1 Samuel 20:17
New International Version
And Jonathan had David reaffirm his oath out of love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.

New Living Translation
And Jonathan made David reaffirm his vow of friendship again, for Jonathan loved David as he loved himself.

English Standard Version
And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him, for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

Berean Study Bible
And Jonathan had David reaffirm his vow out of love for him, for Jonathan loved David as he loved himself.

New American Standard Bible
Jonathan made David vow again because of his love for him, because he loved him as he loved his own life.

King James Bible
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

Christian Standard Bible
Jonathan once again swore to David in his love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.

Contemporary English Version
Jonathan thought as much of David as he did of himself, so he asked David to promise once more that he would be a loyal friend.

Good News Translation
Once again Jonathan made David promise to love him, for Jonathan loved David as much as he loved himself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jonathan once again swore to David in his love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.

International Standard Version
Jonathan made David vow again out of his love for him, because he loved him as himself.

NET Bible
Jonathan once again took an oath with David, because he loved him. In fact Jonathan loved him as much as he did his own life.

New Heart English Bible
Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Once again Jonathan swore an oath to David because of his love for David. He loved David as much as [he loved] himself.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

New American Standard 1977
And Jonathan made David vow again because of his love for him, because he loved him as he loved his own life.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jonathan swore unto David again because he loved him, for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

American King James Version
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

American Standard Version
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jonathan swore again to David, because he loved him: for he loved him as his own soul.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, by the love he had for him, for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

English Revised Version
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

World English Bible
Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jonathan addeth to cause David to swear, because he loveth him, for with the love of his own soul he hath loved him.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Jonathan and David Renew Their Covenant
16So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD hold David’s enemies accountable.” 17And Jonathan had David reaffirm his vow out of love for him, for Jonathan loved David as he loved himself. 18Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon, and you will be missed if your seat is empty.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 18:1
After David had finished speaking with Saul, the souls of Jonathan and David were knit together, and Jonathan loved him as himself.

Jeremiah 40:9
Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, swore an oath to them and their men, assuring them, "Do not be afraid to serve the Chaldeans. Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well for you.

Treasury of Scripture

And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

because he loved him. or, by his love toward him
for he loved

1 Samuel 18:1,3 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking to Saul, …

Deuteronomy 13:6 If your brother, the son of your mother, or your son, or your daughter, …

2 Samuel 1:26 I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant have …

Proverbs 18:24 A man that has friends must show himself friendly: and there is a …







Lexicon
And Jonathan
יְהֽוֹנָתָן֙ (yə·hō·w·nā·ṯān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3083: Jonathan -- 'the LORD has given', the name of a number of Israelites

had David
דָּוִ֔ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

reaffirm
וַיּ֤וֹסֶף (way·yō·w·sep̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3254: To add, augment

his vow
לְהַשְׁבִּ֣יעַ (lə·haš·bî·a‘)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7650: To seven oneself, swear

out of love
בְּאַהֲבָת֖וֹ (bə·’a·hă·ḇā·ṯōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 160: Love (noun)

for him,
אֹת֑וֹ (’ō·ṯōw)
Direct object marker | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

for
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

[Jonathan] loved [David]
אֲהֵבֽוֹ׃ (’ă·hê·ḇōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 157: To have affection f

as he loved
אַהֲבַ֥ת (’a·hă·ḇaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 160: Love (noun)

himself.
נַפְשׁ֖וֹ (nap̄·šōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion
(17) And Jonathan caused David to swear again.--Throughout this touching interview it is the prince who appears as the suppliant for the outlaw's ruture kind offices. Jonathan--looking forward with absolute certainty to the day when his persecuted friend would be on the throne, and he in his grave--dreaded for his own fatherless children the fate which too probably awaited them, it having been in all ages a common custom in the East, when the dynasty was violently changed, to put to death the children and near relations of the former king.

Verse 17. - Jonathan caused David to swear again. So strong was his conviction in David's future kingdom, and his wish that there should be an unbroken bond of love between the two families, that he makes David solemnly repeat his promise. The Septuagint and Vulgate, by altering the vowels, read, "And Jonathan sware again to David." At first sight this interpretation seems most in accordance with the reason given for the renewal of the oath, namely, Jonathan's own love; but the Masoretic text agrees better with what has gone before, and with his wish that their covenant under no change of circumstances should be broken. 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. True friendship rests on a firm basis, and is able to silence ambition, self-love, and undue regard for others. But who can fully understand the love of Jesus, who gave himself as a sacrifice for rebellious, polluted sinners! how great then ought to be the force and effects of our love to him, to his cause, and his people!
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Alphabetical: again And as because David for had he him himself his Jonathan life love loved made oath of out own reaffirm vow

OT History: 1 Samuel 20:17 Jonathan caused David to swear again (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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