1342. dikaios
Strong's Concordance
dikaios: correct, righteous, by impl. innocent
Original Word: δίκαιος, ία, ιον
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: dikaios
Phonetic Spelling: (dik'-ah-yos)
Definition: correct, righteous, by implication innocent
Usage: just; especially, just in the eyes of God; righteous; the elect (a Jewish idea).
HELPS Word-studies

Cognate: 1342 díkaios (an adjective, derived from dikē, "right, judicial approval") – properly, "approved by God" (J. Thayer); righteous; "just in the eyes of God" (Souter). See 1343 ("dikaiosynē).

["Righteous" relates to conformity to God's standard (justice). For more on the root-idea see the cognate noun, 1343 /dikaiosýnē ("righteousness").]

1342 /díkaios ("righteous, just") describes what is in conformity to God's own being (His will, standard of rightness); hence "upright."

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from diké
correct, righteous, by impl. innocent
NASB Translation
innocent (1), just (6), justice (1), right (7), righteous (48), righteous man (8), righteous man's (1), righteous men (1), righteous one (4), righteous person (1), righteous persons (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 1342: δίκαιος

δίκαιος, δίκαια, δίκαιον (from δίκη right) (fr. Homer down), properly, the Hebrew צַדִּיק, "observant of δίκη, righteous, observing divine and human laws; one who is such as he ought to be; (German rechtbeschaffen; in the earlier language, whence appropriated by Luther,gerecht in a broad sense; in Greek writings used even of physical things, as ἵππος, Xenophon, mem. 4, 4, 5; γήδιον δικαιοτατον, most fertile, Xenophon, Cyril 8, 3, 38; (ἅρμα δίκαιον, ibid. 2, 2, 26));

1. in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God;

a. universally: Matthew 1:19 (the meaning is, it was not consistent with his uprightness to expose his betrothed to public reproach); Matthew 10:41; Matthew 13:43, 49; Matthew 23:28; Matthew 25:37, 46; Luke 1:6, 17; Luke 14:14; Luke 18:9; Luke 20:20; Romans 5:7 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 117 (111)); 1 Timothy 1:9; James 5:6, 16; 1 Peter 3:12; 1 John 3:7 (10 Lachmann); Revelation 22:11; opposed to ἁμαρτωλοί καί ἀσεβεῖς, 1 Peter 4:18; δίκαιοι καί ἄδικοι, Matthew 5:45; Acts 24:15; used of O. T. characters noted for piety and probity: Matthew 13:17; (Matthew 23:29); Hebrews 12:23; thus of Abel, Matthew 23:35; Hebrews 11:4; of Lot, 2 Peter 2:7f. (Wis. 10:4f); of those who seem to themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves on their virtues, whether real or imaginary: Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:17; Luke 5:32; Luke 15:7 (Ecclesiastes 7:17 (16)). Joined with εὐλαβής, Luke 2:25 (ἤθη ἐυλαβαη καί δίκαια, τό δίκαιον καί ἐυλαβες, Plato, polit., p. 311 a. b.); with ἅγιος, Mark 6:20; with ἀγαθός, Luke 23:50; with φοβούμενος τόν Θεόν, Acts 10:22; ἔργα δίκαια, opposite πονηρά, 1 John 3:12. Neuter τό δίκαιον, that which regard for duty demands, what is right: 2 Peter 1:13; plural Philippians 4:8; δίκαιον ἐστι, Ephesians 6:1; Philippians 1:7; with the addition of ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, God being judge, Acts 4:19.

b. the negative idea predominating: innocent, faultless, guiltless, (for נָקִי, Proverbs 1:11; Job 9:23, etc.); thus used of Christ in the speech of Gentiles: Matthew 27:19, 24 R G L brackets Tr brackets WH marginal reading; Luke 23:47; αἷμα δίκαιον, (Proverbs 6:17; Joel 3:19 (); Jonah 1:14), Matthew 23:35; ( Tr marginal reading WH text); ἐντολή ἅγια καί δίκαια (having no fellowship with sin (others besides, see the commentaries at the passage)) καί ἀγαθή, Romans 7:12.

c. preeminently, of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in heart or life; in this sense Christ alone can be called δίκαιος: Acts 7:52; Acts 22:14; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 John 2:1; ἅγιος καί δίκαιος, Acts 3:14; among the rest of mankind it is rightly denied that one δίκαιος can be found, Romans 3:10 (Ecclesiastes 7:21-20ἄνθρωπος οὐκ ἐστι δίκαιος ἐν τῇ γῆ, ὅς ποιήσει ἀγαθόν καί οὐχ ἁμαρτήσεται). of God: holy, Romans 3:26 (where it is to be closely rendered just or righteous, on account of the following καί τόν δικαιοῦντα, and the justifier or who pronounces righteous, but the substantial meaning is holy, that quality by virtue of which he hates and punishes sin); 1 John 2:29.

d. contextually, approved God, acceptable to God, (German gottwohlgefallig): Romans 5:19; with the addition ἐκ πίστεως, acceptable to God by faith (Winer's Grammar, 136 (129)): Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11; Hebrews 10:38; δίκαιος παρά τῷ Θεῷ, Romans 2:13.

