Ephesians 3:5
New International Version
which was not made known to people in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets.

New Living Translation
God did not reveal it to previous generations, but now by his Spirit he has revealed it to his holy apostles and prophets.

English Standard Version
which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit.

Berean Study Bible
which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets.

Berean Literal Bible
which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations as now it has been revealed in the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets,

New American Standard Bible
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

King James Bible
Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

Christian Standard Bible
This was not made known to people in other generations as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit:

Contemporary English Version
No one knew about this mystery until God's Spirit told it to his holy apostles and prophets.

Good News Translation
In past times human beings were not told this secret, but God has revealed it now by the Spirit to his holy apostles and prophets.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This was not made known to people in other generations as it is now revealed to His holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit:

International Standard Version
which in previous generations was not made known to human beings as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets. This is that secret:

NET Bible
Now this secret was not disclosed to people in former generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit,

New Heart English Bible
which in other generations was not made known to people, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Which in other generations was not made known to the children of men as now it is revealed to his holy Apostles and to his Prophets by The Spirit:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the past, this mystery was not known by people as it is now. The Spirit has now revealed it to his holy apostles and prophets.

New American Standard 1977
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Jubilee Bible 2000
which in other generations was not made known unto the sons of men as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit,

King James 2000 Bible
Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

American King James Version
Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

American Standard Version
which in other generation was not made known unto the sons of men, as it hath now been revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which in other generations was not known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit:

Darby Bible Translation
which in other generations has not been made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in [the power of the] Spirit,

English Revised Version
which in other generations was not made known unto the sons of men, as it hath now been revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Webster's Bible Translation
Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

Weymouth New Testament
which in earlier ages was not made known to the human race, as it has now been revealed to His holy Apostles and Prophets through the Spirit--

World English Bible
which in other generations was not made known to the children of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Young's Literal Translation
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it was now revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit --
Study Bible
The Mystery of the Gospel
4In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, 5which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. 6This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are fellow heirs, fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus.…
Cross References
Isaiah 52:15
so He will sprinkle many nations. Kings will shut their mouths because of Him. For they will see what they have not been told, and they will understand what they have not heard.

1 Corinthians 2:10
But God has revealed it to us by the Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God.

1 Corinthians 12:28
And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, and those with gifts of healing, helping, administration, and various tongues.

Ephesians 2:20
built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus Himself as the cornerstone.

2 Peter 3:2
by recalling what was foretold by the holy prophets and commanded by our Lord and Savior through your apostles.

Treasury of Scripture

Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

in other.

Ephesians 3:9
And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:

Matthew 13:17
For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.

Luke 10:24
For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.

as it.

Ephesians 2:20
And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;

Ephesians 4:11,12
And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; …

Matthew 23:34
Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:

by.

Luke 2:26,27
And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ…

John 14:26
But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

John 16:13
Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.







Lexicon
which
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

was not made known
ἐγνωρίσθη (egnōristhē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1107: To make known, declare, know, discover. From a derivative of ginosko; to make known; subjectively, to know.

to men
ἀνθρώπων (anthrōpōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

in other
ἑτέραις (heterais)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2087: (a) of two: another, a second, (b) other, different, (c) one's neighbor. Of uncertain affinity; other or different.

generations
γενεαῖς (geneais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1074: From genos; a generation; by implication, an age.

as
ὡς (hōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 5613: Probably adverb of comparative from hos; which how, i.e. In that manner.

it has now been revealed
ἀπεκαλύφθη (apekalyphthē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 601: To uncover, bring to light, reveal. From apo and kalupto; to take off the cover, i.e. Disclose.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[the] Spirit
Πνεύματι (Pneumati)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4151: Wind, breath, spirit.

to
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

[God’s]
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

holy
ἁγίοις (hagiois)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 40: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred.

apostles
ἀποστόλοις (apostolois)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 652: From apostello; a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

prophets.
προφήταις (prophētais)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4396: From a compound of pro and phemi; a foreteller; by analogy, an inspired speaker; by extension, a poet.
(5) Which in other ages (rather, to other generations) was not made known unto the sons of men.--For the general sense comp. Colossians 1:27. The phrase "the sons of men" (except that it is once used in Mark 3:28) is peculiar to the Old Testament, where it is of frequent use in the poetical books, and it is notable that in Ezekiel it is the name by which the prophet himself is constantly addressed. Hence, although it is probably wrong to restrict to the children of Israel, or to the prophets, words which by their very nature apply to all mankind, yet the phrase seems to be used with a suggestion of the contrast between the old dispensation and the new. (Comp. our Lord's words in Matthew 11:11, "Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.")

As it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit.--The application of the epithet "holy" to the Apostles has been thought strange as coming from one of their number; and it is worth notice that this exceptional application is certainly more appropriate to the comparatively impersonal style of an encyclical epistle. But the epithet (applied to the Old Testament prophets in Luke 1:70; Acts 3:21; 2Peter 3:2), like the frequent use of it as the substantive "saints," in application to all Christians, refers not to personal character, but to official call and privilege. In this passage it is clear that it is used thus, in emphatic contrast with "the sons of men" above, and in connection with the following words, "in the Spirit." The contrast here briefly conveyed is the same which is drawn out in 1 Corinthians 2 between the "wisdom of men," and the "wisdom of God," sanctifying, and so enlightening, the Christian soul.

Verse 5. - Which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations. Though not a new purpose, the knowledge of it is new. Abraham, David, and the prophets, however much they knew of Christ and the fullness of blessing in him for all the families of the earth, did not know the full extent of God's grace to the Gentiles - did not know that the middle wall was to be wholly broken down, and all inequality removed. This might seem to throw some doubt on the reality of this doctrine; but it was on purpose that God kept it secret, and those by whom he has now revealed it are worthy of all regard. As it has now been revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit. It is not revealed to Paul only, although he has got the privilege of announcing it to the Gentiles, but to the whole body of "holy apostles and prophets." The designation, "holy apostles," is rare; it is used here to magnify the office, to show that those whom the Head of the Church had set apart for himself were fit instruments to receive so important a revelation. "Prophets" here are undoubtedly New Testament prophets (see Ephesians 2:20), the contrast being with "sons of men in other generations." Reference may be made to the experience and decree of the Council of Jerusalem, guided by the Holy Spirit (see Acts 15:28). 3:1-7 For having preached the doctrine of truth, the apostle was a prisoner, but a prisoner of Jesus Christ; the object of special protection and care, while thus suffering for him. All the gracious offers of the gospel, and the joyful tidings it contains, come from the rich grace of God; it is the great means by which the Spirit works grace in the souls of men. The mystery, is that secret, hidden purpose of salvation through Christ. This was not so fully and clearly shown in the ages before Christ, as unto the prophets of the New Testament. This was the great truth made known to the apostle, that God would call the Gentiles to salvation by faith in Christ. An effectual working of Divine power attends the gifts of Divine grace. As God appointed Paul to the office, so he qualified him for it.
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