Acts 15:39
New International Version
They had such a sharp disagreement that they parted company. Barnabas took Mark and sailed for Cyprus,

New Living Translation
Their disagreement was so sharp that they separated. Barnabas took John Mark with him and sailed for Cyprus.

English Standard Version
And there arose a sharp disagreement, so that they separated from each other. Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed away to Cyprus,

Berean Study Bible
Their disagreement was so sharp that they parted company. Barnabas took Mark and sailed for Cyprus,

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore a sharp disagreement arose, so that they separated from one another. And Barnabas having taken Mark, sailed to Cyprus.

New American Standard Bible
And there occurred such a sharp disagreement that they separated from one another, and Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed away to Cyprus.

King James Bible
And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;

Christian Standard Bible
They had such a sharp disagreement that they parted company, and Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed off to Cyprus.

Contemporary English Version
Paul and Barnabas argued, then each of them went his own way. Barnabas took Mark and sailed to Cyprus,

Good News Translation
There was a sharp argument, and they separated: Barnabas took Mark and sailed off for Cyprus,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There was such a sharp disagreement that they parted company, and Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed off to Cyprus.

International Standard Version
The disagreement was so sharp that they parted ways. Barnabas took Mark and sailed to Cyprus,

NET Bible
They had a sharp disagreement, so that they parted company. Barnabas took along Mark and sailed away to Cyprus,

New Heart English Bible
Then the contention grew so sharp that they separated from each other. Barnabas took Mark with him, and sailed away to Cyprus,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because of this dispute, they separated one from another. BarNaba took Marqus and traveled by sea and went to Cyprus.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Paul and Barnabas disagreed so sharply that they parted ways. Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed to the island of Cyprus.

New American Standard 1977
And there arose such a sharp disagreement that they separated from one another, and Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed away to Cyprus.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the contention was so sharp between them that they departed asunder one from the other, and so Barnabas took Mark and sailed unto Cyprus;

King James 2000 Bible
And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;

American King James Version
And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed to Cyprus;

American Standard Version
And there arose a sharp contention, so that they parted asunder one from the other, and Barnabas took Mark with him, and sailed away unto Cyprus;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there arose a dissension, so that they departed one from another; and Barnabas indeed taking Mark, sailed to Cyprus.

Darby Bible Translation
There arose therefore very warm feeling, so that they separated from one another; and Barnabas taking Mark sailed away to Cyprus;

English Revised Version
And there arose a sharp contention, so that they parted asunder one from the other, and Barnabas took Mark with him, and sailed away unto Cyprus;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed, separating one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed to Cyprus.

Weymouth New Testament
So there arose a serious disagreement between them, which resulted in their parting from one another, Barnabas taking Mark and setting sail for Cyprus.

World English Bible
Then the contention grew so sharp that they separated from each other. Barnabas took Mark with him, and sailed away to Cyprus,

Young's Literal Translation
there came, therefore, a sharp contention, so that they were parted from one another, and Barnabas having taken Mark, did sail to Cyprus,
Study Bible
Paul's Second Missionary Journey
38But Paul thought it best not to take him, because he had deserted them in Pamphylia and had not accompanied them in the work. 39Their disagreement was so sharp that they parted company. Barnabas took Mark and sailed for Cyprus, 40but Paul chose Silas and left, commended by the brothers to the grace of the Lord.…
Cross References
Acts 4:36
Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (meaning Son of Encouragement),

Acts 12:12
And when he had realized this, he went to the house of Mary the mother of John, also called Mark, where many people were gathered together praying.

Acts 15:37
Barnabas wanted to take John, also called Mark.

Colossians 4:10
My fellow prisoner Aristarchus sends you greetings, as does Mark the cousin of Barnabas. You have already received instructions about him: If he comes to you, welcome him.

1 Peter 5:13
The church in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, as does my son Mark.

Treasury of Scripture

And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed to Cyprus;

the contention.

Acts 15:2
When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.

Acts 6:1
And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.

Psalm 106:33
Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.

and sailed.

Acts 4:36
And Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas, (which is, being interpreted, The son of consolation,) a Levite, and of the country of Cyprus,

Acts 11:20
And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus.

Acts 13:4-12
So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus…







Lexicon
Their disagreement was so sharp
παροξυσμός (paroxysmos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3948: Stimulation, provocation, irritation, angry dispute. From paroxuno; incitement, or dispute.

that
ὥστε (hōste)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 5620: So that, therefore, so then, so as to. From hos and te; so too, i.e. Thus therefore.

they
αὐτοὺς (autous)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

parted
ἀποχωρισθῆναι (apochōristhēnai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Passive
Strong's Greek 673: To separate from; mid: I part; pass: To be swept aside. From apo and chorizo; to rend apart; reflexively, to separate.

company.
ἀλλήλων (allēlōn)
Personal / Reciprocal Pronoun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 240: One another, each other. Genitive plural from allos reduplicated; one another.

Barnabas
Βαρνάβαν (Barnaban)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 921: Of Chaldee origin; son of Nabas; Barnabas, an Israelite.

took
παραλαβόντα (paralabonta)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3880: From para and lambano; to receive near, i.e. Associate with oneself; by analogy, to assume an office; figuratively, to learn.

Mark
Μάρκον (Markon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3138: Of Latin origin; Marcus, a Christian.

