibly alluded to in Psalm 89:39, the only other place in the psalms where the word occurs, though as the word is used of the royal crown in 2Samuel 1:10, &c, the allusion is not certain. But if the Maccabaean hypothesis is correct, the use of the word, instead of the more usual word for "crown," is interesting. "One relic of the ancient insignia has been preserved, which was probably prized as the most precious of all. It was the golden plate affixed to the turban, inscribed 'Holiness to Jehovah,' which was believed to have come down from the time of Aaron, and which, treasured through all the vicissitudes of the Jewish state, was carried to Rome by Titus, and seen there by the great Jewish Rabbi, in the time of Hadrian" (Stanley, J. C. 3:353).

Verse 18. - His enemies will I clothe with shame. David's "enemies" are those who oppress his "Seed," and will not have him to reign over them. All such will be "confounded and put to shame" (Psalm 35:4), "clothed with shame and dishonor" (Psalm 35:26). But upon himself shall his crown flourish. The true and the final Davidic representative is Christ, who "remaineth a King forever" (Psalm 29:10). On him his crown will ever flourish.



132:11-18 The Lord never turns from us when we plead the covenant with his anointed Prophet, Priest, and King. How vast is the love of God to man, that he should speak thus concerning his church! It is his desire to dwell with us; yet how little do we desire to dwell with him! He abode in Zion till the sins of Israel caused him to give them up to the spoilers. Forsake us not, O God, and deliver us not in like manner, sinful though we are. God's people have a special blessing on common enjoyments, and that blessing puts peculiar sweetness into them. Zion's poor have reason to be content with a little of this world, because they have better things prepared for them. God will abundantly bless the nourishment of the new man, and satisfy the poor in spirit with the bread of life. He gives more than we ask, and when he gives salvation, he will give abundant joy. God would bring to nothing every design formed to destroy the house of David, until King Messiah should arise out of it, to sit upon the throne of his Father. In him all the promises centre. His enemies, who will not have him to reign over them, shall at the last day be clothed with shame and confusion for ever.
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