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Age (404 Occurrences)

Matthew 2:16 Then Herod, finding that the Magi had trifled with him, was furious, and sent and massacred all the boys under two years of age, in Bethlehem and all its neighbourhood, according to the date he had so carefully ascertained from the Magi.

Matthew 6:27 And who of you, being anxious, is able to add to his age one cubit?

Matthew 12:32 Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age, nor in that which is to come.

Matthew 13:22 What was sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the word, but the cares of this age and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful.

Matthew 13:39 The enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.

Matthew 13:40 As therefore the darnel weeds are gathered up and burned with fire; so will it be at the end of this age.

Matthew 13:49 So will it be at the Close of the Age. The angels will go forth and separate the wicked from among the righteous,

Matthew 21:19 and having seen a certain fig-tree on the way, he came to it, and found nothing in it except leaves only, and he saith to it, 'No more from thee may fruit be -- to the age;' and forthwith the fig-tree withered.

Matthew 24:3 As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign of your coming, and of the end of the age?"

Matthew 28:20 teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Mark 3:29 but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, he remains for ever unabsolved: he is guilty of a sin of the Ages."
(Root in WEY YLT)

Mark 4:19 and the cares of this age, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Mark 5:42 And straightway the damsel arose, and walked; for she was of the age of twelve years. And they were astonished with a great astonishment.

Mark 8:38 Every one, however, who has been ashamed of me and of my teachings in this faithless and sinful age, of him the Son of Man also will be ashamed when He comes in His Father's glory with the holy angels."

Mark 10:30 but he will receive one hundred times more now in this time, houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and land, with persecutions; and in the age to come eternal life.

Mark 11:14 and Jesus answering said to it, 'No more from thee -- to the age -- may any eat fruit;' and his disciples were hearing.

Luke 1:36 Behold, Elizabeth, your relative, also has conceived a son in her old age; and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren.

Luke 1:55 As He spake unto our fathers, To Abraham and to his seed -- to the age.'

Luke 1:70 As He spake by the mouth of His holy prophets, Which have been from the age;

Luke 2:36 There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity,

Luke 2:37 and she had been a widow for about eighty-four years), who didn't depart from the temple, worshipping with fastings and petitions night and day.
(See NAS)

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

Luke 8:42 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying. But as he went, the multitudes pressed against him.

Luke 12:25 and who of you, being anxious, is able to add to his age one cubit?

Luke 16:8 "His lord commended the dishonest manager because he had done wisely, for the children of this world are, in their own generation, wiser than the children of the light.

Luke 18:30 who shall not certainly receive many times as much in this life, and in the age that is coming the Life of the Ages."

Luke 20:34 Jesus said to them, "The children of this age marry, and are given in marriage.

Luke 20:35 But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage.

John 4:14 but whoever drinks any of the water that I shall give him will never, never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become a fountain within him of water springing up for the Life of the Ages."
(Root in WEY YLT)

John 6:51 I am the living bread that came down out of the heaven; if any one may eat of this bread he shall live -- to the age; and the bread also that I will give is my flesh, that I will give for the life of the world.'

John 6:58 this is the bread that came down out of the heaven; not as your fathers did eat the manna, and died; he who is eating this bread shall live -- to the age.'

John 8:35 and the servant doth not remain in the house -- to the age, the son doth remain -- to the age;

John 8:51 verily, verily, I say to you, If any one may keep my word, death he may not see -- to the age.'

John 8:52 The Jews, therefore, said to him, 'Now we have known that thou hast a demon; Abraham did die, and the prophets, and thou dost say, If any one may keep my word, he shall not taste of death -- to the age!

John 9:21 but how he now sees, we don't know; or who opened his eyes, we don't know. He is of age. Ask him. He will speak for himself."

John 9:23 Therefore his parents said, "He is of age. Ask him."

John 9:32 from the age it was not heard, that any one did open eyes of one who hath been born blind;

John 10:28 I give them the Life of the Ages, and they shall never, never perish, nor shall any one wrest them from my hand.
(Root in WEY YLT)

John 11:26 and every one who is living and believing in me shall not die -- to the age;

John 12:34 the multitude answered him, 'We heard out of the law that the Christ doth remain -- to the age; and how dost thou say, That it behoveth the Son of Man to be lifted up? who is this -- the Son of Man?'

John 13:8 Peter saith to him, 'Thou mayest not wash my feet -- to the age.' Jesus answered him, 'If I may not wash thee, thou hast no part with me;'

John 14:16 and I will ask the Father, and another Comforter He will give to you, that he may remain with you -- to the age;

Acts 3:21 Heaven must receive Him until those times of which God has spoken from the earliest ages through the lips of His holy Prophets--the times of the reconstitution of all things.
(Root in WEY YLT)

Acts 4:22 For the man was over forty years of age on whom this miracle of restoration to health had been performed.

