1 Samuel 17:28
New International Version
When Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger at him and asked, "Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch the battle."

New Living Translation
But when David's oldest brother, Eliab, heard David talking to the men, he was angry. "What are you doing around here anyway?" he demanded. "What about those few sheep you're supposed to be taking care of? I know about your pride and deceit. You just want to see the battle!"

English Standard Version
Now Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men. And Eliab’s anger was kindled against David, and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your presumption and the evil of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle.”

Berean Study Bible
Now when David’s oldest brother Eliab heard him speaking to the men, his anger burned against David. “Why have you come down here?” he asked. “And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and wickedness of heart—you have come down to see the battle!”

New American Standard Bible
Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger burned against David and he said, "Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle."

King James Bible
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.

Christian Standard Bible
David's oldest brother Eliab listened as he spoke to the men, and he became angry with him. "Why did you come down here?" he asked. "Who did you leave those few sheep with in the wilderness? I know your arrogance and your evil heart--you came down to see the battle!"

Contemporary English Version
David's oldest brother Eliab heard him talking with the soldiers. Eliab was angry with him and said, "What are you doing here, anyway? Who's taking care of your little flock of sheep out in the desert? You spoiled brat! You came here just to watch the fighting, didn't you?"

Good News Translation
Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard David talking to the men. He became angry with David and said, "What are you doing here? Who is taking care of those sheep of yours out there in the wilderness? You smart aleck, you! You just came to watch the fighting!"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David's oldest brother Eliab listened as he spoke to the men, and became angry with him. "Why did you come down here?" he asked. "Who did you leave those few sheep with in the wilderness? I know your arrogance and your evil heart--you came down to see the battle!"

International Standard Version
Eliab his oldest brother heard him talking to the men. Eliab was angry with David and said, "Why did you come down here? And who did you leave those few sheep with in the wilderness? I know your insolence and wicked intentions. You came down just to see the battle!"

NET Bible
When David's oldest brother Eliab heard him speaking to the men, he became angry with David and said, "Why have you come down here? To whom did you entrust those few sheep in the desert? I am familiar with your pride and deceit! You have come down here to watch the battle!"

New Heart English Bible
Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, "Why have you come down? With whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down that you might see the battle."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard David talking to the men. Then Eliab became angry with David. "Why did you come here," he asked him, "and with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know how overconfident and headstrong you are. You came here just to see the battle."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said: 'Why art thou come down? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy presumptuousness, and the naughtiness of thy heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.'

New American Standard 1977
Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab’s anger burned against David and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Eliab, his eldest brother, heard when he spoke unto the men, and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why didst thou come down here? And with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride and the malice of thy heart, for thou art come down that thou might see the battle.

King James 2000 Bible
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why came you down here? and with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the insolence of your heart; for you are come down that you might see the battle.

American King James Version
And Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why came you down here? and with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the naughtiness of your heart; for you are come down that you might see the battle.

American Standard Version
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why art thou come down? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thy heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when Eliab his eldest brother heard this, when he was speaking with others, he was angry with David, and said: Why earnest thou hither? and why didst thou leave those few sheep in the desert? I know thy pride, and the wickedness of thy heart: that thou art come down to see the battle.

Darby Bible Translation
And Eliab, his eldest brother, heard while he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why art thou come down? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride and the naughtiness of thy heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.

English Revised Version
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why art thou come down? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thy heart; for thou art come down that thou mayest see the battle.

World English Bible
Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, "Why have you come down? With whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the naughtiness of your heart; for you have come down that you might see the battle."

Young's Literal Translation
And Eliab, his eldest brother, heareth when he speaketh unto the men, and the anger of Eliab burneth against David, and he saith, 'Why is this -- thou hast come down! and to whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I have known thy pride, and the evil of thy heart -- for, to see the battle thou hast come down.'
Study Bible
David Accepts the Challenge
27The people told him about the offer, saying, “That is what will be done for the man who kills him.” 28Now when David’s oldest brother Eliab heard him speaking to the men, his anger burned against David. “Why have you come down here?” he asked. “And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and wickedness of heart— you have come down to see the battle!” 29“What have I done now?” said David. “Was it not just a question?”…
Cross References
Matthew 10:36
A man's enemies will be the members of his own household.'

