1 Samuel 20:32
New International Version
“Why should he be put to death? What has he done?” Jonathan asked his father.

New Living Translation
“But why should he be put to death?” Jonathan asked his father. “What has he done?”

English Standard Version
Then Jonathan answered Saul his father, “Why should he be put to death? What has he done?”

Berean Study Bible
“Why must he be put to death?” Jonathan replied. “What has he done?”

King James Bible
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

New King James Version
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? What has he done?”

New American Standard Bible
But Jonathan replied to his father Saul and said to him, “Why must he be put to death? What has he done?”

NASB 1995
But Jonathan answered Saul his father and said to him, “Why should he be put to death? What has he done?”

NASB 1977
But Jonathan answered Saul his father and said to him, “Why should he be put to death? What has he done?”

Amplified Bible
Jonathan answered Saul his father, “Why must he be put to death? What has he done?”

Christian Standard Bible
Jonathan answered his father back, “Why is he to be killed? What has he done? ”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jonathan answered his father back: “Why is he to be killed? What has he done?”

American Standard Version
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Jonathan answered and said to Shaul his father: “Why should he die? What has he done?”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Jonathan answered Saul, Why is he to die? What has he done?

Contemporary English Version
"Why do you want to kill David?" Jonathan asked. "What has he done?"

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jonathan answering Saul his father, said: Why shall he die: what hath he done?

English Revised Version
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?

Good News Translation
"Why should he die?" Jonathan replied. "What has he done?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jonathan asked his father, "Why should he be killed? What has he done?"

International Standard Version
Jonathan asked his father Saul, "Why should he be killed? What did he do?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him: 'Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?'

Literal Standard Version
And Jonathan answers his father Saul and says to him, “Why is he put to death? What has he done?”

NET Bible
Jonathan responded to his father Saul, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"

New Heart English Bible
Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"

World English Bible
Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan answereth Saul his father, and saith unto him, 'Why is he put to death? what hath he done?'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Saul Seeks to Kill Jonathan
31For as long as the son of Jesse lives on this earth, neither you nor your kingship shall be established. Now send for him and bring him to me, for he must surely die!” 32“Why must he be put to death?” Jonathan replied. “What has he done?” 33Then Saul hurled his spear at Jonathan to kill him; so Jonathan knew that his father was determined to kill David.…

Cross References
Matthew 27:23
"Why?" asked Pilate. "What evil has He done?" But they shouted all the louder, "Crucify Him!"

Genesis 31:36
Then Jacob became incensed and challenged Laban. "What is my crime?" he said. "For what sin of mine have you so hotly pursued me?

1 Samuel 19:4
Then Jonathan spoke well of David to his father Saul and said to him, "The king should not sin against his servant David; he has not sinned against you. In fact, his actions have been highly beneficial to you.

1 Samuel 19:5
He took his life in his hands when he struck down the Philistine, and the LORD worked a great salvation for all Israel. You saw it and rejoiced, so why would you sin against innocent blood by killing David for no reason?"

1 Samuel 22:14
Ahimelech answered the king, "Who among all your servants is as faithful as David, the king's son-in-law, the captain of your bodyguard who is honored in your house?

Proverbs 31:9
Open your mouth, judge righteously, and defend the cause of the poor and needy.


Treasury of Scripture

And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why shall he be slain? what has he done?

Wherefore

1 Samuel 19:5
For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?

Proverbs 24:11,12
If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are ready to be slain; …

Proverbs 31:8,9
Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction…

what hath

Matthew 27:23
And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

Luke 23:22
And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go.

cast

1 Samuel 18:11
And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

1 Samuel 19:10,11
And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night…

Proverbs 22:24
Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:

whereby

1 Samuel 20:7
If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.

Ecclesiastes 7:9
Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.









(32) And Jonathan answered.--Jonathan, remembering the effect of his quiet, earnest remonstrance on a previous occasion, again tried to deprecate his father's unreasoning jealous anger, but this time to no purpose. A paroxysm of madness seized Saul, and he grasped the long spear leaning by his side, and with hate and fury in his eye raised the great war weapon to strike down his son.

Verses 32-34. - When Jonathan pleaded mildly for his friend, Saul did not east, but "brandished" (see on 1 Samuel 18:11) his javelin at him, threatening to smite him. This fierce behaviour of his father filled Jonathan also with anger, and he arose, refused to partake of the meal, and went away in wrath. His indignation was roused not merely at his father having thus brandished his javelin in his face, for he was sitting close to Saul, but because he had cast shameful aspersions upon David in saying that he was a rebel, and deserved death. JONATHAN'S LAST MEETING WITH DAVID (vers. 35-42).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
“Why
לָ֥מָּה (lām·māh)
Interrogative
Strong's 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

must he be put to death?
יוּמַ֖ת (yū·maṯ)
Verb - Hofal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

Jonathan
יְה֣וֹנָתָ֔ן (yə·hō·w·nā·ṯān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3083: Jonathan -- 'the LORD has given', the name of a number of Israelites

replied.
וַיַּ֙עַן֙ (way·ya·‘an)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6030: To answer, respond

“What
מֶ֥ה (meh)
Interrogative
Strong's 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

has he done?”
עָשָֽׂה׃ (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make


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OT History: 1 Samuel 20:32 Jonathan answered Saul his father and said (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 20:31
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