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Smith's Bible DictionaryDarkness
is spoken of as encompassing the actual presence of God, as that out of which he speaks, --the envelope, as it were, of divine glory. (Exodus 20:21; 1 Kings 8:12) The plague of darkness in Egypt was miraculous. The darkness "over all the land," (Matthew 27:45) attending the crucifixion has been attributed to an eclipse, but was undoubtedly miraculous, as no eclipse of the sun could have taken place at that time, the moon being at the full at the time of the passover. Darkness is also, as in the expression "land of darkness," used for the state of the dead, (Job 10:21,22) and frequently, figuratively, for ignorance and unbelief, as the privation of spiritual light. (John 1:5; 3:19)
ATS Bible DictionaryDarkness
The absence of natural light, Genesis 1:2, and hence figuratively a state of misery and adversity, Job 18:6 Psalm 107:10 Isaiah 8:22 9:1; also the absence of the sun and stars, and hence the fall of chief men and national convulsions, Isaiah 13:10 Acts 2:20. "Works of darkness," are the impure mysteries practiced in heathen worship, Ephesians 5:11. "Outer darkness" illustrates the gloom of those on whom the gates of heaven are closed, Matthew 8:12. The darkness in Egypt, Exodus 10:21-23, was miraculous; also that which covered all Judea with sympathetic gloom at the crucifixion of Christ, Luke 23:43. This could not have been caused by an eclipse of the sun; for at Passover the moon was full, and on the opposite side of the earth from the sun.
Easton's Bible DictionaryThe plague (the ninth) of darkness in Egypt (Exodus 10:21) is described as darkness "which may be felt." It covered "all the land of Egypt," so that "they saw not one another." It did not extend to the land of Goshen (ver. 23).
On Mount Sinai, Moses (Exodus 20:21) "drew near unto the thick darkness where God was." This was the "thick cloud upon the mount" in which Jehovah was when he spake unto Moses there. The Lord dwelt in the cloud upon the mercy-seat (1 Kings 8:12), the cloud of glory. When the psalmist (Psalm 97:2) describes the inscrutable nature of God's workings among the sons of men, he says, "Clouds and darkness are round about him." God dwells in thick darkness.
Darkness (Isaiah 13:9, 10; Matthew 24:29) also is a symbol of the judgments that attend on the coming of the Lord. It is a symbol of misery and adversity (Job 18:6; Psalm 107:10; Isaiah 8:22; Ezek. 30:18). The "day of darkness" in Joel 2:2, caused by clouds of locusts, is a symbol of the obscurity which overhangs all divine proceedings. "Works of darkness" are impure actions (Ephesians 5:11). "Outer darkness" refers to the darkness of the streets in the East, which are never lighted up by any public or private lamps after nightfall, in contrast with the blaze of cheerful light in the house. It is also a symbol of ignorance (Isaiah 9:2; 60:2; Matthew 6:23) and of death (Job 10:21; 17:13).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) The absence of light; blackness; obscurity; gloom.
2. (n.) A state of privacy; secrecy.
3. (n.) A state of ignorance or error, especially on moral or religious subjects; hence, wickedness; impurity.
4. (n.) Want of clearness or perspicuity; obscurity; as, the darkness of a subject, or of a discussion.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaDARK; DARKNESS
dark, dark'-nes (choshekh; skotos):
Greek4653. skotia -- darkness
... darkness. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: skotia Phonetic Spelling:
(skot-ee'-ah) Short Definition: darkness Definition: darkness; fig ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4653.htm - 6k
4655. skotos -- darkness
1105. gnophos -- darkness, gloom
2217. zophos -- deep gloom
4652. skoteinos -- dark
4639. skia -- shadow
4656. skotoo -- to darken
1659. eleutheroo -- to make free, fig. to exempt (from liability)
541. apaugasma -- radiance
5461. photizo -- to shine, give light
Strong's Hebrew2825. chashekah -- darkness
... 2824, 2825. chashekah. 2826 . darkness. Transliteration: chashekah Phonetic
Spelling: (khash-ay-kaw') Short Definition: darkness. ...
/hebrew/2825.htm - 6k
5890. ephah -- darkness
652. ophel -- darkness, gloom
2816. chashok -- darkness
2822. choshek -- darkness, obscurity
653. aphelah -- darkness, gloominess, calamity
3991. maapheleyah -- deep darkness
3990. maaphel -- darkness
6940. qadruth -- darkness, gloom
3650. kimrir -- darkness, gloominess
Light in Darkness.
There is a Divine Darkness which is not Evil, and which Ultimately ...
How the Darkness Failed to Overtake the Light.
Different Kinds of Light; and of Darkness.
Unfruitful Works of Darkness
Darkness Before the Dawn
Whether the Damned are in Material Darkness?
