7673. shabath
Strong's Concordance
shabath: to
Original Word: שָׁבַת
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shabath
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-bath')
Definition: to cease, desist, rest
Brown-Driver-Briggs
שָׁבַת71 verb cease, desist, rest (As šabâtu, probably cease, be completed DlWB ZimKAT 3. 593 (JenZA iv (1889), 277 f. is sceptical); Arabic cut off, interrupt; Late Hebrew has שֶׁבֶת neglect, etc., Aramaic שִׁבְתָּא cost of nealect); —

Qal27 Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ Genesis 2:3 +; 3 plural שָׁבָ֑תוּ Lamentations 5:14, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׁבּוֺת Hosea 7:4; יִשְׁבֹּת Proverbs 22:10 2t.; 3 feminine singular תִּשְׁבֹּת Leviticus 26:35; תִּשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34; Nehemiah 6:3 +, etc.; —

1 cease: (absolute 13 t.) of seasons Genesis 8:22 (J); manna Joshua 5:12 (P), etc., Isaiah 14:4 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 6:3 +; with מִן Hosea 7:4 3t.

2 desist from labour, rest:

a. with מִן (of god) Genesis 2:2,3(P).

b. מִן omitted, ב temporal Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 16:30; Exodus 34:21 (J), Exodus 31:17 (P); ׳בֶּחָרִישׁ וּבַקָּצִיר שׁ Exodus 34:21 (J; i.e., even in these busy seasons).

c. land in 7th year Leviticus 26:34,35 (twice in verse) (H), 2Chronicles 36:21. — Leviticus 23:32; Leviticus 25:2 see [ שָׁבַת] verb denominative below

Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular נִשְׁבַּת Isaiah 17:3 2t.; plural נִשְׁבְּתוּ Ezekiel 6:6; — cease: absolute Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 30:18; Ezekiel 33:28; with מִן Isaiah 17:3.

Hiph`il40 Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׁבִּית Ruth 4:14 +; 2 masculine singular הִשְׁבַּתָּ Psalm 89:45; Psalm 119:119, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יַשְׁבִּיתּ Proverbs 18:18; Daniel 9:27; וַיַּשְׁבֵּת 2 Kings 23:11; 2Chronicles 16:5, etc.; Infinitive construct הַשְׁבִּית Psalm 8:3; לַשְׁבִּית Amos 8:4 (Ges§ 53q); Imperative masculine plural הַשְׁבִּ֫יתוּ Isaiah 30:11; Participle מַשְׁבִּית Jeremiah 16:9; Psalm 46:10; —

1 cause to cease, put an end to: with accusative mirth Hosea 2:13, work 2Chronicles 16:5; Nehemiah 4:5; sacrifice Daniel 9:27; war Psalm 46:10, compare Isaiah 13:11; Ezekiel 7:24; Proverbs 18:18 6t., + קוֺל שָׂשׂוֺן מִן ׳הִשׁ Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9, compare Jeremiah 48:33.

2 = exterminate, destroy: with accusative 2 Kings 23:5,11; Amos 8:4 (Now conjectures העשׁקים), Hosea 1:4; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 119:119; with accusative + מִן, Jeremiah 36:29, מִן הָאָרֶץ Leviticus 26:6 (H), Ezekiel 34:25; אלילים Ezekiel 30:13; Deuteronomy 32:26.

3 cause to desist from: with מִן Ezekiel 16:41; Ezekiel 34:10; Exodus 5:5 (E = give rest from); לְבִלְתִּי infinitive Joshua 22:25 (P).

4 remove ( = מִן הֵסִיר): with מִן Ezekiel 23:27,48; Psalm 89:45 (text dubious: read הִשְׁבַּתּוֺ [

3] ᵐ5 Du; מַטֵּה הֹדוֺ Herz Che, see also below טֳהָר); leaven מבתים Exodus 12:15 (P); מִמָּנֵינוּ ׳ישׂר ׳אֶחקֿ ׳הַשׁ Isaiah 30:11.

5 cause to fail, let be lacking: salt מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶ֑ךָ Leviticus 2:12 (P); accusative pers + ל person Jeremiah 48:35; Ruth 4:14.