Acts 7:23 But when he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brothers, the children of Israel.
(See NAS)

Romans 12:2 And do not follow the customs of the present age, but be transformed by the entire renewal of your minds, so that you may learn by experience what God's will is--that will which is good and beautiful and perfect.

1 Corinthians 1:20 Where is your wise man? Where your expounder of the Law? Where your investigator of the questions of this present age? Has not God shown the world's wisdom to be utter foolishness?

1 Corinthians 2:6 Yet when we are among mature believers we do speak words of wisdom; a wisdom not belonging, however, to the present age nor to the leaders of the present age who are soon to pass away.

1 Corinthians 2:8 a wisdom which not one of the leaders of the present age possesses, for if they had possessed it, they would never have crucified the Lord of glory.

1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no one deceive himself. If any man imagines that he is wise, compared with the rest of you, with the wisdom of the present age, let him become "foolish" so that he may be wise.

1 Corinthians 7:36 But if any man thinks that he is behaving inappropriately toward his virgin, if she is past the flower of her age, and if need so requires, let him do what he desires. He doesn't sin. Let them marry.

1 Corinthians 8:13 wherefore, if victuals cause my brother to stumble, I may eat no flesh -- to the age -- that my brother I may not cause to stumble.

2 Corinthians 4:4 in whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that the light of the Good News of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not dawn on them.

2 Corinthians 9:9 (according as it hath been written, 'He dispersed abroad, he gave to the poor, his righteousness doth remain to the age,')

Galatians 1:4 who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us out of this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father-

Galatians 1:14 I advanced in the Jews' religion beyond many of my own age among my countrymen, being more exceedingly zealous for the traditions of my fathers.

Ephesians 1:21 far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in that which is to come.

Ephesians 2:2 in which ye once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience:

Ephesians 3:21 Unto him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.

Ephesians 6:12 For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world's rulers of the darkness of this age, and against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.

1 Timothy 5:9 No widow is to be put on the roll who is under sixty years of age.

1 Timothy 6:17 Impress on those who are rich in the present age that they must not be haughty nor set their hopes on riches--that unstable foundation--but on God who provides us richly with all things for our enjoyment.

1 Timothy 6:19 treasuring up to themselves a right foundation for the time to come, that they may lay hold on the life age-during.

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas has deserted me--loving, as he does, the present age--and has gone to Thessalonica; Crescens has gone to Galatia, and Titus to Dalmatia.

Titus 2:12 teaching us, that denying the impiety and the worldly desires, soberly and righteously and piously we may live in the present age,

Hebrews 1:8 but as to the Son, Thy throne, O God, is to the age of the age, and a sceptre of uprightness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Hebrews 5:6 as also in another passage He says, "Thou art a priest for ever, belonging to the order of Melchizedek."
(Root in WEY YLT NAS)

Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

Hebrews 6:5 and tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the age to come,

Hebrews 6:20 whither a forerunner for us did enter -- Jesus, after the order of Melchisedek chief priest having become -- to the age.

Hebrews 7:17 for He doth testify -- 'Thou 'art' a priest -- to the age, according to the order of Melchisedek;'

Hebrews 7:21 and he with an oath through Him who is saying unto him, 'The Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou 'art' a priest -- to the age, according to the order of Melchisedek;')

Hebrews 7:24 and he, because of his remaining -- to the age, hath the priesthood not transient,

Hebrews 7:28 for the law doth appoint men chief priests, having infirmity, but the word of the oath that 'is' after the law 'appointeth' the Son -- to the age having been perfected.

Hebrews 8:13 In that he says, "A new covenant," he has made the first old. But that which is becoming old and grows aged is near to vanishing away.

Hebrews 9:9 which is a symbol of the present age, where gifts and sacrifices are offered that are incapable, concerning the conscience, of making the worshipper perfect;

Hebrews 9:26 or else he must have suffered often since the foundation of the world. But now once at the end of the ages, he has been revealed to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

Hebrews 11:11 By faith, even Sarah herself received power to conceive, and she bore a child when she was past age, since she counted him faithful who had promised.

1 Peter 1:5 whom God in His power is guarding through faith for a salvation that even now stands ready for unveiling at the End of the Age.

1 Peter 1:23 being begotten again, not out of seed corruptible, but incorruptible, through a word of God -- living and remaining -- to the age;

1 Peter 1:25 But the word of the Lord remains for ever." And that means the Message which has been proclaimed among you in the Good News.
(Root in WEY YLT)

2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, and clouds by a tempest driven, to whom the thick gloom of the darkness to the age hath been kept;

2 Peter 3:18 and increase ye in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; to him 'is' the glory both now, and to the day of the age! Amen.

