Acts 2:30
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne.

New Living Translation
But he was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David's own descendants would sit on his throne.

English Standard Version
Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne,

New American Standard Bible
"And so, because he was a prophet and knew that GOD HAD SWORN TO HIM WITH AN OATH TO SEAT one OF HIS DESCENDANTS ON HIS THRONE,

King James Bible
Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Since he was a prophet, he knew that God had sworn an oath to him to seat one of his descendants on his throne.

International Standard Version
Therefore, since he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him with an oath to put one of his descendants on his throne,

NET Bible
So then, because he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants on his throne,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“For he was a Prophet, and he knew that God had sworn to him in an oath: “One from the fruit of your body I shall seat upon your throne.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David was a prophet and knew that God had promised with an oath that he would place one of David's descendants on his throne.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore being a prophet and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne;

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of his descendants, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

American King James Version
Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

American Standard Version
Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins he would set one upon his throne;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whereas therefore he was a prophet, and knew that God hath sworn to him with an oath, that of the fruit of his loins one should sit upon his throne.

Darby Bible Translation
Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn to him with an oath, of the fruit of his loins to set upon his throne;

English Revised Version
Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins he would set one upon his throne;

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn to him with an oath, that from the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

Weymouth New Testament
Being a Prophet, however, and knowing that God had solemnly sworn to him to seat a descendant of his upon his throne,

World English Bible
Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne,

Young's Literal Translation
a prophet, therefore, being, and knowing that with an oath God did swear to him, out of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, to raise up the Christ, to sit upon his throne,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:22-36 From this gift of the Holy Ghost, Peter preaches unto them Jesus: and here is the history of Christ. Here is an account of his death and sufferings, which they witnessed but a few weeks before. His death is considered as God's act; and of wonderful grace and wisdom. Thus Divine justice must be satisfied, God and man brought together again, and Christ himself glorified, according to an eternal counsel, which could not be altered. And as the people's act; in them it was an act of awful sin and folly. Christ's resurrection did away the reproach of his death; Peter speaks largely upon this. Christ was God's Holy One, sanctified and set apart to his service in the work of redemption. His death and sufferings should be, not to him only, but to all his, the entrance to a blessed life for evermore. This event had taken place as foretold, and the apostles were witnesses. Nor did the resurrection rest upon this alone; Christ had poured upon his disciples the miraculous gifts and Divine influences, of which they witnessed the effects. Through the Saviour, the ways of life are made known; and we are encouraged to expect God's presence, and his favour for evermore. All this springs from assured belief that Jesus is the Lord, and the anointed Saviour.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 30. - Being therefore for therefore being, A.V.; that of the fruit of his loins he would set one upon for that of the fruit of his loins according to the flesh he would raise up Christ to sit on, A.V. and T.R. Had sworn, etc. The first record of God's promise to David is in 2 Samuel 7:11-16: "The Lord telleth thee that he will make thee an house. And... I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and will establish his kingdom.... Thy throne shall be established forever;" and in ver. 28, David speaks of it as God's promise: "Thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant." But there is no mention there of an oath. But in Psalm 89, great stress is laid upon God having sworn to David: "I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations" (vers. 3, 4); and again, ver. 35, "Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David" 1 Samuel 7 and Psalm 89, should be read through carefully (comp. also Isaiah 4:3; Acts 13:23). (For the phrase, "I have sworn by my holiness," see Amos 4:2.)

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Therefore being a prophet,.... Who could foretell things to come, as he did many things concerning the sufferings and death of Christ, and the circumstances attending it, concerning his resurrection, ascension, and session at the right hand of God. So the title of his "Psalms", in the Syriac version, runs thus; the "Book of the Psalms of David, King and Prophet": and in the Arabic version, "the First Book of the Psalms of David the Prophet, King of the Children of Israel". Though the Jews (d) will not allow him, nor Solomon, nor Daniel, to be strictly and properly prophets, they make a difference between prophecy, and the Holy Spirit. They own, that the book of Psalms was written under the influence of the Holy Spirit, but not by prophecy; and therefore they place it among the Hagiographa, or holy writings, but not among the Prophets: though after all, Kimchi allows David to be a prophet, since he is called a man of God; for he says this name is not said of any but , "of a prophet" (e); and Peter is right in calling him so:

and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him; as he did in Psalm 132:11.

that of the fruit of his loins; of one that should be of his seed, that should spring from him, even the Virgin Mary, who was of the house and lineage of David:

according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ; would send him forth, according to the human nature; for this phrase respects not his resurrection from the dead, but his incarnation or exhibition in the flesh, as in Acts 3:26. This clause is wanting in the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions, and in the Alexandrian copy, and should be read in a parenthesis; since it is not in the text in Psalm 132:11.

to sit on his throne; on the throne of David his father; see Gill on Luke 1:32.

(d) Maimon. More Nevochim, par. 2. c. 45. Vid. Procop. Gazaeum in Reg. l. 2. c. 23. sect. 2.((e) Kimchi Praefat. ad Psalm.



Acts 2:30 Additional Commentaries
Context
Peter Preaches to the Crowd
29"Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30"And so, because he was a prophet and knew that GOD HAD SWORN TO HIM WITH AN OATH TO SEAT one OF HIS DESCENDANTS ON HIS THRONE, 31he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that HE WAS NEITHER ABANDONED TO HADES, NOR DID His flesh SUFFER DECAY.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 7:12
When your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, your own flesh and blood, and I will establish his kingdom.

Psalm 89:3
You said, "I have made a covenant with my chosen one, I have sworn to David my servant,

Psalm 132:11
The LORD swore an oath to David, a sure oath he will not revoke: "One of your own descendants I will place on your throne.

Psalm 132:12
If your sons keep my covenant and the statutes I teach them, then their sons will sit on your throne for ever and ever."

Jeremiah 30:9
Instead, they will serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.

Matthew 22:43
He said to them, "How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him 'Lord'? For he says,

Hebrews 1:1
In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways,
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

being.

Acts 1:16 Men and brothers, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled…

2 Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, and his word was in my tongue.

Matthew 27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that …

Mark 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, …

Luke 24:44 And he said to them, These are the words which I spoke to you, while …

Hebrews 3:7 Why (as the Holy Ghost said, To day if you will hear his voice,

Hebrews 4:7 Again, he limits a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so …

2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy …

knowing.

2 Samuel 7:11-16 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people …

1 Chronicles 17:11-15 And it shall come to pass, when your days be expired that you must …

Psalm 89:3,4,19-37 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant…

Psalm 110:1-5 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make …

Psalm 132:11-18 The LORD has sworn in truth to David; he will not turn from it; Of …

Romans 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed …

2 Timothy 2:8 Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the …

Hebrews 7:1,2,21 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, …

with.

Hebrews 6:17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to show to the heirs of promise …

he.

Psalm 2:6-12 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion…

Psalm 72:1-19 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son…

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin …

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Jeremiah 33:14,15 Behold, the days come, said the LORD…

Amos 9:11,12 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, …

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands …

Luke 1:31-33,69,70 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, …

Luke 2:10,11 And the angel said to them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good …

John 18:36,37 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were …

Romans 15:12 And again, Esaias said, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that …

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING …

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