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Smith's Bible DictionaryProphet
The ordinary Hebrew word for prophet is nabi , derived from a verb signifying "to bubble forth" like a fountain; hence the word means one who announces or pours forth the declarations of God. The English word comes from the Greek prophetes (profetes), which signifies in classical Greek one who speaks for another , especially one who speaks for a god , and so interprets his will to man; hence its essential meaning is "an interpreter." The use of the word in its modern sense as "one who predicts" is post-classical. The larger sense of interpretation has not, however, been lost. In fact the English word ways been used in a closer sense. The different meanings or shades of meanings in which the abstract noun is employed in Scripture have been drawn out by Locke as follows: "Prophecy comprehends three things: prediction; singing by the dictate of the Spirit; and understanding and explaining the mysterious, hidden sense of Scripture by an immediate illumination and motion of the Spirit." Order and office . --The sacerdotal order was originally the instrument by which the members of the Jewish theocracy were taught and governed in things spiritual. Teaching by act and teaching by word were alike their task. But during the time of the judges, the priesthood sank into a state of degeneracy, and the people were no longer affected by the acted lessons of the ceremonial service. They required less enigmatic warnings and exhortations, under these circumstances a new moral power was evoked the Prophetic Order. Samuel himself Levite of the family of Kohath, (1 Chronicles 6:28) and almost certainly a priest, was the instrument used at once for effecting a reform in the sacerdotal order (1 Chronicles 9:22) and for giving to the prophets a position of importance which they had never before held. Nevertheless it is not to be supposed that Samuel created the prophetic order as a new thing before unknown. The germs both of the prophetic and of the regal order are found in the law as given to the Israelites by Moses, (13:1; 18:20; 17:18) but they were not yet developed, because there was not yet the demand for them. Samuel took measures to make his work of restoration permanent as well as effective for the moment. For this purpose he instituted companies or colleges of prophets. One we find in his lifetime at Ramah, (1 Samuel 19:19,20) others afterward at Bethel, (2 Kings 2:3) Jericho, (2 Kings 2:2,5) Gilgal; (2 Kings 4:38) and elsewhere. (2 Kings 6:1) Their constitution and object similar to those of theological colleges. Into them were gathered promising students, and here they were trained for the office which they were afterward destined to fulfill. So successful were these institutions that from the time of Samuel to the closing of the canon of the Old Testament there seems never to have been wanting due supply of men to keep up the line of official prophets. Their chief subject of study was, no doubt, the law and its interpretation; oral, as distinct from symbolical, teaching being thenceforward tacitly transferred from the priestly to the prophetic order. Subsidiary subjects of instruction were music and sacred poetry, both of which had been connected with prophecy from the time of Moses (Exodus 15:20) and the judges. (Judges 4:4; 5:1) But to belong to the prophetic order and to possess the prophetic gift are not convertible terms. Generally, the inspired prophet came from the college of prophets, and belonged to prophetic order; but this was not always the case. Thus Amos though called to the prophetic office did not belong to the prophetic order. (Amos 7:14) The sixteen prophets whose books are in the canon have that place of honor because they were endowed with the prophetic gift us well as ordinarily (so far as we know) belonging to the prophetic order. Characteristics . --What then are the characteristics of the sixteen prophets thus called and commissioned and intrusted with the messages of God to his people?
Easton's Bible Dictionary(Hebrews nabi, from a root meaning "to bubble forth, as from a fountain, " hence "to utter", Comp. Psalm 45:1). This Hebrew word is the first and the most generally used for a prophet. In the time of Samuel another word, ro'eh, "seer", began to be used (1 Samuel 9:9). It occurs seven times in reference to Samuel. Afterwards another word, hozeh, "seer" (2 Samuel 24:11), was employed. In 1 Ch. 29:29 all these three words are used: "Samuel the seer (ro'eh), Nathan the prophet (nabi'), Gad the seer" (hozeh). In Joshua 13:22 Balaam is called (Hebrews) a kosem "diviner," a word used only of a false prophet.