1 John 2:17 and the world doth pass away, and the desire of it, and he who is doing the will of God, he doth remain -- to the age.

2 John 1:2 because of the truth that is remaining in us, and with us shall be to the age,

Jude 1:13 wild waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, for whom is reserved dense darkness of age-long duration.

Jude 1:25 to the only God our Saviour--through Jesus Christ our Lord, be ascribed glory, majesty, might, and authority, as it was before all time, is now, and shall be to all the Ages! Amen.

Genesis 3:22 And Jehovah God saith, 'Lo, the man was as one of Us, as to the knowledge of good and evil; and now, lest he send forth his hand, and have taken also of the tree of life, and eaten, and lived to the age,' --

Genesis 6:3 And Jehovah saith, 'My Spirit doth not strive in man -- to the age; in their erring they 'are' flesh:' and his days have been an hundred and twenty years.

Genesis 13:15 for the whole of the land which thou are seeing, to thee I give it, and to thy seed -- to the age.

Genesis 15:15 but you will go to your fathers in peace. You will be buried in a good old age.

Genesis 17:17 Then Abraham fell on his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, "Will a child be born to him who is one hundred years old? Will Sarah, who is ninety years old, give birth?"
(See NIV)

Genesis 18:11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, well advanced in age. It had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.

Genesis 21:2 Sarah conceived, and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.

Genesis 21:7 She said, "Who would have said to Abraham, that Sarah would nurse children? For I have borne him a son in his old age."

Genesis 24:1 Abraham was old, and well stricken in age. Yahweh had blessed Abraham in all things.

Genesis 24:36 and Sarah, my lord's wife, beareth a son to my lord, after she hath been aged, and he giveth to him all that he hath.
(Root in YLT NAS NIV)

Genesis 25:8 Abraham gave up the spirit, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years, and was gathered to his people.

Genesis 35:29 and Isaac expireth, and dieth, and is gathered unto his people, aged and satisfied with days; and bury him do Esau and Jacob his sons.
(Root in YLT NAS)

Genesis 37:2 This is the history of the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father's wives. Joseph brought an evil report of them to their father.
(See NAS)

Age (404 Occurrences)
... men among them (Isaiah 65:20; Zechariah 8:4). The aged supposed to excel in
understanding (Job 12:20; 15:10; 32:4, 9; 1 Kings 12:6, 8). A full age the reward ...
/a/age.htm - 56k

Age-duringly (1 Occurrence)
Age-duringly. Age-during, Age-duringly. Agee . Multi-Version
Concordance Age-duringly (1 Occurrence). Philemon 1:15 ...
/a/age-duringly.htm - 6k

Age-old (4 Occurrences)
Age-old. Agent, Age-old. Ages . Multi-Version Concordance Age-old
(4 Occurrences). Genesis 49:26 Thy father's blessings ...
/a/age-old.htm - 7k

Age-long (2 Occurrences)
Age-long. Agee, Age-long. Agency . Multi-Version Concordance
Age-long (2 Occurrences). Jude 1:13 wild waves of the sea ...
/a/age-long.htm - 7k

Age-during (167 Occurrences)
Age-during. Aged, Age-during. Age-duringly . Multi-Version
Concordance Age-during (167 Occurrences). Matthew 18:8 And ...
/a/age-during.htm - 36k

Elder (34 Occurrences)
... He who is called presbyter or elder on account of his age or gravity is also called
bishop or overseer with reference to the duty that lay upon him (Titus 1:5-7 ...
/e/elder.htm - 27k

... the ordinary interpretation of the genealogical tables in Genesis 5 the lives of
the antediluvians were prolonged to an extreme old age, Methuselah attaining ...
/a/antediluvians.htm - 11k

Zoan (7 Occurrences)
... zo'-an (tso`an; Tanis): 1. situation 2. Old Testament Notices 3. Early History 4.
Hyksos Monuments 5. Hyksos Population 6. Hyksos Age 7. Description of Site 1 ...
/z/zoan.htm - 17k

Ripe (29 Occurrences)
... (DBY). Genesis 25:8 Abraham gave up the spirit, and died in a good old age, an old
man, and full of years, and was gathered to his people. (See NAS). ...
/r/ripe.htm - 16k

Mature (11 Occurrences)
... plans. 6. (vi) To advance toward maturity; to become ripe; as, wine matures
by age; the judgment matures by age and experience. 7 ...
/m/mature.htm - 10k

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Used to denote the period of a man's life (Genesis 47:28), the maturity of life (John 9:21), the latter end of life (Job 11:17), a generation of the human race (Job 8:8), and an indefinite period (Ephesians 2:7; 3:5, 21; Colossians 1:26). Respect to be shown to the aged (Leviticus 19:32). It is a blessing to communities when they have old men among them (Isaiah 65:20; Zechariah 8:4). The aged supposed to excel in understanding (Job 12:20; 15:10; 32:4, 9; 1 Kings 12:6, 8). A full age the reward of piety (Job 5:26; Genesis 15:15).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or other kind; lifetime.