2. In a narrower sense, rendering to each his due; and that in a judicial sense, passing just judgment on others, whether expressed in words or shown by the manner of dealing with them: Titus 1:8; so of God recompensing men impartially according to their deeds, Revelation 16:5; in the same sense also in John 17:25 (who does not award the same fate to the loving and faithful disciples of Christ and to 'the world'); 1 John 1:9 (who executes the laws of his government, and therefore also the law concerning the pardon of sins); δίκαιος κριτής, of Christ, 2 Timothy 4:8; κρίσις δίκαια, John 5:30; John 7:24; 2 Thessalonians 1:5; plural, Revelation 16:7; Revelation 19:2; αἱ ὁδοί τοῦ Θεοῦ δίκαια καί ἀληθιναί, Revelation 15:3; neuter τό δίκαιον, what is due to others, Colossians 4:1; what is agreeable to justice and law, Luke 12:51; δίκαιον namely, ἐστιν, it is agreeable to justice, 2 Thessalonians 1:6; accordant with deserts, Matthew 20:4, and Rec. (See references under the word δικαιόω, at the end; cf. ἀγαθός, at the end.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
just, righteous.

From dike; equitable (in character or act); by implication, innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively) -- just, meet, right(-eous).

see GREEK dike

Forms and Transliterations
ἀθῷον δικαια δικαία δίκαια δικαιαι δίκαιαι δικαιαν δικαίαν δικαιας δικαίας δικαιε δίκαιε δικαιοι δίκαιοι δικαιοις δικαίοις δικαιον δίκαιον δίκαιόν δικαιος δίκαιος δίκαιός δικαιοσύνη δικαιου δικαίου δικαιους δικαίους δικαιω δικαίω δικαίῳ δικαιων δικαίων athôion athō̂ion athoon athōon dikaia dikaía díkaia dikaiai díkaiai dikaian dikaían dikaias dikaías dikaie díkaie dikaio dikaiō dikaioi dikaíoi dikaíōi díkaioi dikaiois dikaíois dikaion dikaiōn dikaíon dikaíōn díkaion díkaión dikaios díkaios díkaiós dikaiou dikaíou dikaious dikaíous
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 1:19 Adj-NMS
GRK: ἀνὴρ αὐτῆς δίκαιος ὢν καὶ
NAS: being a righteous man and not wanting
KJV: husband, being a just [man], and not
INT: husband of her righteous being and

Matthew 5:45 Adj-AMP
GRK: βρέχει ἐπὶ δικαίους καὶ ἀδίκους
NAS: and sends rain on [the] righteous and [the] unrighteous.
KJV: on the just and
INT: sends rain on righteous and unrighteous

Matthew 9:13 Adj-AMP
GRK: ἦλθον καλέσαι δικαίους ἀλλὰ ἁμαρτωλούς
NAS: to call the righteous, but sinners.
KJV: to call the righteous, but
INT: I came to call righteous [ones] but sinners

Matthew 10:41 Adj-AMS
GRK: ὁ δεχόμενος δίκαιον εἰς ὄνομα
NAS: and he who receives a righteous man
KJV: he that receiveth a righteous man in
INT: he that receives a righteous [man] in [the] name

Matthew 10:41 Adj-GMS
GRK: εἰς ὄνομα δικαίου μισθὸν δικαίου
NAS: a righteous man in the name
KJV: the name of a righteous man shall receive
INT: in [the] name of a righteous [man] the reward of a righteous [man]

Matthew 10:41 Adj-GMS
GRK: δικαίου μισθὸν δικαίου λήμψεται
NAS: in the name of a righteous man shall receive
KJV: shall receive a righteous man's reward.
INT: of a righteous [man] the reward of a righteous [man] will receive

Matthew 13:17 Adj-NMP
GRK: προφῆται καὶ δίκαιοι ἐπεθύμησαν ἰδεῖν
NAS: prophets and righteous men desired
KJV: and righteous [men] have desired
INT: prophets and righteous [men] desired to see

Matthew 13:43 Adj-NMP
GRK: Τότε οἱ δίκαιοι ἐκλάμψουσιν ὡς
KJV: Then shall the righteous shine forth
INT: Then the righeous will shine forth as