When Darkness Falls and Night is Here,
Light through Darkness.
The Cross the victory and Defeat of Darkness
ThesaurusDarkness (177 Occurrences)
... The plague (the ninth) of darkness in Egypt (Exodus 10:21) is described as darkness
"which may be felt." It covered "all the land of Egypt," so that "they saw ...
/d/darkness.htm - 41k
Blackness (13 Occurrences)
Obscurity (10 Occurrences)
Gloom (29 Occurrences)
Death-shade (16 Occurrences)
Shades (29 Occurrences)
Gross (12 Occurrences)
Shines (15 Occurrences)
Noon (30 Occurrences)
Shineth (13 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceDarkness (177 Occurrences)
Matthew 4:16 the people who sat in darkness saw a great light, to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, to them light has dawned."
Matthew 6:23 But if your eye is evil, your whole body will be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
Matthew 8:12 but the children of the Kingdom will be thrown out into the outer darkness. There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
Matthew 10:27 What I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light; and what you hear whispered in the ear, proclaim on the housetops.
Matthew 22:13 Then the king said to the servants,'Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and throw him into the outer darkness; there is where the weeping and grinding of teeth will be.'
Matthew 25:30 Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.
Mark 15:33 When the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
Luke 1:79 to shine on those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death; to guide our feet into the way of peace."
Luke 11:34 The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore when your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light; but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness.
Luke 11:35 Therefore see whether the light that is in you isn't darkness.
Luke 12:3 Therefore whatever you have said in the darkness will be heard in the light. What you have spoken in the ear in the inner chambers will be proclaimed on the housetops.
Luke 22:53 When I was with you in the temple daily, you didn't stretch out your hands against me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness."
Luke 23:44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.
John 1:5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness hasn't overcome it.
John 3:19 This is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their works were evil.
John 6:17 and having entered into the boat, they were going over the sea to Capernaum, and darkness had already come, and Jesus had not come unto them,
John 8:12 Again, therefore, Jesus spoke to them, saying, "I am the light of the world. He who follows me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life."
John 12:35 Jesus therefore said to them, "Yet a little while the light is with you. Walk while you have the light, that darkness doesn't overtake you. He who walks in the darkness doesn't know where he is going.
John 12:46 I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in me may not remain in the darkness.
John 20:1 And on the first of the sabbaths, Mary the Magdalene doth come early (there being yet darkness) to the tomb, and she seeth the stone having been taken away out of the tomb,
Acts 2:20 The sun will be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes.
Acts 13:11 Now, behold, the hand of the Lord is on you, and you will be blind, not seeing the sun for a season!" Immediately a mist and darkness fell on him. He went around seeking someone to lead him by the hand.
Acts 26:18 to open their eyes, that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive remission of sins and an inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'
Romans 2:19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide of the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,
Romans 11:10 Let darkness come over their eyes that they may be unable to see, and make Thou their backs continually to stoop."
Romans 13:12 The night is far gone, and the day is near. Let's therefore throw off the works of darkness, and let's put on the armor of light.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Then each man will get his praise from God.
2 Corinthians 4:6 seeing it is God who said, "Light will shine out of darkness," who has shone in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
2 Corinthians 6:14 Don't be unequally yoked with unbelievers, for what fellowship have righteousness and iniquity? Or what fellowship has light with darkness?
2 Corinthians 6:15 and what fellowship to light with darkness? and what concord to Christ with Belial? or what part to a believer with an unbeliever?
Ephesians 5:8 For you were once darkness, but are now light in the Lord. Walk as children of light,
Ephesians 5:11 Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather even reprove them.
Ephesians 6:12 For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world's rulers of the darkness of this age, and against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.
Colossians 1:13 who delivered us out of the power of darkness, and translated us into the Kingdom of the Son of his love;
1 Thessalonians 5:4 But you, brothers, aren't in darkness, that the day should overtake you like a thief.
1 Thessalonians 5:5 You are all children of light, and children of the day. We don't belong to the night, nor to darkness,
Hebrews 12:18 For you have not come to a mountain that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and to blackness, darkness, storm,
1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God's own possession, that you may proclaim the excellence of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light:
2 Peter 2:4 For if God didn't spare angels when they sinned, but cast them down to Tartarus, and committed them to pits of darkness, to be reserved for judgment;
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved forever.
1 John 1:5 This is the message which we have heard from him and announce to you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.
1 John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him and walk in the darkness, we lie, and don't tell the truth.
1 John 2:8 Again, I write a new commandment to you, which is true in him and in you; because the darkness is passing away, and the true light already shines.
1 John 2:9 He who says he is in the light and hates his brother, is in the darkness even until now.
1 John 2:11 But he who hates his brother is in the darkness, and walks in the darkness, and doesn't know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes.
