Revelation 19:12
New International Version
His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.

New Living Translation
His eyes were like flames of fire, and on his head were many crowns. A name was written on him that no one understood except himself.

English Standard Version
His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself.

Berean Study Bible
He has eyes like blazing fire, and many royal crowns on His head. He has a name written on Him that only He Himself knows.

Berean Literal Bible
Now His eyes are like a flame of fire, and upon His head many diadems, having a name having been written, which no one except He Himself knows,

New American Standard Bible
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself.

King James Bible
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

Christian Standard Bible
His eyes were like a fiery flame, and many crowns were on his head. He had a name written that no one knows except himself.

Contemporary English Version
He had eyes like flames of fire, and he was wearing a lot of crowns. His name was written on him, but he was the only one who knew what the name meant.

Good News Translation
His eyes were like a flame of fire, and he wore many crowns on his head. He had a name written on him, but no one except himself knows what it is.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
His eyes were like a fiery flame, and many crowns were on His head. He had a name written that no one knows except Himself.

International Standard Version
His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many royal crowns. He has a name written on him that nobody knows except himself.

NET Bible
His eyes are like a fiery flame and there are many diadem crowns on his head. He has a name written that no one knows except himself.

New Heart English Bible
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He had a name written which no one knows but he himself.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his eyes were like flames of fire, and many diadems were upon his head and he had The Name written, which no one knew but he alone.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
His eyes are flames of fire. On his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him, but only he knows what it is.

New American Standard 1977
And His eyes are a flame of fire, and upon His head are many diadems; and He has a name written upon Him which no one knows except Himself.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And his eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no one has known, but he himself.

King James 2000 Bible
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

American King James Version
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

American Standard Version
And his eyes are a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems; and he hath a name written which no one knoweth but he himself.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many diadems, and he had a name written, which no man knoweth but himself.

Darby Bible Translation
And his eyes are a flame of fire, and upon his head many diadems, having a name written which no one knows but himself;

English Revised Version
And his eyes are a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems; and he hath a name written, which no one knoweth but he himself.

Webster's Bible Translation
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

Weymouth New Testament
His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many kingly crowns; and He has a name written upon Him which no one but He Himself knows.

World English Bible
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself.

Young's Literal Translation
and his eyes are as a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems -- having a name written that no one hath known, except himself,
Study Bible
The Rider on the White Horse
11Then I saw heaven standing open, and there before me was a white horse. And its rider is called Faithful and True. With righteousness He judges and wages war. 12He has eyes like blazing fire, and many royal crowns on His head. He has a name written on Him that only He Himself knows. 13He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and His name is The Word of God.…
Cross References
Proverbs 30:4
Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in His hands? Who has bound up the waters in His cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is the name of His Son--surely you know!

Daniel 10:6
His body was like beryl, his face like the brilliance of lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of polished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a multitude.

John 17:11
I will no longer be in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to You. Holy Father, protect them by Your name, the name You gave Me, so that they may be one as We are one.

John 17:12
While I was with them, I protected and preserved them by Your name, the name You gave Me. Not one of them has been lost, except the son of destruction, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.

Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.

Revelation 1:14
The hair of His head was white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes were like a blazing fire.

Revelation 2:17
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone inscribed with a new name, known only to the one who receives it.

Revelation 6:2
So I looked and saw a white horse, and its rider had a bow. And he was given a crown, and he rode out to overcome and conquer.

Revelation 12:3
Then another sign appeared in heaven: a huge red dragon with seven heads, ten horns, and seven royal crowns on his heads.

Revelation 19:16
And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh: King of kings and Lord of lords.

Treasury of Scripture

His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

eyes.

Revelation 1:14
His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;

Revelation 2:18
And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;

on his.

Revelation 6:2
And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.

Revelation 12:3
And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.

Revelation 13:1
And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.

a name.

Revelation 19:16
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

Revelation 2:17
He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

Revelation 3:12
Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.







Lexicon
He [has]
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

eyes
ὀφθαλμοὶ (ophthalmoi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3788: The eye; fig: the mind's eye. From optanomai; the eye; by implication, vision; figuratively, envy.

like
ὡς (hōs)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 5613: Probably adverb of comparative from hos; which how, i.e. In that manner.

blazing
φλὸξ (phlox)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5395: A flame. From a primary phlego; a blaze.

fire,
πυρός (pyros)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4442: Fire; the heat of the sun, lightning; fig: strife, trials; the eternal fire. A primary word; 'fire'.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

many
πολλά (polla)
Adjective - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4183: Much, many; often.

royal crowns
διαδήματα (diadēmata)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1238: A head-wreath, crown, diadem. From a compound of dia and deo; a 'diadem'.

on
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

head.
κεφαλὴν (kephalēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2776: From the primary kapto; the head, literally or figuratively.