[and] sailed
ἐκπλεῦσαι (ekpleusai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 1602: To sail out (of harbor), sail away. From ek and pleo; to depart by ship.

for
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

Cyprus,
Κύπρον (Kypron)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2954: Cyprus. Of uncertain origin; Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean.
(39) And the contention was so sharp between them, that . . .--Literally, there was a sharp contention, (or paroxysm), so that . . . The warmth of previous affection, of a friendship begun probably in boyhood, and cemented by new hopes, and a great work in which both were sharers, made the breach between the two more painful. At this stage, both Barnabas and Mark disappear from the history of the Acts, but it will be worth while to note the chief facts in the after-history of each. (1) Probably Barnabas and Paul met again in the visit of Acts 18:22, unless, indeed, we refer the incidents of Galatians 2:11-13 to an earlier period, and then there was a yet further cause of division in his yielding to the dissimulation of the Judaising teachers. (2) In writing to the Corinthians (1Corinthians 9:6) the Apostle names Barnabas as setting the same noble example as himself in labouring with his own hands and accepting nothing from the churches. (3) On the later life of Mark see the Introduction to St. Mark's Gospel. Here it will be sufficient to note that the discipline did its work. After labouring with his cousin in Cyprus, he appears to have returned to St. Peter, as his first father in the faith, and to have been with him at Babylon (1Peter 5:13). He and St. Paul met during the latter's first imprisonment at Rome (Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:24), and the Apostle learnt to recognise in him one who was "profitable to him for the ministry" (2Timothy 4:11), and whom he wished to have with him at the last.

Verse 39. - There arose a sharp contention for the contention was so sharp between them, A.V. and T.R.; parted for departed, A.V.; so that for so sharp... that, A.V.; and Barnabas for and so Barnabas, A.V.; took Mark with him for took Mark, A.V.; sailed away for sailed, A.V. There arose a sharp contention, etc. The sense "between them" must be supplied, if the English word "contention" is used. The word παροξυσμός only occurs twice in the New Testament: once in Hebrews 10:24, in a good sense, "To provoke" (for a provocation) - " stimulate or excite" - " unto love and good works," which is its common classical sense; the other time in this passage, where the sense is attributed to it in which it is used in the LXX., as in Deuteronomy 29:28, Ἐν θυμῷ καὶ ὀργῇ καὶ παροξυσμῷ μεγάλῳ σφόδρα, "in great indignation;" and in Jeremiah 32:37 (39. 37, LXX.), coupled with the same words, ἐν παροξυσμῷ μεγάλῳ, "in great wrath;" answering to קֶצפin Hebrew. But it is more probable that St. Luke uses the word here in its common medical sense. In medical writers - Galen, Hippocrates, etc. - the παροξυσμός is equivalent to what we call an access, from the Latin aecessio, used by Celsus, when a disease of some standing takes a turn for the worse, comes to a height, and breaks out into its severest form. This is the sense in which our English word "paroxysm" is used. The meaning of the passage will then be that, after a good deal of uncomfortable feeling and discussion, the difference between Paul and Barnabas, instead of cooling down, broke out into such an acute form that Barnabas went off to Cyprus with Mark, leaving St. Paul to do what he pleased by himself. And Barnabas, etc. The R.V. is much more accurate. The consequence of the quarrel is said by St. Luke to have been that Barnabas took Mark off with him to Cyprus. The statement that Paul chose Silas is a separate and independent statement, as appears by Παῦλος (in the nominative) and ἐξῆλθε in the indicative mood. St. Luke's narrative quite sides with St. Paul, and throws the blame of the quarrel, or at least of the separation, upon Barnabas. Renan ('St. Paul,' p. 119) thinks St. Paul was too severe upon John Mark, and that it was ungrateful of him to break with one to whom he owed so much as he did to Barnabas for any cause of secondary importance. He also thinks that the real root of the quarrel lay in the constantly changing relations between the two apostles, aggravated by a domineering spirit in St. Paul. But the force of this censure turns upon the question whether it was a cause of secondary importance. If St. Paul had a single eye to the success of his mission, and judged that Mark would be a hindrance to it, it was a question of primary importance to "the work," and St. Paul was right. Renan also remarks upon the extinction of the fame of Barnabas consequent upon this separation from his more illustrious companion. "While Paul kept advancing to the heights of his glory, Barnabas, separated from the companion who had shed a portion of his own luster upon him, pursued his solitary course in obscurity." Sailed away. Cyprus was Barnabas's native country (Acts 4:36), and the scene of the earliest mission (Acts 11:19), and of Paul and Barnabas's first joint evangelistic labors (Acts 13:4). Barnabas would have many friends there, and could form plans at his leisure for his future action. The friendly mention of him in 1 Corinthians 9:6 shows both that he continued his disinterested labors as an apostle and that the estrangement between him and St. Paul had passed away. The paroxysm had yielded to the gentle treatment of charity. 15:36-41 Here we have a private quarrel between two ministers, no less than Paul and Barnabas, yet made to end well. Barnabas wished his nephew John Mark to go with them. We should suspect ourselves of being partial, and guard against this in putting our relations forward. Paul did not think him worthy of the honour, nor fit for the service, who had departed from them without their knowledge, or without their consent: see ch.
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NT Apostles: Acts 15:39 Then the contention grew so sharp that (Acts of the Apostles Ac) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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