Matthew 13:49 Adj-GMP
GRK: μέσου τῶν δικαίων
NAS: from among the righteous,
KJV: from among the just,
INT: [the] midst of the righteous

Matthew 20:4 Adj-ANS
GRK: ἐὰν ᾖ δίκαιον δώσω ὑμῖν
NAS: and whatever is right I will give
KJV: whatsoever is right I will give you.
INT: if might be right I will give you

Matthew 20:7 Adj-NNS
GRK: ἐὰν ᾖ δίκαιον λήψεσθε
KJV: is right, [that] shall ye receive.
INT: ever is right you shall receive

Matthew 23:28 Adj-NMP
GRK: τοῖς ἀνθρώποις δίκαιοι ἔσωθεν δέ
NAS: appear righteous to men,
KJV: appear righteous unto men,
INT: to men righteous inwardly however

Matthew 23:29 Adj-GMP
GRK: μνημεῖα τῶν δικαίων
NAS: the monuments of the righteous,
KJV: the sepulchres of the righteous,
INT: monuments of the righteous

Matthew 23:35 Adj-NNS
GRK: πᾶν αἷμα δίκαιον ἐκχυννόμενον ἐπὶ
NAS: [the guilt of] all the righteous blood
KJV: may come all the righteous blood shed
INT: all [the] blood righteous poured out upon

Matthew 23:35 Adj-GMS
GRK: Ἅβελ τοῦ δικαίου ἕως τοῦ
NAS: from the blood of righteous Abel
KJV: from the blood of righteous Abel unto
INT: of Abel the righteous to the

Matthew 25:37 Adj-NMP
GRK: αὐτῷ οἱ δίκαιοι λέγοντες Κύριε
NAS: Then the righteous will answer
KJV: Then shall the righteous answer him,
INT: him the righteous saying Lord

Matthew 25:46 Adj-NMP
GRK: οἱ δὲ δίκαιοι εἰς ζωὴν
NAS: punishment, but the righteous into eternal
KJV: but the righteous into
INT: moreover [the] righteous into life

Matthew 27:19 Adj-DMS
GRK: καὶ τῷ δικαίῳ ἐκείνῳ πολλὰ
NAS: Have nothing to do with that righteous Man; for last night
KJV: to do with that just man: for
INT: and the righteous that [man] many things

Mark 2:17 Adj-AMP
GRK: ἦλθον καλέσαι δικαίους ἀλλὰ ἁμαρτωλούς
NAS: to call the righteous, but sinners.
KJV: not to call the righteous, but sinners
INT: I came to call righteous [ones] but sinners

Mark 6:20 Adj-AMS
GRK: αὐτὸν ἄνδρα δίκαιον καὶ ἅγιον
NAS: knowing that he was a righteous and holy
KJV: knowing that he was a just man and
INT: him [to be] a man righteous and holy

Luke 1:6 Adj-NMP
GRK: ἦσαν δὲ δίκαιοι ἀμφότεροι ἐναντίον
NAS: They were both righteous in the sight
KJV: they were both righteous before God,
INT: they were moreover righteous both before

Luke 1:17 Adj-GMP
GRK: ἐν φρονήσει δικαίων ἑτοιμάσαι Κυρίῳ
NAS: to the attitude of the righteous, so as to make ready
KJV: the wisdom of the just; to make ready
INT: to [the] wisdom of [the] righteous to make ready for [the] Lord

Luke 2:25 Adj-NMS
GRK: ἄνθρωπος οὗτος δίκαιος καὶ εὐλαβής
NAS: man was righteous and devout,
KJV: the same man [was] just and devout,
INT: man this [was] righteous and devout

Luke 5:32 Adj-AMP
GRK: ἐλήλυθα καλέσαι δικαίους ἀλλὰ ἁμαρτωλοὺς
NAS: to call the righteous but sinners
KJV: not to call the righteous, but sinners
INT: I have come to call righteous [ones] but sinners

Luke 12:57 Adj-ANS
GRK: κρίνετε τὸ δίκαιον
NAS: initiative judge what is right?
KJV: judge ye not what is right?
INT: judge you what [is] right

Strong's Greek 1342
80 Occurrences

δικαία — 4 Occ.
δίκαιαι — 3 Occ.
δικαίαν — 2 Occ.
δικαίας — 1 Occ.
δίκαιε — 1 Occ.
δικαίῳ — 2 Occ.
δικαίων — 6 Occ.
δίκαιοι — 9 Occ.
δικαίοις — 1 Occ.
δίκαιον — 19 Occ.
δίκαιος — 20 Occ.
δικαίου — 6 Occ.
δικαίους — 6 Occ.

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