1 Samuel 20:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD call David's enemies to account."

New Living Translation
So Jonathan made a solemn pact with David, saying, "May the LORD destroy all your enemies!"

English Standard Version
And Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD take vengeance on David’s enemies.”

Berean Study Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD hold David’s enemies accountable.”

New American Standard Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD require it at the hands of David's enemies."

King James Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

Christian Standard Bible
Then Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD hold David's enemies accountable."

Contemporary English Version
Jonathan and David made an agreement that even David's descendants would have to keep. Then Jonathan said, "I pray that the LORD will take revenge on your descendants if they break our promise."

Good News Translation
may our promise to each other still be unbroken. If it is broken, the LORD will punish you."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD hold David's enemies accountable."

International Standard Version
Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: "May the LORD punish any violation of this covenant by the hand of David's enemies."

NET Bible
and called David's enemies to account." So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David.

New Heart English Bible
that the name of Jonathan is cut off from the house of David, then may the LORD require it at the hand of David's enemies."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At that time, if Jonathan's name is cut off from David's family, then may the LORD punish David's house."

JPS Tanakh 1917
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: 'The LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.'

New American Standard 1977
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD require it at the hands of David’s enemies.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David.

King James 2000 Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

American King James Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

American Standard Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David,'saying , And Jehovah will require it at the hand of David's enemies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jonathan therefore made a covenant with the house of David: and the Lord required it at the hands of David's enemies.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying,] Let Jehovah even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies!

English Revised Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, And the LORD shall require it at the hand of David's enemies.

Webster's Bible Translation
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

World English Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "Yahweh will require it at the hand of David's enemies."

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan covenanteth with the house of David, and Jehovah hath sought it from the hand of the enemies of David;
Study Bible
Jonathan and David Renew Their Covenant
15and do not ever cut off your loving devotion from my household—not even when the LORD cuts off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.” 16So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD hold David’s enemies accountable.” 17And Jonathan had David reaffirm his vow out of love for him, for Jonathan loved David as he loved himself.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:21
If you make a vow to the LORD your God, do not be slow to keep it, because He will surely require it of you, and you will be guilty of sin.

1 Samuel 20:42
And Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, for the two of us have sworn in the name of the LORD when we said, 'May the LORD be a witness between you and me, and between your descendants and mine forever.'" Then David got up and departed, and Jonathan went back into the city.

1 Samuel 22:8
Is that why all of you have conspired against me? Not one of you told me that my own son had made a covenant with Jesse's son. Not one of you has shown concern for me or revealed to me that my son has stirred up my own servant to lie in wait against me, as is the case today."

1 Samuel 25:22
May God punish David, and ever so severely, if I let one of his men survive until morning."

Jeremiah 40:9
Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, swore an oath to them and their men, assuring them, "Do not be afraid to serve the Chaldeans. Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well for you.

Treasury of Scripture

So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

made [heb] cut

1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your …

Let the Lord

1 Samuel 25:22 So and more also do God to the enemies of David…

1 Samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard on Saul and on his sons; and the …

2 Samuel 4:7,8 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, …

2 Samuel 21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom …







(16) So Jonathan made a covenant.--It is not necessary to supply (as in the English Version) "saying," but it is better to understand this verse as a remark interposed in the dialogue by the narrator, and to translate the Hebrew literally, "So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, and Jehovah required it at the hand of David's enemies."

Verse 16. - This verse also is very difficult, but it is probably to be taken as an insertion of the narrator: "So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David" - that is, so as to bind his descendants - "saying, Let Jehovah require it at the hand of David's enemies." These last words probably are a euphemism, and mean David himself. So Rashi explains the words. The courtesy of an Oriental forbade his saying, May Jehovah punish David for it, but he prays that God would requite it on some one. But if the Divine anger visits even David's enemies for it, how much more the guilty perjurer himself. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David,.... Not with David himself only, which was now renewed, but with his family also:

saying, let the Lord even require it at the hand of David's enemies; take vengeance on Jonathan, or on any of his posterity, should they break this covenant, by showing themselves enemies to David, and his crown; and, on the other hand, also on David, and his posterity, should they not show kindness to Jonathan and his seed, according to the tenor of this covenant. 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. True friendship rests on a firm basis, and is able to silence ambition, self-love, and undue regard for others. But who can fully understand the love of Jesus, who gave himself as a sacrifice for rebellious, polluted sinners! how great then ought to be the force and effects of our love to him, to his cause, and his people!
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