2. (n.) That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the present age of a man, or of the earth?

3. (n.) The latter part of life; an advanced period of life; seniority; state of being old.

4. (n.) One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc.

5. (n.) Mature age; especially, the time of life at which one attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of age; he (or she) is of age.

6. (n.) The time of life at which some particular power or capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of consent; the age of discretion.

7. (n.) A particular period of time in history, as distinguished from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles.

8. (n.) A great period in the history of the Earth.

9. (n.) A century; the period of one hundred years.

10. (n.) The people who live at a particular period; hence, a generation.

11. (n.) A long time.

12. (v. i.) To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of age; as, he grew fat as he aged.

13. (v. t.) To cause to grow old; to impart the characteristics of age to; as, grief ages us.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

aj: A period of time or a dispensation. In the above sense the word occurs only once in the King James Version, in the sing, as the translation of dor, which means, properly, a "revolution" or "round of time," "a period," "an age" or "generation of man's life"; almost invariable translated "generation," "generations" (Job 8:8), "Inquire, I pray thee, of the former age"); we have the plural as the translation of aion, properly "duration," "the course or flow of time," "an age or period of the world," "the world" (Ephesians 2:7, "in the ages to come"; Colossians 1:26, "the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations," the English Revised Version, "from all ages," etc., the American Revised Version, margin, of geneai, "generations" (Ephesians 3:5 "generations," Ephesians 3:21, "unto all generations for ever and ever," Greek margin, "all the generations of the age of the ages"). "Ages is given in margin of the King James Version (Psalm 145:13 Isaiah 26:4, "the rock of ages").

We have "age" in the above sense (2 Esdras 3:18; Tobit 14:5; aion) "ages," aion (1 Esdras 4:40 (of Truth) "she is the strength," etc., "of all ages"), genea, the Revised Version (British and American), "generation" (The Wisdom of Solomon 7:27; 1 Maccabees 2:61); Ecclesiasticus 24:33, eis geneas aionon, "generations of ages"; The Wisdom of Solomon 14:6, "generations' (geneseos).

Revised Version has "age" for "world" (Hebrews 6:5); "ages" for "worlds" (the Revised Version, margin Hebrews 1:2; the American Revised Version, margin; compare 1 Timothy 1:17) (margin, "unto the ages of the ages"), "ages" for "world" (1 Corinthians 10:11 Hebrews 9:26). the English Revised Version has "all ages" for "the beginning of the world" (Ephesians 3:9, the American Standard Revised Version "for ages"); "king of the ages" for "king of saints" (Revelation 15:3, corrected text; margin, many ancient authorities read "nations"; Jeremiah 10:7).


W. L. Walker


In individual lives (cheledh; helikia): We have scarcely any word in the Old Testament or New Testament which denotes "age" in the familiar modern sense; the nearest in the Old Testament is perhaps heledh, "life," "lifetime," and in the New Testament helikia, "full age," "manhood," but which is rendered stature in Matthew 6:27, etc., the King James Version; cheledh occurs (Job 11:17), "Thine age shall be clearer than the noonday," the Revised Version (British and American) "(thy) life"; Psalm 39:5, "Mine age is as nothing before thee," the American Standard Revised Version, "my life-time"); we have helikia (John 9:21, 23), "He is of age"; Hebrews 11:11 "past age," Luke 2:52, "Jesus increased in wisdom and age," so the Revised Version, margin, King James Version margin, Ephesians 4:13); yom, day, (days) is used in the Old Testament to express "age" (Genesis 47:28), the whole age of Jacob," the King James Version, "the days of the years of his life"; but it occurs mostly in connection with old age); ben, "son" (Numbers 8:25 1 Chronicles 23:3, 24); kelah, "to be complete," is translated "full age" (Job 5:26); teleios, "complete" (Hebrews 5:14), the Revised Version (British and American), full-grown men, margin, perfect", dor, a revolution," "a period" is translated "age" Isaiah 38:12, "Mine age is departed and removed from me as a shepherd's tent," the American Standard Revised Version, "My dwelling is removed, and is carried away from me as a shepherd's tent," the English Revised Version, "mine age," margin, "or habitation"; Delitzsch, "my home"; compare Psalm 49:19, 20; 2 Corinthians 5:8. In New Testament we have etos, "year" (Mark 5:42), the Revised Version British and American, "old"; Luke 2:37; Luke 3:23, "Jesus. about 30 years of age". "Old age," "aged," are the translation of various words, zaqen zaqan, "the chin," "the beard", perhaps to have the chin sharp or hanging down, often translated "elders," "old man," etc. 2 Samuel 19:32, Job 12:20, 32:9, Jeremiah 6:11.

