2 Samuel 3:12
New International Version
Then Abner sent messengers on his behalf to say to David, "Whose land is it? Make an agreement with me, and I will help you bring all Israel over to you."

New Living Translation
Then Abner sent messengers to David, saying, “Doesn’t the entire land belong to you? Make a solemn pact with me, and I will help turn over all of Israel to you.”

English Standard Version
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, “To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me, and behold, my hand shall be with you to bring over all Israel to you.”

Berean Study Bible
Then Abner sent messengers in his place to say to David, “To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me, and surely my hand will be on your side to turn all Israel to you.”

New American Standard Bible
Then Abner sent messengers to David in his place, saying, "Whose is the land? Make your covenant with me, and behold, my hand shall be with you to bring all Israel over to you."

King James Bible
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.

Christian Standard Bible
Abner sent messengers as his representatives to say to David, "Whose land is it? Make your covenant with me, and you can be certain I am on your side to turn all Israel over to you."

Contemporary English Version
Abner sent some of his men to David with this message: "You should be the ruler of the whole nation. If you make an agreement with me, I will persuade everyone in Israel to make you their king."

Good News Translation
Abner sent messengers to David, who at that time was at Hebron, to say, "Who is going to rule this land? Make an agreement with me, and I will help you win all Israel over to your side."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Abner sent messengers as his representatives to say to David, "Whose land is it? Make your covenant with me, and you can be certain I am on your side to hand all Israel over to you."

International Standard Version
So Abner sent messengers to David at Hebron to ask him, "Who owns this land? Cut a deal with me, and look!—I'll lend my hand in bringing all of Israel over to you!"

NET Bible
Then Abner sent messengers to David saying, "To whom does the land belong? Make an agreement with me, and I will do whatever I can to cause all Israel to turn to you."

New Heart English Bible
Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, "Whose is the land?" and saying, "Make your alliance with me, and look, my hand shall be with you, to bring all Israel around to you."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Abner sent messengers to David to speak on his behalf. "Who owns this country?" he asked. "Make an agreement with me," he said. "I'll support you and bring all Israel to you."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Abner sent messengers to David straightway, saying: 'Whose is the land?' saying also: 'Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring over all Israel unto thee.'

New American Standard 1977
Then Abner sent messengers to David in his place, saying, “Whose is the land? Make your covenant with me, and behold, my hand shall be with you to bring all Israel over to you.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? And that they should also say, Make thy covenant with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.

King James 2000 Bible
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make your league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with you, to bring about all Israel unto you.

American King James Version
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make your league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with you, to bring about all Israel to you.

American Standard Version
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also , Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Abenner sent messengers to David to Thaelam where he was, immediately, saying, Make thy covenant with me, and, behold, my hand is with thee to bring back to thee all the house of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Abner therefore sent messengers to David for himself, saying: Whose is the land? and that they should say: Make a league with me, and my hand shall be with thee: and I will bring all Israel to thee.

Darby Bible Translation
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying [also], Make thy covenant with me, and behold, my hand shall be with thee, to turn all Israel to thee.

English Revised Version
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel to thee.

World English Bible
Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, "Whose is the land?" and saying, "Make your alliance with me, and behold, my hand shall be with you, to bring all Israel around to you."

Young's Literal Translation
And Abner sendeth messengers unto David for himself, saying, 'Whose is the land?' saying, 'Make thy covenant with me, and lo, my hand is with thee, to bring round unto thee all Israel.'
Study Bible
Abner Joins David
11And for fear of Abner, Ish-bosheth did not dare to say another word to him. 12Then Abner sent messengers in his place to say to David, “To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me, and you can be certain my hand will be on your side to turn all Israel to you.” 13“Good,” replied David, “I will make a covenant with you. But there is one thing I require of you: Do not appear before me unless you bring Saul’s daughter Michal when you come to see me.”…
Cross References
2 Samuel 3:11
And for fear of Abner, Ish-bosheth did not dare to say another word to him.

2 Samuel 3:13
"Good," replied David, "I will make a covenant with you. But there is one thing I require of you: Do not appear before me unless you bring Saul's daughter Michal when you come to see me."

2 Samuel 3:21
Then Abner said to David, "Let me go at once, and I will gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may rule over all that your heart desires." So David dismissed Abner, and he went in peace.

Treasury of Scripture

And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make your league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with you, to bring about all Israel to you.

Whose

2 Samuel 19:6
In that thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well.

2 Samuel 20:1-13
And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel…

Make

Psalm 62:9
Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance, they are altogether lighter than vanity.