[שָׁבַת] verb denominative keep, observe (sabbath); —

Qal, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb; Perfect3feminine singular וְשָֽׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ ׳שַׁבָּת לי Leviticus 25:2; 2masculine plural מֵעֶרֶב עַדעֶֿרֶב תִּשְׁבְּתוּ שַׁבַּתְּכֶ֑ם Leviticus 23:32 (P).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
cause to, let, make to cease, celebrate, cause make to fail

A primitive root; to repose, i.e. Desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific) -- (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

Forms and Transliterations
אַשְׁבִּ֥יתָה אשביתה הִשְׁבִּ֥ית הִשְׁבַּ֔תִּי הִשְׁבַּ֙תִּי֙ הִשְׁבַּ֥תָּ הִשְׁבַּֽתִּי׃ הַשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ השבית השביתו השבת השבתי השבתי׃ וְ֝יִשְׁבֹּ֗ת וְהִ֨שְׁבַּתִּ֔י וְהִשְׁבִּ֣ית וְהִשְׁבִּ֤יתוּ וְהִשְׁבִּ֥ית וְהִשְׁבִּ֨ית וְהִשְׁבַּ֖תְנוּ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֖י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֞י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֣י ׀ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֤י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֥י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּי֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּיךְ֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּים֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתֶּ֥ם וְלַשְׁבִּ֖ית וְנִשְׁבְּתוּ֙ וְנִשְׁבַּ֖ת וְנִשְׁבַּ֤ת וְנִשְׁבַּת־ וְשָׁבְתָ֣ה וַֽיִּשְׁבְּת֡וּ וַיִּשְׁבְּת֥וּ וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֨ת וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙ וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֖ת וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֣ת והשבית והשביתו והשבתי והשבתיך והשבתים והשבתם והשבתנו וישבת וישבתו ולשבית ונשבת ונשבת־ ונשבתו ושבתה יִשְׁבְּת֗וּ יִשְׁבֹּֽתוּ׃ יִשְׁבּ֣וֹת יַשְׁבִּ֣ית יַשְׁבִּ֣ית ׀ ישבות ישבית ישבתו ישבתו׃ לְהַשְׁבִּ֥ית להשבית מַשְׁבִּ֜ית מַשְׁבִּ֥ית משבית שָׁבְתָ֖ה שָׁבְתָ֛ה שָׁבַ֖ת שָׁבַ֣ת שָׁבַת֙ שָׁבָ֔תָה שָׁבָ֔תוּ שבת שבתה שבתו תִּשְׁבְּת֖וּ תִּשְׁבַּ֣ת תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת תִּשְׁבֹּֽת׃ תִשְׁבַּ֤ת תַּשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ תַשְׁבִּ֗ית תשבית תשביתו תשבת תשבת׃ תשבתו ’aš·bî·ṯāh ’ašbîṯāh ashBitah haš·bî·ṯū hašbîṯū hashBitu hiš·ba·tā hiš·bat·tî hiš·bîṯ hišbatā hišbattî hišbîṯ hishBata hishBatti hishBit lə·haš·bîṯ ləhašbîṯ lehashBit maš·bîṯ mašbîṯ mashBit šā·ḇā·ṯāh šā·ḇā·ṯū šā·ḇaṯ šā·ḇə·ṯāh šāḇaṯ šāḇāṯāh šāḇāṯū šāḇəṯāh shaVat shaVatah shaVatu shaveTah shavTah taš·bî·ṯū ṯaš·bîṯ ṯašbîṯ tašbîṯū tashBit tashBitu tiš·baṯ ṯiš·baṯ tiš·bə·ṯū tiš·bōṯ tišbaṯ ṯišbaṯ tišbəṯū tišbōṯ tishBat tishbeTu tishBot vaiyashBet vaiyishbeTu vaiyishBot vehishBatnu vehishbatTem vehishbatTi vehishbattiCh vehishbatTim vehishBit vehishBitu velashBit venishBat venishbeTu veshavTah veyishBot way·yaš·bêṯ way·yiš·bə·ṯū way·yiš·bōṯ wayyašbêṯ wayyišbəṯū wayyišbōṯ wə·hiš·baṯ·nū wə·hiš·bat·tem wə·hiš·bat·tî wə·hiš·bat·tîḵ wə·hiš·bat·tîm wə·hiš·bî·ṯū wə·hiš·bîṯ wə·laš·bîṯ wə·niš·baṯ wə·niš·baṯ- wə·niš·bə·ṯū wə·šā·ḇə·ṯāh wə·yiš·bōṯ wəhišbaṯnū wəhišbattem wəhišbattî wəhišbattîḵ wəhišbattîm wəhišbîṯ wəhišbîṯū wəlašbîṯ wənišbaṯ wənišbaṯ- wənišbəṯū wəšāḇəṯāh wəyišbōṯ yaš·bîṯ yašbîṯ yashBit yiš·bə·ṯū yiš·bō·ṯū yiš·bō·wṯ yišbəṯū yišbōṯū yišbōwṯ yishbeTu yishBot yishBotu
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Englishman's Concordance
Genesis 2:2
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י
NAS: He had done, and He rested on the seventh
KJV: which he had made; and he rested on the seventh
INT: which had done rested day the seventh