He has
ἔχων (echōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

a name
ὄνομα (onoma)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3686: Name, character, fame, reputation. From a presumed derivative of the base of ginosko; a 'name'.

written [on Him]
γεγραμμένον (gegrammenon)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1125: A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively, to describe.

that
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

only
οὐδεὶς (oudeis)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3762: No one, none, nothing.

He Himself
αὐτός (autos)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

knows.
οἶδεν (oiden)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1492: To know, remember, appreciate.
(12, 13) His eyes were as a flame . . .--Or, rather, And His eyes are (as) a flame of fire, and upon His head many diadems--(He) having names written, and a name written which no one knows but He Himself--and clothed in a vesture dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. On the description here and in Revelation 19:5, comp. Notes on Revelation 1:14-16. There is no doubt who is before us in this vision. These flame-like eyes have been fixed upon the moving scenes of human life, and have been reading the hearts of men, and the true meaning of all events and actions. All things have been naked and open to the eyes of Him with Whom we have to do" (Hebrews 4:13). He wears many crowns--diadems--crowns rather of royalty than of victory. Some have thought that the crowns He wears are crowns taken from the heads of the kings who have made war with Him (Revelation 19:12-13, and Revelation 19:19). It is needless to suppose this; their crowns were His before they were discrowned. The diadems He wears proclaim that not only over a worldwide empire He is king, but of all nations He is truly king. He is not as an emperor among kings, the head of a federation of princedoms; but He is truly King--King of history, King of life, King of human hearts, King everywhere, over each realm and over all realms, King of kings, and Lord of lords. He has names written, and a name. The clause having "names written" is omitted in the English version. The authority for its insertion is not entirely satisfactory; but perhaps the balance of evidence is in its favour. He has many names which may be understood, besides a name which no one knows. This is fitting in One who is known to men as Shepherd, Redeemer, Saviour, Prince of Life, but the fulness of Whose love and power none can exhaust, and the depth of Whose wisdom none can fathom. "He knows our names. Thanks be to God, we cannot fathom the depths of His." There is more yet to be known of Him in the world to which we go. His vesture is dipped in blood. The prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 63:2) probably supplied the foundation of this description. (Comp. Revelation 19:15.) The blood-red vesture is a fit token of the work. He comes to destroy those that destroy the earth--to tread the winepress of the wrath of God; but we cannot forget that He who comes for this came first to shed His own blood. He is, too, "The Word of God." Again we hear this name; it is a name which is, besides other things, significant of Christ's mediating work. He is the Word who was with God, who was God, and who declares God to man. (Comp. John 1:1-4; John 3:13; John 14:9.) The title the Word, the Word of God--used here and in the Gospel of St. John (Revelation 1:2; John 1:1; 1John 1:1)--is a token of their common authorship. (See Introduction and Excursus A: The Doctrine of the Word, in Commentary on the Gospel.)

Verse 12. - His eyes were as a flame of fire; and his eyes [are] a flame of fire. Again as in Revelation 1:13. "Fire" is the type of purity and judgment (see Psalm 97:3; Isaiah 47:14; Isaiah 66:15; Amos 5:6; 1 Corinthians 3:13, etc.; Revelation 3:18). And on his head were many crowns; and upon his head [are] many diadems. Διαδήματα, " kingly crowns " (cf. Revelation 12:3; Revelation 13:1), because he now comes as a King to judgment. The plurality of "crowns" points to his character as King of kings (see Revelation 17:14; cf. Revelation 13:1). And he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself; hath a name... no, one knoweth. Evidently the "new name" of Revelation 3:12, the significance of which St. John is unable to comprehend (see on Revelation 2:7; 3:12). From the connection with the preceding clause, we naturally infer that this name was written upon his forehead (cf Revelation 7:3); 16:1); but the writer does not explicitly state this. In B, twenty-five cursives, and Syriac, the words, "names written and," are inserted before "name." 19:11-21 Christ, the glorious Head of the church, is described as on a white horse, the emblem of justice and holiness. He has many crowns, for he is King of kings, and Lord of lords. He is arrayed in a vesture dipped in his own blood, by which he purchased his power as Mediator; and in the blood of his enemies, over whom he always prevails. His name is The Word of God; a name none fully knows but himself; only this we know, that this Word was God manifest in the flesh; but his perfections cannot be fully understood by any creature. Angels and saints follow, and are like Christ in their armour of purity and righteousness. The threatenings of the written word he is going to execute on his enemies. The ensigns of his authority are his name; asserting his authority and power, warning the most powerful princes to submit, or they must fall before him. The powers of earth and hell make their utmost effort. These verses declare important events, foretold by the prophets. These persons were not excused because they did what their leaders bade them. How vain will be the plea of many sinners at the great day! We followed our guides; we did as we saw others do! God has given a rule to walk by, in his word; neither the example of the most, nor of the chief, must influence us contrary thereto: if we do as the most do, we must go where the most go, even into the burning lake.
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