Luke 16:5-8
So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord? …

my hand

2 Samuel 3:21,27
And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace…

2 Samuel 5:1-3
Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh…

2 Samuel 19:14,41-43
And he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants…







Lexicon
Then Abner
אַבְנֵ֨ר (’aḇ·nêr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 74: Abner -- 'my father is a lamp', an Israelite name

sent
וַיִּשְׁלַח֩ (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

messengers
מַלְאָכִ֧ים ׀ (mal·’ā·ḵîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

in his place
תַּחְתָּ֥יו (taḥ·tāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

to say
לֵאמֹ֖ר (lê·mōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

David,
דָּוִ֛ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

“To whom [does]
לְמִי־ (lə·mî-)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

the land [belong]?
אָ֑רֶץ (’ā·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

Make
כָּרְתָ֤ה (kā·rə·ṯāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

your covenant
בְרִֽיתְךָ֙ (ḇə·rî·ṯə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1285: A covenant

with me,
אִתִּ֔י (’it·tî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

and you can be certain
וְהִנֵּה֙ (wə·hin·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

my hand [will be]
יָדִ֣י (yā·ḏî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

on your side
עִמָּ֔ךְ (‘im·māḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

to turn
לְהָסֵ֥ב (lə·hā·sêḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5437: To turn about, go around, surround

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

to you.”
אֵלֶ֖יךָ (’ê·le·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to
(12) Whose is the land?--These words in themselves may be understood in either of two senses: (1) "Is not the land thine by promise?" or (2) "Who has the power to bring the land into subjection to whom he will except myself?" Since the question is put forward as the basis for making a league with Abner, the latter is evidently the sense intended, and it is quite in accordance with the pride and haughtiness of Abner's character. He proposes a league, that he may have a definite assurance of consideration for himself, and he makes this the price of exerting his influence on David's behalf. The repetition of the word "saying" has occasioned some difficulty to the commentators, but this disappears when it is remembered that the two clauses are separate parts of Abner's message. His messengers were charged first to represent the importance of Abner's influence, and then afterwards to say that he would exert it for David for a satisfactory consideration.

Verse 12. - Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf; Hebrew, under him. The Revised Version renders this "where he was;" but the phrase really means "immediately" (see note on ch. 2:23). And this agrees with the haughty temper of Abner. Without waiting for advice, or allowing his anger to cool, he at once sent trusty envoys to open negotiations with David. Whose is the land? Abner's meaning in these words is plain. You, David, he seems to say, will answer that the land is mine; for Jehovah has promised it to me. But, as a matter of fact, much of the land is mine (Abner's), or at least belongs to the house of Saul, whose prime minister I am. Yours is an abstract right; mine is actual possession. Come, let us make the two agree. Give me fitting assurances of safety and reward, and I will make your claim a reality. 3:7-21 Many, like Abner, are not above committing base crimes, who are too proud to bear reproof, or even the suspicion of being guilty. While men go on in sin, and apparently without concern, they are often conscious that they are fighting against God. Many mean to serve their own purposes; and will betray those who trust them, when they can get any advantage. Yet the Lord serves his own designs, even by those who are thus actuated by revenge, ambition, or lust; but as they intend not to honour him, in the end they will be thrown aside with contempt. There was real generosity both to Michal and to the memory of Saul, in David's receiving the former, remembering probably how once he owed his life to her affection, and knowing that she was separated from him partly by her father's authority. Let no man set his heart on that which he is not entitled to. If any disagreement has separated husband and wife, as they expect the blessing of God, let them be reconciled, and live together in love.
Jump to Previous
Abner Agreement Behalf Covenant David Getting Hand Hebron Help Israel League Messengers Side Straightway Support Turn
Jump to Next
Abner Agreement Behalf Covenant David Getting Hand Hebron Help Israel League Messengers Side Straightway Support Turn
Links
2 Samuel 3:12 NIV
2 Samuel 3:12 NLT
2 Samuel 3:12 ESV
2 Samuel 3:12 NASB
2 Samuel 3:12 KJV

2 Samuel 3:12 Bible Apps
2 Samuel 3:12 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 3:12 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 3:12 French Bible
2 Samuel 3:12 German Bible

Alphabetical: Abner agreement all an and be behalf behold bring covenant David hand help his I in is Israel it land Make me messengers my on over place say saying sent shall the Then to Whose will with you your

OT History: 2 Samuel 3:12 Abner sent messengers to David on his (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Samuel 3:11
Top of Page
Top of Page