In New Testament we have presbutes, "aged," "advanced in days" (Titus 2:2 Philemon 1:9); presbutis, "aged woman" (Titus 2:3); probebekos en hemerais, advanced in days" (Luke 2:36); geras, "old age" (Luke 1:36).

Revised Version has "old" for "the age of" (1 Chronicles 23:3), "own age" for "sort" (Daniel 1:10); "aged" for "ancients" (Psalm 119:100), for "ancient" (Isaiah 47:6); for "old" (Hebrews 8:13); "aged men" for "the ancients" (Job 12:12); for "aged" (Job 12:20), "elders."

Regard for Old Age:

(1) Among the Hebrews (and Orientals generally) old age was held in honor, and respect was required for the aged (Leviticus 19:32), "Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man"; a mark of the low estate of the nation was that "The faces of elders were not honored"; "The elders have ceased from the gate" (Lamentations 5:12, 14). Compare Job 29:8 (as showing the exceptionally high regard for Job). See also The Wisdom of Solomon 2:10; Ecclesiasticus 8:6.

(2) Old age was greatly desired and its attainment regarded as a Divine blessing (Genesis 15:15 Exodus 20:12, "that thy days may be long in the land"; Job 5:26 Psalm 91:16, "With long life will I satisfy him"; Psalm 92:14; compare Isaiah 65:20 Zechariah 8:4 1 Samuel 2:32).

(3) A Divine assurance is given, "Even to old age I am he, and even to hoar hairs will I carry you" (Isaiah 46:4); hence it was looked forward to in faith and hope (Psalm 71:9, 18).

(4) Superior wisdom was believed to belong to the aged (Job 12:20; Job 15:10; Job 32:7, 9; compare 1 Kings 12:8); hence positions of guidance and authority were given to them, as the terms "elders," "presbyters" and (Arabic) "sheik" indicate.

W. L. Walker


ap-os-tol'-ik aj.

1. The Mission:

(1) When the disciples realized that they had seen the risen Christ for the last time and that it had now become their duty to spread His message, they gathered themselves together and restored the number of "witnesses" to the appointed Twelve. Immediately afterward the outpouring of the Holy Spirit gave them the signal to begin work. At first this work was rigidly centered in Jerusalem, and the first journeyings were the result of forcible dispersion and not of planned effort (Acts 11:19). But pilgrims to the feasts had carried away the gospel with them, and in this way Christianity had been spread at least as far as Damascus (Acts 9:2, 19). The dispersion itself widened the circle to Cyprus and to Antioch and marked the beginning of the Gentilework (Acts 11:19-20). Here the extreme prominence of Paul's ministry in the New Testament should not obscure the success of the other missionaries.

When the apostles began their journeys we do not know but at the time of Galatians 1:19 only Peter represented the Twelve in Jerusalem. Paul mentions their extended work in 1 Corinthians 9:5, 6 and it seems certain that Peter was in Rome shortly before his death. The troubles caused Paul by the Judaizers at least give evidence of the missionary zeal of the latter. Barnabas and Mark worked after their separation from Paul (Acts 15:39) and GentileChristianity existed in Rome long before the latter's arrival there (Romans 1:13). By the year 100 it appears that Christianity extended around the Mediterranean from Alexandria to Rome (and doubtless farther, although data are scanty), while Asia Minor was especially pervaded by it.

(2) Many factors cooperated to help the work: Peace was universal and communication was easy. Greek was spoken everywhere. The protection given Judaism sheltered from civil interference. The presence of Judaism insured hospitality and hearers for at least the first efforts to convert. The Jews' own proselytizing zeal (Matthew 23:15) had prepared Gentiles to receive Christianity. And not the least element was the break-up of the old religions and the general looking to the East for religious satisfaction.

(3) For the methods, Paul's procedure is probably typical. Avoiding the smaller places, he devoted himself to the cities as the strategic points and traveled in a direct route, without side-journeys. In this way a "line of fire" (Harnack) was traced, and the flame could be trusted to spread of its own accord to each side of the road. So as fruits of Paul's work at Ephesus there appear churches at Colosse and Laodicea some hundred and twenty miles away (Colossians 2:1; Colossians 4:16). The churches founded needed revisiting and confirming, but when the apostle felt that they could shift for themselves, he felt also that his work in the East was over (Romans 15:23).