The "prophet" proclaimed the message given to him, as the "seer" beheld the vision of God. (See Numbers 12:6, 8.) Thus a prophet was a spokesman for God; he spake in God's name and by his authority (Exodus 7:1). He is the mouth by which God speaks to men (Jeremiah 1:9; Isaiah 51:16), and hence what the prophet says is not of man but of God (2 Peter 1:20, 21; Comp. Hebrews 3:7; Acts 4:25; 28:25). Prophets were the immediate organs of God for the communication of his mind and will to men (Deuteronomy 18:18, 19). The whole Word of God may in this general sense be spoken of as prophetic, inasmuch as it was written by men who received the revelation they communicated from God, no matter what its nature might be. The foretelling of future events was not a necessary but only an incidental part of the prophetic office. The great task assigned to the prophets whom God raised up among the people was "to correct moral and religious abuses, to proclaim the great moral and religious truths which are connected with the character of God, and which lie at the foundation of his government."
Any one being a spokesman for God to man might thus be called a prophet. Thus Enoch, Abraham, and the patriarchs, as bearers of God's message (Genesis 20:7; Exodus 7:1; Psalm 105:15), as also Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15; 34:10; Hosea 12:13), are ranked among the prophets. The seventy elders of Israel (Numbers 11:16-29), "when the spirit rested upon them, prophesied;" Asaph and Jeduthun "prophesied with a harp" (1 Chronicles 25:3). Miriam and Deborah were prophetesses (Exodus 15:20; Judges 4:4). The title thus has a general application to all who have messages from God to men.
But while the prophetic gift was thus exercised from the beginning, the prophetical order as such began with Samuel. Colleges, "schools of the prophets", were instituted for the training of prophets, who were constituted, a distinct order (1 Samuel 19:18-24; 2 Kings 2:3, 15; 4:38), which continued to the close of the Old Testament. Such "schools" were established at Ramah, Bethel, Gilgal, Gibeah, and Jericho. The "sons" or "disciples" of the prophets were young men (2 Kings 5:22; 9:1, 4) who lived together at these different "schools" (4:38-41). These young men were taught not only the rudiments of secular knowledge, but they were brought up to exercise the office of prophet, "to preach pure morality and the heart-felt worship of Jehovah, and to act along and co-ordinately with the priesthood and monarchy in guiding the state aright and checking all attempts at illegality and tyranny."
In New Testament times the prophetical office was continued. Our Lord is frequently spoken of as a prophet (Luke 13:33; 24:19). He was and is the great Prophet of the Church. There was also in the Church a distinct order of prophets (1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 2:20; 3:5), who made new revelations from God. They differed from the "teacher," whose office it was to impart truths already revealed.
Of the Old Testament prophets there are sixteen, whose prophecies form part of the inspired canon. These are divided into four groups:
(1.) The prophets of the northern kingdom (Israel), viz., Hosea, Amos, Joel, Jonah.
(2.) The prophets of Judah, viz., Isaiah, Jeremiah, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah.
(3.) The prophets of Captivity, viz., Ezekiel and Daniel.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) One who prophesies, or foretells events; a predictor; a foreteller.
2. (n.) One inspired or instructed by God to speak in his name, or announce future events, as, Moses, Elijah, etc.
3. (n.) An interpreter; a spokesman.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaOLD PROPHET, THE
(nabhi' 'echadh zaqen, "an old prophet" (1 Kings 13:11), ha-nabhi' ha-zaqen, "the old prophet" (1 Kings 13:29)):
CHRIST AS KING, PRIEST, PROPHET
See under several titles; also CHRIST, OFFICES OF.
PROPHET, THE OLD
See OLD PROPHET, THE.
Greek5578. pseudoprophetes -- a false prophet
... a false prophet. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: pseudoprophetes
Phonetic Spelling: (psyoo-dop-rof-ay'-tace) Short Definition: a false prophet ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5578.htm - 8k
4396. prophetes -- a prophet (an interpreter or forth-teller of ...
