Psalm 107:39
New International Version
Then their numbers decreased, and they were humbled by oppression, calamity and sorrow;

New Living Translation
When they decrease in number and become impoverished through oppression, trouble, and sorrow,

English Standard Version
When they are diminished and brought low through oppression, evil, and sorrow,

Berean Study Bible
When they are decreased and humbled by oppression, evil, and sorrow,

New American Standard Bible
When they are diminished and bowed down Through oppression, misery and sorrow,

King James Bible
Again, they are minished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

Christian Standard Bible
When they are diminished and are humbled by cruel oppression and sorrow,

Contemporary English Version
Sometimes you may be crushed by troubles and sorrows, until only a few of you are left to survive.

Good News Translation
When God's people were defeated and humiliated by cruel oppression and suffering,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When they are diminished and are humbled by cruel oppression and sorrow,

International Standard Version
But they became few in number, and humiliated by continued oppression, agony, and sorrow.

NET Bible
As for their enemies, they decreased in number and were beaten down, because of painful distress and suffering.

New Heart English Bible
Again, they are diminished and bowed down through oppression, trouble, and sorrow.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they decreased and they were humbled in the abundance of evil and of misery.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They became few in number and were humiliated because of oppression, disaster, and sorrow.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Again, they are minished and dwindle away Through oppression of evil and sorrow.

New American Standard 1977
When they are diminished and bowed down Through oppression, misery, and sorrow,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Again, they are diminished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

King James 2000 Bible
Again, they are diminished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

American King James Version
Again, they are diminished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

American Standard Version
Again, they are diminished and bowed down Through oppression, trouble, and sorrow.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Again they become few, and are brought low, by the pressure of evils and pain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then they were brought to be few: and they were afflicted through the trouble of evils and sorrow.

Darby Bible Translation
And they are diminished and brought low, through oppression, adversity, and sorrow:

English Revised Version
Again, they are minished and bowed down through oppression, trouble, and sorrow.

Webster's Bible Translation
Again, they are diminished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

World English Bible
Again, they are diminished and bowed down through oppression, trouble, and sorrow.

Young's Literal Translation
And they are diminished, and bow down, By restraint, evil, and sorrow.
Study Bible
Give Thanks to the LORD, for He is Good
38He blesses them, and they multiply greatly; He does not let their herds diminish. 39When they are decreased and humbled by oppression, evil, and sorrow, 40He pours contempt on the nobles and makes them wander a pathless wasteland.…
Cross References
2 Kings 10:32
In those days the LORD began to reduce the size of Israel. Hazael defeated the Israelites throughout their territory

Psalm 38:6
I am bent and brought low; all day long I go about mourning.

Psalm 44:25
For our soul has sunk to the dust; our bodies cling to the earth.

Psalm 57:6
They spread a net for my feet; my soul was despondent. They dug a pit before me, but they themselves have fallen into it! Selah

Ezekiel 5:11
Therefore as surely as I live, declares the Lord GOD, because you have defiled My sanctuary with all your detestable idols and abominations, I Myself will withdraw My favor; I will not look upon you with pity, nor will I spare you.

Ezekiel 29:15
Egypt will be the lowliest of kingdoms and will never again exalt itself above the nations. For I will diminish Egypt so that it will never again rule over the nations.

Treasury of Scripture

Again, they are diminished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

again.

they are

Psalm 30:6,7
And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved…

Genesis 45:11
And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty.

Ruth 1:20,21
And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me…

oppression

Exodus 1:13,14
And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: …

Exodus 2:23,24
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage…

Judges 6:3-6
And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them; …







Lexicon
When they are decreased
וַיִּמְעֲט֥וּ (way·yim·‘ă·ṭū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4591: To pare off, lessen, in, to be, small, few

and humbled
וַיָּשֹׁ֑חוּ (way·yā·šō·ḥū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7817: To bow, be bowed down, crouch

by oppression,
מֵעֹ֖צֶר (mê·‘ō·ṣer)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6115: Closure, constraint

evil,
רָעָ֣ה (rā·‘āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

and sorrow,
וְיָגֽוֹן׃ (wə·yā·ḡō·wn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3015: Grief, sorrow
Verse 39. - Again. There is no "again" in the original, but merely the usual yaw conjunctive. Still, in the thought, there is no doubt an abrupt transition. The writer turns to the darker side of the picture. They are minished and brought low. God shows his providence, not merely in blessing, but also in chastising. Even the very nation which has been the most highly favored may, by misconduct, fall under his displeasure and suffer at his hands. Their population is diminished; they arc "bowed down" (Revised Version), or "brought low." Calamities of various kinds befall them. Sometimes their decline is brought about through oppression, which may be either the cruel rule of a native monarch, such as Saul, or the still heavier yoke of a foreign power, like Egypt or Babylon. Sometimes it comes from such an affliction as bad harvests, plagues of locusts, or pestilence. Sometimes it is brought about by sorrow - the death of a good ruler in the flower of his age, the extinction of a royal stock, the destruction of a nation's best and bravest on battle-fields, and the like. But in all calamities alike it is God's hand that deals the blow. 107:33-43 What surprising changes are often made in the affairs of men! Let the present desolate state of Judea, and of other countries, explain this. If we look abroad in the world, we see many greatly increase, whose beginning was small. We see many who have thus suddenly risen, as suddenly brought to nothing. Worldly wealth is uncertain; often those who are filled with it, ere they are aware, lose it again. God has many ways of making men poor. The righteous shall rejoice. It shall fully convince all those who deny the Divine Providence. When sinners see how justly God takes away the gifts they have abused, they will not have a word to say. It is of great use to us to be fully assured of God's goodness, and duly affected with it. It is our wisdom to mind our duty, and to refer our comfort to him. A truly wise person will treasure in his heart this delightful psalm. From it, he will fully understand the weakness and wretchedness of man, and the power and loving-kindness of God, not for our merit, but for his mercy's sake.
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Psalm 107:38
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