2. Jerusalem Church:

The members of the earliest Jerusalem church thought of themselves simply as Jews who had a true understanding of the Messiah and so constituting a new "way" or "party" (hardly "sect") in Judaism (Acts 22:4, especially). At first they were suffered to grow unmolested and their right to exist was apparently unquestioned, for the Sadducean actions of Acts 4:1; Acts 5:17 were in the nature of police precautions. And it is significant that the first attack was made on a foreigner, Stephen. He seems to have angered the crowds by preaching the impending destruction of the Temple, although he was martyred for ascribing (practically) Divine honors to Jesus (Acts 7:56). Yet the apostles were not driven from the city (Acts 8:1) and the church was able to continue its development. In 41 A.D., the Roman representatives gave way to the Pharisaically inclined Agrippa I and (for reasons that are not clear) persecution broke out in which James was martyred and Peter delivered only by a miracle (Acts 12). With the resumption of Roman rule in 44 A.D. the persecution ceased.

Some peaceable mode of living was devised, as appears from the absence of further allusions to troubles (compare Acts 21:17-26) and from the accounts of Josephus and Hegesippus of the esteem in which James the Lord's brother was held. His martyrdom (in 62 A.D.?) was due to the tension that preceded the final revolt against Rome, in which the Christians of Jerusalem took no part. Instead, they retired across the Jordan to Pella (Revelation 12:13-17), where they formed a close, intensely Jewish body under the rule of the descendants of Christ's brethren according to the flesh. Some mission work was done farther to the east but in the 2nd century they either were absorbed in normal Christianity or became one of the factors that produced Ebionism.

3. Judaists:

Many members of this body (and, doubtless, other Jewish Christians outside it) showed various degrees of inability to understand the Gentile work. The acceptance of an uncircumcised Christian as "saved" offered fairly slight difficulty (Galatians 2:3 Acts 15). But to eat with him was another thing and one that was an offense to many who accepted his salvation (Galatians 2:12, 13). The rigorous conclusion that the Law bound no Christian was still another thing and one that even James could not accept (Acts 21:21). At the time of Galatians 2:9, the "pillars" were as yet not thinking of doing Gentilework. Paul's controversies are familiar and probably the last friction did not end until the fall of Jerusalem. But the difficulties grew gradually less and 1 Peter is evidence that Peter himself finally accepted the full status of Gentiles.

4. Relations with Rome:

From the Roman power Christianity was safe at first, as the distinctions from Judaism were thought too slight to notice (Acts 18:14-16; Acts 25:19). (Troubles such as those of Acts 17:9 were due to disturbance of the peace.) So the government was thought of as a protector (2 Thessalonians 2:7) and spoken of in the highest terms (Romans 13:1 1 Peter 2:13, 14). But, while absolute isolation was not observed (1 Corinthians 10:27), yet the Christians tended more and more to draw themselves into bodies with little contact with the world around them (1 Peter 4:3-5), so provoking suspicion and hostility from their neighbors. Hence they were a convenient scapegoat for Nero after the burning of Rome. It is uncertain how far his persecution spread or how far persecutions occurred from his time until the end of the reign of Domitian (see PETER, THE FIRST EPISTLE OF), but in Revelation, Rome has become the symbol for all that is hostile to Christ.

5. "Hellenism":

Influence of the "pagan" religions on Christianity is not very perceptible in the 1st century. But syncretism was the fashion of the day and many converts must have attempted to combine the new religion with views that they held already (or that they learned still later). Apparently little attention was paid to this attempt, if restricted to entirely minor details (1 Corinthians 15:29), but in Colossians 2:8-23 a vital matter is touched. The danger is more acute in the Pastorals (1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 4:3 Titus 3:9) and in Revelation 2 great harm is being done. And Jude, 2 Peter, and 1 John contain direct polemics against the systems so arising, the beginnings of what in the 2nd century appeared as Gnosticism.

For further details see the separate articles, especially MINISTRY; NEW TESTAMENT CANON; and (for life in the Apostolic Age) SPIRITUAL GIFTS.


Seethe separate articles. Works with the title Apostolic Age are by Gilbert (brief), Bartlet (useful), Purves (very conservative), Ropes, McGiffert, and Weizsacker. The last three are for critical study.