919. Bariesous -- "son of Joshua," Bar-Jesus, a false prophet
2495. Ionas -- Jonah, an Israelite prophet
2408. Ieremias -- Jeremiah, an OT prophet
5617. Hosee -- Hosea, an Israelite prophet
13. Agabos -- Agabus, a Christian prophet
2268. Esaias -- Isaiah, an Israelite prophet
4545. Samouel -- Samuel, a prophet and judge in Isr.
2243. Elias -- Elijah, an Israelite prophet
Strong's Hebrew5030. nabi -- a spokesman, speaker, prophet
... 5029, 5030. nabi. 5031 . a spokesman, speaker, prophet. Transliteration:
nabi Phonetic Spelling: (naw-bee') Short Definition: prophet. ...
/hebrew/5030.htm - 6k
5029. nebi -- a prophet
256. Achab -- "father's brother," a king of Isr., also a false ...
5151. Nachum -- an Israelite prophet
4401. Malaki -- "my messenger," an Israelite prophet
477. Elisha -- "God is salvation," a well-known Isr. prophet
452. Eliyyah -- "Yah is God," a well-known prophet of Isr., also ...
5986. Amos -- an Israelite prophet
2265. Chabaqquq -- a Hebrew prophet
1410. Gad -- a son of Jacob, also his tribe and its territory ...
Prophets and the Prophet
The Prophet Jonah.
The Making of a Prophet
John is a Prophet, but not the Prophet.
The Prophet Micah.
The Prophet Hosea.
The Child Prophet
The Prophet of the Highest.
The Prophet Joel.
The Prophet Amos.
ThesaurusProphet (315 Occurrences)
... hence "to utter", Comp. Psalm 45:1). This Hebrew word is the first and the
most generally used for a prophet. In the time of Samuel ...
/p/prophet.htm - 49k
Prophet's (22 Occurrences)
Amoz (14 Occurrences)
Malachi (2 Occurrences)
Seer (21 Occurrences)
Yea (867 Occurrences)
Prediction (4 Occurrences)
Presumptuously (10 Occurrences)
Prophesies (17 Occurrences)
Berechiah (12 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceProphet (315 Occurrences)
Matthew 1:22 Now all this has happened, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,
Matthew 2:5 They said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is written through the prophet,
Matthew 2:15 and was there until the death of Herod; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, "Out of Egypt I called my son."
Matthew 2:17 Then that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
Matthew 3:3 For this is he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying, "The voice of one crying in the wilderness, make ready the way of the Lord. Make his paths straight."
Matthew 4:14 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,
Matthew 8:17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying: "He took our infirmities, and bore our diseases."
Matthew 10:41 He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet's reward. He who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man will receive a righteous man's reward.
Matthew 11:9 But why did you go out? To see a prophet? Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet.
Matthew 12:17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,
Matthew 12:39 But he answered them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, but no sign will be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet.
Matthew 13:35 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, "I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world."
Matthew 13:57 They were offended by him. But Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor, except in his own country, and in his own house."
Matthew 14:5 When he would have put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet.
Matthew 16:4 An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there will be no sign given to it, except the sign of the prophet Jonah." He left them, and departed.
Matthew 21:4 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying,
Matthew 21:11 The multitudes said, "This is the prophet, Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee."
Matthew 21:26 But if we say,'From men,' we fear the multitude, for all hold John as a prophet."
Matthew 21:46 When they sought to seize him, they feared the multitudes, because they considered him to be a prophet.
Matthew 24:15 "When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),
Matthew 26:68 while they taunted Him, saying, "Christ, prove yourself a Prophet by telling us who it was that struck you."
Matthew 27:9 Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, "They took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him upon whom a price had been set, whom some of the children of Israel priced,
Matthew 27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
Mark 1:2 As it is written in the prophets, "Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.
Mark 6:4 Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor, except in his own country, and among his own relatives, and in his own house."