Genesis 2:3
HEB: כִּ֣י ב֤וֹ שָׁבַת֙ מִכָּל־ מְלַאכְתּ֔וֹ
NAS: it, because in it He rested from all
KJV: it: because that in it he had rested from all his work
INT: and sanctified because rested all his work

Genesis 8:22
HEB: וָלַ֖יְלָה לֹ֥א יִשְׁבֹּֽתוּ׃
NAS: And day and night Shall not cease.
KJV: and day and night shall not cease.
INT: and night shall not cease

Exodus 5:5
HEB: עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ וְהִשְׁבַּתֶּ֥ם אֹתָ֖ם מִסִּבְלֹתָֽם׃
NAS: many, and you would have them cease from their labors!
KJV: now [are] many, and ye make them rest from their burdens.
INT: the people of the land cease their labors

Exodus 12:15
HEB: בַּיּ֣וֹם הָרִאשׁ֔וֹן תַּשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ שְּׂאֹ֖ר מִבָּתֵּיכֶ֑ם
NAS: day you shall remove leaven
KJV: day ye shall put away leaven
INT: day the first shall remove leaven your houses

Exodus 16:30
HEB: וַיִּשְׁבְּת֥וּ הָעָ֖ם בַּיּ֥וֹם
NAS: So the people rested on the seventh
KJV: So the people rested on the seventh
INT: rested the people day

Exodus 23:12
HEB: וּבַיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֖י תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת לְמַ֣עַן יָנ֗וּחַ
NAS: day you shall cease [from labor] so
KJV: day thou shalt rest: that thine ox
INT: day the seventh shall cease so may rest

Exodus 31:17
HEB: וּבַיּוֹם֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י שָׁבַ֖ת וַיִּנָּפַֽשׁ׃ ס
NAS: day He ceased [from labor], and was refreshed.
KJV: day he rested, and was refreshed.
INT: day the seventh ceased was refreshed

Exodus 34:21
HEB: וּבַיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֖י תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת בֶּחָרִ֥ישׁ וּבַקָּצִ֖יר
NAS: day you shall rest; [even] during plowing time
KJV: day thou shalt rest: in earing time
INT: day the seventh shall rest plowing and harvest

Exodus 34:21
HEB: בֶּחָרִ֥ישׁ וּבַקָּצִ֖יר תִּשְׁבֹּֽת׃
NAS: and harvest you shall rest.
KJV: and in harvest thou shalt rest.
INT: plowing and harvest shall rest

Leviticus 2:13
HEB: תִּמְלָח֒ וְלֹ֣א תַשְׁבִּ֗ית מֶ֚לַח בְּרִ֣ית
NAS: of your God shall not be lacking from your grain offering;
KJV: of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering:
INT: shall season not shall not be lacking the salt of the covenant

Leviticus 23:32
HEB: עַד־ עֶ֔רֶב תִּשְׁבְּת֖וּ שַׁבַּתְּכֶֽם׃ פ
NAS: evening you shall keep your sabbath.
KJV: unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
INT: until evening shall keep your sabbath

Leviticus 25:2
HEB: נֹתֵ֣ן לָכֶ֑ם וְשָׁבְתָ֣ה הָאָ֔רֶץ שַׁבָּ֖ת
NAS: you, then the land shall have a sabbath
KJV: you, then shall the land keep a sabbath
INT: I shall give shall have the land A sabbath

Leviticus 26:6
HEB: וְאֵ֣ין מַחֲרִ֑יד וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֞י חַיָּ֤ה רָעָה֙
NAS: making [you] tremble. I shall also eliminate harmful
KJV: and none shall make [you] afraid: and I will rid evil
INT: no making tremble eliminate beasts harmful

Leviticus 26:34
HEB: אֹיְבֵיכֶ֑ם אָ֚ז תִּשְׁבַּ֣ת הָאָ֔רֶץ וְהִרְצָ֖ת
NAS: the land will rest and enjoy
KJV: [even] then shall the land rest, and enjoy
INT: your enemies' then will rest the land and enjoy