Burton Scott Easton

165. aion -- a space of time, an age
... a space of time, an age. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: aion Phonetic
Spelling: (ahee-ohn') Short Definition: an age, a cycle of time ...
// - 8k

2244. helikia -- maturity, ie age
... maturity, ie age. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: helikia Phonetic
Spelling: (hay-lik-ee'-ah) Short Definition: age, stature Definition: age ...
// - 6k

1094. geras -- old age
... geras. 1095 . old age. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: geras Phonetic
Spelling: (ghay'-ras) Short Definition: old age Definition: old age. ...
// - 6k

33. age -- come!
... 32b, 33. age. 34 . come! Transliteration: age Phonetic Spelling: (ag'-eh) Short
Definition: come. Word Origin imper. of ago Definition come! ...
// - 5k

4915. sunelikiotes -- one of the same age
... one of the same age. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: sunelikiotes
Phonetic Spelling: (soon-ay-lik-ee-o'-tace) Short Definition: one of the same ...
// - 6k

4242. presbeia -- age, seniority
... age, seniority. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: presbeia Phonetic
Spelling: (pres-bi'-ah) Short Definition: an embassy, delegation Definition ...
// - 6k

166. aionios -- agelong, eternal
... eternal. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: aionios Phonetic Spelling:
(ahee-o'-nee-os) Short Definition: eternal, unending Definition: age-long, and ...
// - 8k

1074. genea -- race, family, generation
... age, generation. From (a presumed derivative of) genos; a generation; by implication,
an age (the period or the persons) -- age, generation, nation, time. ...
// - 6k

5063. tessarakontaetes -- forty years old.
... of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: tessarakontaetes Phonetic Spelling:
(tes-sar-ak-on-tah-et-ace') Short Definition: forty years of age Definition: forty ...
// - 7k

5046. teleios -- having reached its end, ie complete, by ext. ...
... Spelling: (tel'-i-os) Short Definition: perfect, full-grown Definition: perfect,
(a) complete in all its parts, (b) full grown, of full age, (c) specially of ...
// - 8k

Topical Bible Verses
Leviticus 19:32
You shall rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man, and fear your God: I am the LORD.

Strong's Hebrew
2209. ziqnah -- old age
... old age. Transliteration: ziqnah Phonetic Spelling: (zik-naw') Short Definition:
age. ... of zoqen Definition old age NASB Word Usage old (2), old age (4). old age. ...
/hebrew/2209.htm - 6k

2208. zaqun -- old age
... zaqun. 2209 . old age. Transliteration: zaqun Phonetic Spelling: (zaw-koon') Short
Definition: age. ... of zaqen Definition old age NASB Word Usage old age (4). ...
/hebrew/2208.htm - 6k

2207. zoqen -- old age
... 2206, 2207. zoqen. 2208 . old age. Transliteration: zoqen Phonetic Spelling:
(zo'-ken) Short Definition: age. Word Origin from the ...
/hebrew/2207.htm - 6k

7869. seb -- (hoary) age
... (hoary) age. Transliteration: seb Phonetic Spelling: (sabe) Short Definition: age.
Word Origin from sib Definition (hoary) age NASB Word Usage age (1). age. ...
/hebrew/7869.htm - 5k

7872. sebah -- hoary head, old age
... 7871, 7872. sebah. 7873 . hoary head, old age. Transliteration: sebah Phonetic
Spelling: (say-baw') Short Definition: hair. ... be gray grey hoar, old age. ...
/hebrew/7872.htm - 6k

89. Age -- the father of one of David's heroes
... 88, 89. Age. 90 . the father of one of David's heroes. Transliteration: Age
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-gay') Short Definition: Agee. ... 88, 89. Age. 90 . ...
/hebrew/89.htm - 6k

1524b. gil -- a circle, age
... gil. 1525 . a circle, age. Transliteration: gil Short Definition: age. Word Origin
from gil Definition a circle, age NASB Word Usage age (1). 1524a, 1524b. ...
/hebrew/1524b.htm - 5k

3117. yom -- day
... root Definition day NASB Word Usage afternoon* (1), age (8), age* (1), all (1),
always* (14), amount* (2), battle (1), birthday* (1), Chronicles* (38 ...
/hebrew/3117.htm - 7k

1755. dor -- period, generation, dwelling
... Word Origin from dur Definition period, generation, dwelling NASB Word Usage
age-old (1), all generations (20), another (1), dwelling (1), every generation ( ...
/hebrew/1755.htm - 6k

1121. ben -- son
... root Definition son NASB Word Usage afflicted (1), afflicted* (1), age (7), aliens*
(2), Ammonites* (7), anointed* (1), arrow (1), arrows (1), Assyrians* (3 ...
/hebrew/1121.htm - 8k


Concerning Æon or Age.
... Book II. Chapter I."Concerning æon or age. ... It must then be understood that the
word age has various meanings, for it denotes many things. ...
/.../john/exposition of the orthodox faith/chapter i concerning aeon or age.htm

