2 Samuel 8
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.


2 Samuel 7:9 And I was with you wherever you went, and have cut off all your enemies …

2 Samuel 21:15-22 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David …

Metheg-ammah. or, the bridle of Ammah

2 Samuel 2:24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down …

1 Chronicles 18:1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, …

Gath In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, `David took Gath and her towns;' and it is probable, that Gath and its districts were called {Metheg-ammah} in David's time; which, being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.

And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.

from him. or, of his
chariots As

1 Chronicles 18:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, …

seven hundred In the parallel place in chronicles it is `{seven thousand} horsemen,' a far more probable number. The letter (), {zayin}, with a dot upon it stands for {seven thousand}, and the final letter (), {noon}, for {seven hundred}: the great similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other, and so produce an error in this place.

David houghed

Deuteronomy 17:16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people …

Joshua 11:6,9 And the LORD said to Joshua, Be not afraid because of them…

Psalm 20:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember …

Psalm 33:16,17 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man …


1 Kings 10:26 And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen: and he had a …

And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

Betah Probably the same as {Bathne} in Syria, between Berocea and Hierapolis.

1 Chronicles 18:8 Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought …

Tibhath, chun.
Berothai Berothai is probably the {Barathena} of Ptolemy, which he mentions, along with {Sabe}, as a city of Arabia Deserta, in the confines of the Palmyrenain district.


1 Chronicles 22:14,16 Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house of the LORD …

1 Chronicles 29:7 And gave for the service of the house of God of gold five thousand …

2 Chronicles 4:1-18 Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, …

When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;
Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge by R. A. Torrey [ca. 1880]
Expanded version courtesy INT Bible ©2013, Used by permission

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