Psalm 97:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Clouds and thick darkness surround him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

New Living Translation
Dark clouds surround him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

English Standard Version
Clouds and thick darkness are all around him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

New American Standard Bible
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

King James Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

International Standard Version
Thick clouds are all around him; righteousness and justice are his throne's foundation.

NET Bible
Dark clouds surround him; equity and justice are the foundation of his throne.

New Heart English Bible
Clouds and darkness are around him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Clouds and thick darkness surround him; his throne is established in righteousness and in judgment.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Clouds and darkness surround him. Righteousness and justice are the foundations of his throne.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Clouds and darkness are round about Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

New American Standard 1977
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him;
            Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Clouds and darkness are round about him; righteousness and judgment are the seat of his throne.

King James 2000 Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and justice are the habitation of his throne.

American King James Version
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

American Standard Version
Clouds and darkness are round about him: Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: justice and judgment are the establishment of his throne.

Darby Bible Translation
Clouds and darkness are round about him; righteousness and judgment are the foundation of his throne.

English Revised Version
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the foundation of his throne.

Webster's Bible Translation
Clouds and darkness surround him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

World English Bible
Clouds and darkness are around him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Young's Literal Translation
Cloud and darkness are round about Him, Righteousness and judgment the basis of His throne.
Study Bible
Let the Multitude of Islands Be Glad!
1The LORD reigns, let the earth rejoice; Let the many islands be glad. 2Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne. 3Fire goes before Him And burns up His adversaries round about.…
Cross References
Exodus 19:9
The LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I will come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you and may also believe in you forever." Then Moses told the words of the people to the LORD.

Deuteronomy 4:8
"Or what great nation is there that has statutes and judgments as righteous as this whole law which I am setting before you today?

Deuteronomy 4:11
"You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, and the mountain burned with fire to the very heart of the heavens: darkness, cloud and thick gloom.

2 Samuel 22:10
"He bowed the heavens also, and came down With thick darkness under His feet.

1 Kings 8:12
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud.

Job 26:9
"He obscures the face of the full moon And spreads His cloud over it.

Psalm 18:9
He bowed the heavens also, and came down With thick darkness under His feet.

Psalm 18:11
He made darkness His hiding place, His canopy around Him, Darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.

Psalm 47:8
God reigns over the nations, God sits on His holy throne.

Psalm 89:14
Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne; Lovingkindness and truth go before You.
Treasury of Scripture

Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

clouds

Psalm 18:11,12 He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were …

Psalm 77:19 Your way is in the sea, and your path in the great waters, and your …

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness …

Exodus 24:16-18 And the glory of the LORD stayed on mount Sinai, and the cloud covered …

Deuteronomy 4:11,12 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain …

1 Kings 8:10-12 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, …

Nahum 1:3 The LORD is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all …

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! …

righteousness

Psalm 45:6,7 Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom …

Psalm 89:14 Justice and judgment are the habitation of your throne: mercy and …

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, …

Genesis 18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous …

Hebrews 1:8,9 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: …

habitation. or, establishment

Proverbs 16:12 It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne …

(2) Clouds and darkness.--Comp. Psalm 18:10-12. The imagery in the first instance is borrowed from the Theophany at Sinai. (Exodus 19:9; Exodus 19:16; Exodus 20:21; Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:22-23.)

Are the habitation.--Better, are the foundation, or pillars. (See margin.) This reappears from Psalm 89:14, but the connection with "clouds and darkness" is peculiar to this poet, and is striking. The immediate effect on the Hebrew mind, of the awful manifestation of the Divine power in nature, is not fear, but a sublime sense of safety in the established right and truth of God. They knew that it is one and the same power

"Which makes the darkness and the light,

And dwells not in the light alone,

But in the darkness and the cloud,

As over Sinai's peaks of old,

While Israel made them gods of gold,

Although the trumpet blew so loud."

TENNYSON: In Memoriam.

Verse 2. - Clouds and darkness are round about him (comp. Exodus 19:16, 18; Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:22:1 Kings 8:12). The "darkness" does not belong to the nature of God, who "is Light, and in him is no darkness at all" (1 John 1:5), but to the interrelationship between God and man, in which are involved problems that man cannot solve. Righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne; rather, the foundation of his throne - the firm basis on which it is immovably fixed. Clouds and darkness are round about him,.... Either as a garment; so Apollinarius paraphrases it,

"near is the King clothed with a cloud and tempest;''

and it is usual with the Heathens to represent their deities as surrounded or clothed with a cloud (s): here the allusion is to the tabernacle and temple, when reared up and dedicated, Exodus 40:34 1 Kings 8:10 and to other appearances of God, or Christ, in a cloud, Exodus 19:9, it may denote the obscurity of his divine nature at his first coming; he appearing in the form of a servant, and in the likeness of sinful flesh, so that few discerned his glory as the glory of the only begotten of the Father; as also the darkness and blindness of the Jews concerning him, who could not perceive him to be the Messiah; notwithstanding all the characters of him; clouds and darkness were about him to them; as they were, in a literal sense, when he hung on the cross; the sun withdrew and hid itself, and darkness was upon the face of the earth for three hours; Christ was enveloped in it; and a greater darkness surrounded his soul when his divine Father hid his face from him: dark providences attended the first setting up of his kingdom, and the ministration of his Gospel in the world; the apostles, the first preachers of it, were persecuted by their own countrymen the Jews; the whole Gentile world was against them; the Roman empire, emperors, and governors of provinces, opposed them; wherever there was an open door, there were many adversaries, so that things looked very unpromising: nevertheless these clouds were dissipated, and the difficulties got over; though this has sometimes been the case since, and will be again, ere the kingdom of Christ is in all its glory; he now sits enthroned in heaven, surrounded with clouds and darkness, and unseen to us; whose being and perfections are inscrutable to us, his providences unsearchable, and his ways past finding out; and when he comes a second time, it will be at midnight, and in the clouds of heaven:

righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne; the seat, basis, and support of it; he sits on a throne doing right, and by it his throne is established; See Gill on Psalm 89:14.

(s) "Et Venus aethereos inter dea candida nimbos", Virgil. Aeneid. 8. "Venus circumdata nimbo", ib. Aeneid. 12. "Nube candentes humeros amictus augur Apollo", Horat. Carmin. l. 1. Ode 2. so Homer. Il. 5. v. 186. 97:1-7 Though many have been made happy in Christ, still there is room. And all have reason to rejoice in Christ's government. There is a depth in his counsels, which we must not pretend to fathom; but still righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne. Christ's government, though it might be matter of joy to all, will yet be matter of terror to some; but it is their own fault that it is so. The most resolute and daring opposition will be baffled at the presence of the Lord. And the Lord Jesus will ere long come, and put an end to idol worship of every kind.
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