The World's Age
... THE WORLD'S AGE. Who will say the world is dying? Who will say our prime is past?
Sparks from Heaven, within us lying, Flash, and will flash till the last. ...
// and other poems/the worlds age.htm

Whether Defective Age is an Impediment to Marriage?
AGE (FIVE ARTICLES) Whether defective age is an impediment to marriage? ...
/.../ theologica/whether defective age is an.htm

Of the End of this Age.
... XLIII."Of the End of This Age. The trumpet gives the sign in heaven, the lion being
taken away, and suddenly there is darkness with the din of heaven. ...
/.../commodianus/the instructions of commodianus/xliii of the end of this.htm

The Dulness of the Age.
... XXII."The Dulness of the Age. Alas, I grieve, citizens, that ye are thus
blinded by the world. One runs to the lot; another gazes ...
/.../commodianus/the instructions of commodianus/xxii the dulness of the age.htm

Temperance and the Teen Age
... XVII TEMPERANCE AND THE TEEN AGE. ... In dealing with the teen age boy, spare your words,
but pile up the scientific, concrete, "seeing-is-believing" data. ...
/.../alexander/the boy and the sunday school/xvii temperance and the teen.htm

"The Gentle Steps of Age"
... Wesley Collects Money for the Poor; Visits the House of Lords; His Reasons for his
Long Life; "How is the Tide Turned;" Last Entries "The Gentle Steps of Age". ...
/.../wesley/the journal of john wesley/the gentle steps of age.htm

Reverence for Age. April 8.
... Reverence for Age. April 8. Reverence for age is a fair test of the vigour
of youth; and, conversely, insolence towards the old ...
// thoughts /reverence for age april 8.htm

Caleb --A Green Old Age
... THE BOOK OF JOSHUA CALEB"A GREEN OLD AGE. 'And Caleb... said unto him (Joshua ...
very end. The hopes of age are few and tremulous. When the ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/caleba green old age.htm

Youth and Age, and the Command for Both
... YOUTH AND AGE, AND THE COMMAND FOR BOTH. Annual Sermon to the Young '... ... I see in
them two pictures of youth and of old age, and a commandment based upon both. ...
/.../expositions of holy scripture st john chaps xv to xxi/youth and age and the.htm



Age and Wisdom

Age Discrimination

Age of Accountability

Related Terms

Age-duringly (1 Occurrence)

Age-old (4 Occurrences)

Age-long (2 Occurrences)

Age-during (167 Occurrences)

Elder (34 Occurrences)


Zoan (7 Occurrences)

Ripe (29 Occurrences)

Mature (11 Occurrences)

Melchisedek (11 Occurrences)

Cruelty (8 Occurrences)

Cruel (196 Occurrences)

Almond (7 Occurrences)

Stricken (32 Occurrences)

Advanced (32 Occurrences)

Remaining (87 Occurrences)

Amaziah (41 Occurrences)

Amorites (82 Occurrences)

Completion (40 Occurrences)

Sarai (13 Occurrences)

Aged (63 Occurrences)

Marry (48 Occurrences)

Melchiz'edek (9 Occurrences)

Messengers (182 Occurrences)

Belonging (90 Occurrences)

Boy (94 Occurrences)

Crete (7 Occurrences)


Ahaz (42 Occurrences)

Antiquity (8 Occurrences)

Self-same (17 Occurrences)

Sarah (38 Occurrences)

Sanctifying (22 Occurrences)

Diseases (38 Occurrences)

Believing (84 Occurrences)


Canaan (102 Occurrences)



Canaanites (63 Occurrences)

Sojourning (35 Occurrences)


Mouth (534 Occurrences)

Stedfast (84 Occurrences)

Apostolic (2 Occurrences)

Established (200 Occurrences)

Cedar (61 Occurrences)

Either (152 Occurrences)

Daughter (320 Occurrences)

Patriarchs (6 Occurrences)

Promised (150 Occurrences)


Hagar (15 Occurrences)

Present (577 Occurrences)

Babylonia (17 Occurrences)

Trusted (82 Occurrences)

Eternal (166 Occurrences)




Care (466 Occurrences)

Eden (19 Occurrences)

Year (4027 Occurrences)

Virginity (12 Occurrences)

Vigor (11 Occurrences)


Traditional (3 Occurrences)

Regard (230 Occurrences)

Raamses (1 Occurrence)


Establisheth (16 Occurrences)

Endeth (2 Occurrences)

Elderly (2 Occurrences)

Darnel (9 Occurrences)

Dim (22 Occurrences)

Disease (213 Occurrences)

Deceitfulness (7 Occurrences)

Delight (213 Occurrences)

Making (644 Occurrences)

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