Leviticus 26:35
HEB: יְמֵ֥י הָשַּׁמָּ֖ה תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת אֵ֣ת אֲשֶׁ֧ר
NAS: of [its] desolation it will observe the rest
KJV: it lieth desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest
INT: the days of desolation will observe which not

Leviticus 26:35
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־ שָׁבְתָ֛ה בְּשַׁבְּתֹתֵיכֶ֖ם בְּשִׁבְתְּכֶ֥ם
NAS: it will observe the rest which
KJV: it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths,
INT: which not the rest your sabbaths were living

Deuteronomy 32:26
HEB: אָמַ֖רְתִּי אַפְאֵיהֶ֑ם אַשְׁבִּ֥יתָה מֵאֱנ֖וֹשׁ זִכְרָֽם׃
NAS: I will cut them to pieces, I will remove the memory
KJV: I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among men:
INT: have said will cut will remove men the memory

Joshua 5:12
HEB: וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֨ת הַמָּ֜ן מִֽמָּחֳרָ֗ת
NAS: The manna ceased on the day after
KJV: And the manna ceased on the morrow
INT: ceased the manna the day

Joshua 22:25
HEB: חֵ֖לֶק בַּֽיהוָ֑ה וְהִשְׁבִּ֤יתוּ בְנֵיכֶם֙ אֶת־
KJV: make our children cease from fearing
INT: portion the LORD cease your sons our sons

Ruth 4:14
HEB: אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹ֣א הִשְׁבִּ֥ית לָ֛ךְ גֹּאֵ֖ל
NAS: who has not left you without a redeemer
KJV: [be] the LORD, which hath not left thee this day
INT: who has not left A redeemer today

2 Kings 23:5
HEB: וְהִשְׁבִּ֣ית אֶת־ הַכְּמָרִ֗ים
NAS: He did away with the idolatrous priests
KJV: And he put down the idolatrous priests,
INT: did the idolatrous whom

2 Kings 23:11
HEB: וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֣ת אֶת־ הַסּוּסִ֗ים
NAS: He did away with the horses which
KJV: And he took away the horses
INT: did the horses which

2 Chronicles 16:5
HEB: אֶת־ הָרָמָ֑ה וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֖ת אֶת־ מְלַאכְתּֽוֹ׃
NAS: fortifying Ramah and stopped his work.
KJV: of Ramah, and let his work cease.
INT: fortifying Ramah and stopped his work

2 Chronicles 36:21
HEB: יְמֵ֤י הָשַּׁמָּה֙ שָׁבָ֔תָה לְמַלֹּ֖אות שִׁבְעִ֥ים
NAS: of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy
KJV: she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil
INT: the days desolation kept were complete seventy

71 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 7673
71 Occurrences


’aš·bî·ṯāh — 1 Occ.
haš·bî·ṯū — 1 Occ.
hiš·ba·tā — 2 Occ.
hiš·bat·tî — 4 Occ.
hiš·bîṯ — 1 Occ.
lə·haš·bîṯ — 1 Occ.
maš·bîṯ — 2 Occ.
šā·ḇaṯ — 7 Occ.
šā·ḇā·ṯāh — 1 Occ.
šā·ḇā·ṯū — 1 Occ.
šā·ḇə·ṯāh — 1 Occ.
šā·ḇə·ṯāh — 1 Occ.
ṯaš·bîṯ — 1 Occ.
taš·bî·ṯū — 1 Occ.
tiš·baṯ — 2 Occ.
tiš·bə·ṯū — 1 Occ.
tiš·bōṯ — 4 Occ.
way·yaš·bêṯ — 2 Occ.
way·yiš·bə·ṯū — 2 Occ.
way·yiš·bōṯ — 2 Occ.
wə·hiš·baṯ·nū — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·bat·tem — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·bat·tî — 13 Occ.
wə·hiš·bat·tîḵ — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·bat·tîm — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·bîṯ — 3 Occ.
wə·hiš·bî·ṯū — 1 Occ.
wə·laš·bîṯ — 1 Occ.
wə·niš·baṯ — 3 Occ.
wə·niš·bə·ṯū — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·ḇə·ṯāh — 1 Occ.
wə·yiš·bōṯ — 1 Occ.
yaš·bîṯ — 2 Occ.
yiš·bə·ṯū — 1 Occ.
yiš·bō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
yiš·bō·ṯū — 1 Occ.










7672
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