1 Samuel 20:30
New International Version
Saul's anger flared up at Jonathan and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don't I know that you have sided with the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of the mother who bore you?

New Living Translation
Saul boiled with rage at Jonathan. "You stupid son of a whore!" he swore at him. "Do you think I don't know that you want him to be king in your place, shaming yourself and your mother?

English Standard Version
Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness?

Berean Study Bible
Then Saul's anger burned against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the disgrace of the mother who bore you?

New American Standard Bible
Then Saul's anger burned against Jonathan and he said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you are choosing the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness?

King James Bible
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?

Christian Standard Bible
Then Saul became angry with Jonathan and shouted, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don't I know that you are siding with Jesse's son to your own shame and to the disgrace of your mother?

Contemporary English Version
Saul was furious with Jonathan and yelled, "You're no son of mine, you traitor! I know you've chosen to be loyal to that son of Jesse. You should be ashamed of yourself! And your own mother should be ashamed that you were ever born.

Good News Translation
Saul became furious with Jonathan and said to him, "How rebellious and faithless your mother was! Now I know you are taking sides with David and are disgracing yourself and that mother of yours!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Saul became angry with Jonathan and shouted, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don't I know that you are siding with Jesse's son to your own shame and to the disgrace of your mother?

International Standard Version
Saul flew into a rage and told Jonathan, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don't I know that you have chosen Jesse's son to your shame and to the shame of your mother who bore you?

NET Bible
Saul became angry with Jonathan and said to him, "You stupid traitor! Don't I realize that to your own disgrace and to the disgrace of your mother's nakedness you have chosen this son of Jesse?

New Heart English Bible
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Saul got angry with Jonathan. "Son of a crooked and rebellious woman!" he called Jonathan. "I know you've sided with Jesse's son. You have no shame. [You act] as if you are your mother's son but not mine.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him: 'Thou son of perverse rebellion, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother's nakedness?

New American Standard 1977
Then Saul’s anger burned against Jonathan and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you are choosing the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do I not know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion and unto the confusion of thy mother's shame?

King James 2000 Bible
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, You son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and unto the shame of your mother's nakedness?

American King James Version
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, You son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own confusion, and to the confusion of your mother's nakedness?

American Standard Version
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of a perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother's nakedness?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Saul was exceedingly angry with Jonathan, and said to him, Thou son of traitorous damsels! for do I not know that thou art an accomplice with the son of Jessae to thy same, and to the shame of thy mother's nakedness?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then Saul being angry against Jonathan said to him: Thou son of a woman that is the ravisher of a man, do I not know that thou lovest the son of Isai to thy own confusion and to the confusion of thy shameless mother?

Darby Bible Translation
And Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, Son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame and to the shame of thy mother's nakedness?

English Revised Version
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of a perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother's nakedness?

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thy own confusion, and to the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?

World English Bible
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse rebellious woman, don't I know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness?

Young's Literal Translation
And the anger of Saul burneth against Jonathan, and he saith to him, 'Son of a perverse rebellious woman! have I not known that thou art fixing on the son of Jesse to thy shame, and to the shame of the nakedness of thy mother?
Study Bible
Saul Seeks to Kill Jonathan
30Then Saul's anger burned against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the disgrace of the mother who bore you? 31Every day the son of Jesse lives on earth, neither you nor your kingship shall be established. Now send for him and bring him to me, for he must surely die!”…
Cross References
1 Samuel 20:29
saying, 'Please let me go because our clan is holding a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has told me to be there. So now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me go and see my brothers.' That is why he did not come to the king's table."

1 Samuel 20:31
Every day the son of Jesse lives on earth, neither you nor your kingship shall be established. Now send for him and bring him to me, for he must surely die!"

Treasury of Scripture

Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, You son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own confusion, and to the confusion of your mother's nakedness?

Saul's

Job 5:2
For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.

Proverbs 14:29
He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.

Proverbs 19:12,19
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass…

Thou, etc.

Proverbs 15:2
The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness.

Proverbs 21:24
Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath.

Matthew 5:22
But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.