Jude 1:6 Angels who didn't keep their first domain, but deserted their own dwelling place, he has kept in everlasting bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day.
Jude 1:13 wild waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved forever.
Revelation 16:10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,
Genesis 1:2 Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
Genesis 1:4 God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness.
Genesis 1:5 God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." There was evening and there was morning, one day.
Genesis 1:18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good.
Genesis 15:12 When the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram. Now terror and great darkness fell on him.
Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold, a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch that passed between these pieces.
Exodus 10:21 Yahweh said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward the sky, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt."
Exodus 10:22 Moses stretched forth his hand toward the sky, and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.
Exodus 14:20 It came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness, yet gave it light by night: and the one didn't come near the other all the night.
Exodus 19:9 And Jehovah said to Moses, Lo, I will come to thee in the cloud's thick darkness, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee also for ever. And Moses told the words of the people to Jehovah.
Exodus 20:21 The people stayed at a distance, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.
Deuteronomy 4:11 You came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the heart of the sky, with darkness, cloud, and thick darkness.
Deuteronomy 5:22 These words Yahweh spoke to all your assembly on the mountain out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. He wrote them on two tables of stone, and gave them to me.
Deuteronomy 5:23 It happened, when you heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, that you came near to me, even all the heads of your tribes, and your elders;
Deuteronomy 28:29 and you shall grope at noonday, as the blind gropes in darkness, and you shall not prosper in your ways: and you shall be only oppressed and robbed always, and there shall be none to save you.
Joshua 24:7 When they cried out to Yahweh, he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea on them, and covered them; and your eyes saw what I did in Egypt: and you lived in the wilderness many days.
1 Samuel 2:9 He will keep the feet of his holy ones, but the wicked shall be put to silence in darkness; for no man shall prevail by strength.
2 Samuel 22:10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down. Thick darkness was under his feet.
2 Samuel 22:12 He made darkness pavilions around himself: gathering of waters, and thick clouds of the skies.
2 Samuel 22:29 For you are my lamp, Yahweh. Yahweh will light up my darkness.
1 Kings 8:12 Then Solomon said, "Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
2 Chronicles 6:1 Then spoke Solomon, Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
Job 3:4 Let that day be darkness. Don't let God from above seek for it, neither let the light shine on it.
Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own. Let a cloud dwell on it. Let all that makes black the day terrify it.
Job 3:6 As for that night, let thick darkness seize on it. Let it not rejoice among the days of the year. Let it not come into the number of the months.
Job 5:14 They meet with darkness in the day time, and grope at noonday as in the night.
Job 7:4 If I lie down, I say, When shall I rise up, and the darkness be gone? and I am full of tossings until the dawn.
Job 10:21 before I go where I shall not return from, to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;
Job 10:22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.
Job 11:17 Life shall be clearer than the noonday. Though there is darkness, it shall be as the morning.
Job 12:22 He uncovers deep things out of darkness, and brings out to light the shadow of death.
Job 12:25 They feel darkness, and not light, He causeth them to wander as a drunkard.
Job 15:22 He doesn't believe that he shall return out of darkness. He is waited for by the sword.
Job 15:23 He wanders abroad for bread, saying,'Where is it?' He knows that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.
Job 15:30 He shall not depart out of darkness. The flame shall dry up his branches. By the breath of God's mouth shall he go away.
Job 16:16 My face is red with weeping. Deep darkness is on my eyelids.
Job 17:12 They change the night into day, saying'The light is near' in the presence of darkness.
Job 17:13 If I look for Sheol as my house, if I have spread my couch in the darkness,
Job 18:18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.
Job 19:8 He has walled up my way so that I can't pass, and has set darkness in my paths.
Job 20:26 All darkness is laid up for his treasures. An unfanned fire shall devour him. It shall consume that which is left in his tent.
Job 22:11 or darkness, so that you can not see, and floods of waters cover you.
Job 22:13 You say,'What does God know? Can he judge through the thick darkness?
Job 23:17 Because I was not cut off before the darkness, neither did he cover the thick darkness from my face.
Job 24:16 He hath dug in the darkness -- houses; By day they shut themselves up, They have not known light.
Job 24:17 For the morning is to all of them like thick darkness, for they know the terrors of the thick darkness.
Job 26:10 He has described a boundary on the surface of the waters, and to the confines of light and darkness.
Job 28:3 Man sets an end to darkness, and searches out, to the furthest bound, the stones of obscurity and of thick darkness.
Job 29:3 when his lamp shone on my head, and by his light I walked through darkness,
Job 30:26 When I looked for good, then evil came; When I waited for light, there came darkness.
Job 34:22 There is no darkness, nor thick gloom, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
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