Mark 6:15 But others said, "He is Elijah." Others said, "He is a prophet, or like one of the prophets."
Mark 11:32 If we should say,'From men'"-they feared the people, for all held John to really be a prophet.
Mark 13:14 But when you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains,
Mark 14:65 Thereupon some began to spit on Him, and to blindfold Him, while striking Him with their fists and crying, "Prove that you are a prophet." The officers too struck Him with open hands as they took Him in charge.
Luke 1:67 And his father, Zacharias, was full of the Holy Spirit, and with the voice of a prophet said these words:
Luke 1:76 And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the face of the Lord to make ready his ways,
Luke 2:36 There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity,
Luke 3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, "The voice of one crying in the wilderness,'Make ready the way of the Lord. Make his paths straight.
Luke 4:17 The book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. He opened the book, and found the place where it was written,
Luke 4:24 He said, "Most certainly I tell you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown.
Luke 4:27 There were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman, the Syrian."
Luke 7:16 Fear took hold of all, and they glorified God, saying, "A great prophet has arisen among us!" and, "God has visited his people!"
Luke 7:26 But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet.
Luke 7:28 "For I tell you, among those who are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptizer, yet he who is least in the Kingdom of God is greater than he."
Luke 7:39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw it, he said to himself, "This man, if he were a prophet, would have perceived who and what kind of woman this is who touches him, that she is a sinner."
Luke 9:8 and by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the old prophets had risen again.
Luke 9:19 They answered, "'John the Baptizer,' but others say,'Elijah,' and others, that one of the old prophets is risen again."
Luke 11:29 When the multitudes were gathering together to him, he began to say, "This is an evil generation. It seeks after a sign. No sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah, the prophet.
Luke 13:33 Nevertheless I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the next day, for it can't be that a prophet perish outside of Jerusalem.'
Luke 20:6 But if we say,'From men,' all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a prophet."
Luke 22:64 or blindfolded Him, and then challenged Him. "Prove to us," they said, "that you are a prophet, by telling us who it was that struck you."
Luke 24:19 He said to them, "What things?" They said to him, "The things concerning Jesus, the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people;
John 1:21 They asked him, "What then? Are you Elijah?" He said, "I am not." "Are you the prophet?" He answered, "No."
John 1:23 He said, "I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness,'Make straight the way of the Lord,' as Isaiah the prophet said."
John 1:25 They asked him, "Why then do you baptize, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?"
John 4:19 The woman said to him, "Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet.
John 4:44 For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.
John 6:14 When therefore the people saw the sign which Jesus did, they said, "This is truly the prophet who comes into the world."
John 7:40 Many of the multitude therefore, when they heard these words, said, "This is truly the prophet."
John 7:52 They answered him, "Are you also from Galilee? Search, and see that no prophet has arisen out of Galilee. "
John 9:17 Therefore they asked the blind man again, "What do you say about him, because he opened your eyes?" He said, "He is a prophet."
John 9:18 and he said -- 'He is a prophet.' The Jews, therefore, did not believe concerning him that he was blind and did receive sight, till that they called the parents of him who received sight,
John 11:51 He did not say this of himself, but being the high priest that year he said, as a prophet, that Jesus would be put to death for the nation;
John 12:38 that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke, "Lord, who has believed our report? To whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?"
Acts 2:16 But this is what has been spoken through the prophet Joel:
Acts 2:30 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne,
Acts 3:22 For Moses indeed said to the fathers,'The Lord God will raise up a prophet for you from among your brothers, like me. You shall listen to him in all things whatever he says to you.
Acts 3:23 It will be, that every soul that will not listen to that prophet will be utterly destroyed from among the people.'
Acts 7:37 This is that Moses, who said to the children of Israel,'The Lord our God will raise up a prophet for you from among your brothers, like me.'
Acts 7:48 However, the Most High doesn't dwell in temples made with hands, as the prophet says,
Acts 8:28 He was returning and sitting in his chariot, and was reading the prophet Isaiah.