Lexicon
Then Saul's
שָׁאוּל֙ (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

anger
אַ֤ף (’ap̄)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 639: The nose, nostril, the face, a person, ire

burned
וַיִּֽחַר־ (way·yi·ḥar-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2734: To glow, grow warm, to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy

against Jonathan,
בִּיה֣וֹנָתָ֔ן (bî·hō·w·nā·ṯān)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3083: Jonathan -- 'the LORD has given', the name of a number of Israelites

and he said
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to him,
ל֔וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

“You son
בֶּֽן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of a perverse
נַעֲוַ֖ת (na·‘ă·waṯ)
Verb - Nifal - Participle - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5753: To bend, twist

and rebellious woman!
הַמַּרְדּ֑וּת (ham·mar·dūṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4780: Rebellion, rebelliousness

Do I not
הֲל֣וֹא (hă·lō·w)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

know
יָדַ֗עְתִּי (yā·ḏa‘·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

that
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you
אַתָּה֙ (’at·tāh)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

have chosen
בֹחֵ֤ר (ḇō·ḥêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 977: To try, select

the son
לְבֶן־ (lə·ḇen-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Jesse
יִשַׁ֔י (yi·šay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3448: Jesse -- father of David

to your own shame
לְבָ֨שְׁתְּךָ֔ (lə·ḇā·šə·tə·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1322: Shame, shameful thing

and to the disgrace
וּלְבֹ֖שֶׁת (ū·lə·ḇō·šeṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1322: Shame, shameful thing

of the mother
אִמֶּֽךָ׃ (’im·me·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

who bore you?
עֶרְוַ֥ת (‘er·waṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6172: Nakedness
(30) Saul's anger was kindled.--As David expected, his absence kindled into a flame the anger of Saul. Probably he had determined at that very feast, surrounded by his own devoted friends and members of his family, to carry out his evil designs against David's life.

Murder was, probably enough, one of the incidents arranged for at that banquet, but the absence of the intended victim marred the plot; besides which, the king, too, with the cunning which the partially insane so often display, saw through the veil of the specious excuse that David too clearly suspected his wicked design, and purposely stayed away; nay, more, that his own son Jonathan, the heir of his kingdom, suspected him, and openly sympathised with his friend David, for whose pointed absence he thus publicly apologised.

Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman.--These words, spoken in public, in any sense were a bitter insult to the prince. Another and better rendering has, however, been suggested. The word na?vath, rendered perverse, instead of being a feminine adjective, is probably an abstract noun. The translation would then run, "Thou son of perversity of rebellion," a common Hebraism for "a man of perverse and refractory nature;" so Clericus, Lange, and Payne Smith. This avoids the extreme improbability that Saul insulted his own wife, Jonathan's mother, which, as has been observed, contradicts the Hebrew family spirit.

The confusion of thy mother's nakedness.--This is far from insulting Jonathan's mother; it is simply an Oriental mode of saying, "she will feel ashamed at having brought such a son into the world."

Verses 30, 31. - Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman. Literally, "thou son of one perverse in rebellion." In the East it is the greatest possible insult to a man to call his mother names; but the word rendered perverse, instead of being a feminine adjective, is probably an abstract noun, and "son of perversity of rebellion" would mean one who was thoroughly perverse in his resistance to his father's will. Unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness. I.e. thy mother will feel ashamed and disgraced at having borne such a son. He shall surely die. Hebrew, "he is a son of death," son, being constantly used in Hebrew to express qualities, or, as here, the fate to which a man is destined. 20:24-34 None were more constant than David in attending holy duties; nor had he been absent, but self-preservation obliged him to withdraw. In great peril present opportunities for Divine ordinances may be waved. But it is bad for us, except in case of necessity, to omit any opportunity of statedly attending on them. Jonathan did wisely and well for himself and family, to secure an interest in David, yet for this he is blamed. It is good to take God's people for our people. It will prove to our advantage at last, however it may now be thought against our interest. Saul was outrageous. What savage beasts, and worse, does anger make men!
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OT History: 1 Samuel 20:30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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