Acts 8:30 Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, "Do you understand what you are reading?"
Acts 8:34 The eunuch answered Philip, "Who is the prophet talking about? About himself, or about someone else?"
Acts 13:6 When they had gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar Jesus,
Acts 13:20 After these things he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.
Acts 21:10 As we stayed there some days, a certain prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.
Acts 28:25 When they didn't agree among themselves, they departed after Paul had spoken one word, "The Holy Spirit spoke rightly through Isaiah, the prophet, to our fathers,
Romans 12:6 But since we have special gifts which differ in accordance with the diversified work graciously entrusted to us, if it is prophecy, let the prophet speak in exact proportion to his faith;
1 Corinthians 11:4 Every man who takes part in prayer, or gives teaching as a prophet, with his head covered, puts shame on his head.
1 Corinthians 14:3 But the word of the prophet gives men knowledge and comfort and strength.
1 Corinthians 14:6 But, now, my brothers, if I come to you using tongues, what profit will it be to you, if I do not give you a revelation, or knowledge, or the word of the prophet, or teaching?
1 Corinthians 14:37 If any man thinks himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him recognize the things which I write to you, that they are the commandment of the Lord.
Titus 1:12 One of them, a prophet of their own, said, "Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, and idle gluttons."
2 Peter 2:16 but he was rebuked for his own disobedience. A mute donkey spoke with a man's voice and stopped the madness of the prophet.
Jude 1:14 The prophet Enoch, who was the seventh after Adam, said of these men, The Lord came with tens of thousands of his saints,
Revelation 2:20 But I have this against you, that you tolerate your woman, Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess. She teaches and seduces my servants to commit sexual immorality, and to eat things sacrificed to idols.
Revelation 16:13 I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, something like frogs;
Revelation 19:19 And I saw the Wild Beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, all assembled to make war, once for all, against the Rider upon the horse and against His army. And the Wild Beast was captured, and with him the false Prophet
Revelation 19:20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur.
Revelation 20:10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
Revelation 22:7 See, I come quickly. A blessing on him who keeps the words of this book of the prophet.
Genesis 20:7 Now therefore, restore the man's wife. For he is a prophet, and he will pray for you, and you will live. If you don't restore her, know for sure that you will die, you, and all who are yours."
Exodus 7:1 Yahweh said to Moses, "Behold, I have made you as God to Pharaoh; and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.
Exodus 15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand; and all the women went out after her with tambourines and with dances.
Numbers 12:6 He said, "Hear now my words. If there is a prophet among you, I Yahweh will make myself known to him in a vision. I will speak with him in a dream.
Numbers 22:7 So the responsible men of Moab and Midian went away, taking in their hands rewards for the prophet; and they came to Balaam and said to him what Balak had given them orders to say.
Deuteronomy 13:1 If there arise in the midst of you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and he give you a sign or a wonder,
Deuteronomy 13:3 you shall not listen to the words of that prophet, or to that dreamer of dreams: for Yahweh your God proves you, to know whether you love Yahweh your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
Deuteronomy 13:5 That prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death, because he has spoken rebellion against Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to draw you aside out of the way which Yahweh your God commanded you to walk in. So you shall put away the evil from the midst of you.
Deuteronomy 18:15 Yahweh your God will raise up to you a prophet from the midst of you, of your brothers, like me. You shall listen to him.
Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise them up a prophet from among their brothers, like you; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I shall command him.
Deuteronomy 18:19 It shall happen, that whoever will not listen to my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
Deuteronomy 18:20 But the prophet, who shall speak a word presumptuously in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who shall speak in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die."
Deuteronomy 18:22 when a prophet speaks in the name of Yahweh, if the thing doesn't follow, nor happen, that is the thing which Yahweh has not spoken: the prophet has spoken it presumptuously, you shall not be afraid of him.
Deuteronomy 34:10 There has not arisen a prophet since in Israel like Moses, whom Yahweh knew face to face,
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