Genesis 37:4
When Joseph's brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak a kind word to him.

Genesis 37:8
"Do you intend to reign over us?" his brothers asked. "Will you actually rule us?" So they hated him even more because of his dream and his statements.

1 Samuel 17:29
"What have I done now?" said David. "Was it not just a question?"

Proverbs 18:19
An offended brother is harder to win than a fortified city, and disputes are like the bars of a castle.

Treasury of Scripture

And Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why came you down here? and with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the naughtiness of your heart; for you are come down that you might see the battle.

Eliab's anger

1 Samuel 16:13
Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.

Genesis 37:4,8,11
And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him…

Proverbs 18:19
A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city: and their contentions are like the bars of a castle.

with

1 Samuel 17:20
And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.

I know

1 Samuel 16:7
But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.

Psalm 35:11
False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.

Jude 1:10
But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.







Lexicon
Now when David’s oldest
הַגָּד֔וֹל (hag·gā·ḏō·wl)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

brother
אָחִ֣יו (’ā·ḥîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

Eliab
אֱלִיאָב֙ (’ĕ·lî·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 446: Eliab -- 'God is father', the name of several Israelites

heard
וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ע (way·yiš·ma‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

him speaking
בְּדַבְּר֖וֹ (bə·ḏab·bə·rōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the men,
הָאֲנָשִׁ֑ים (hā·’ă·nā·šîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

his anger
אַף֩ (’ap̄)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 639: The nose, nostril, the face, a person, ire

burned
וַיִּֽחַר־ (way·yi·ḥar-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2734: To glow, grow warm, to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy

against David.
בְּדָוִ֜ד (bə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

“Why
לָמָּה־ (lām·māh-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

have you come down
יָרַ֗דְתָּ (yā·raḏ·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

here?”
זֶּ֣ה (zeh)
Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

he asked.
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ׀ (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“And with
וְעַל־ (wə·‘al-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

whom
מִ֨י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

did you leave
נָטַ֜שְׁתָּ (nā·ṭaš·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5203: To pound, smite, to disperse, to thrust off, down, out, upon

those
הָהֵ֙נָּה֙ (hā·hên·nāh)
Article | Pronoun - third person feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2007: Themselves

few
מְעַ֨ט (mə·‘aṭ)
Adjective - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4592: A little, fewness, a few

sheep
הַצֹּ֤אן (haṣ·ṣōn)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6629: Small cattle, sheep and goats, flock

in the wilderness?
בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר (bam·miḏ·bār)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech

I
אֲנִ֧י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

know
יָדַ֣עְתִּי (yā·ḏa‘·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

your pride
זְדֹנְךָ֗ (zə·ḏō·nə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2087: Insolence, presumptuousness

and wickedness
רֹ֣עַ (rō·a‘)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7455: Badness, evil

of heart´┐Ż
לְבָבֶ֔ךָ (lə·ḇā·ḇe·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart

you have come down
יָרָֽדְתָּ׃ (yā·rā·ḏə·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

to
לְמַ֛עַן (lə·ma·‘an)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 4616: Purpose -- intent

see
רְא֥וֹת (rə·’ō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

the battle!”
הַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה (ham·mil·ḥā·māh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war
(28) And Eliab's anger was kindled against David.--There were probably many years between the ages of the eldest and youngest of these eight brothers, and this jealous anger was, no doubt, no new thing in Eliab. The casual mention (1Samuel 17:34) of the boy's prowess, when the lion and the bear attacked his father's flock, tells us that the boyhood and youth of David had been no ordinary one, and Eliab's jealous disposition had been, doubtless, often aroused. Probably, too, the envious elder brother well remembered the visit of the great seer to Bethlehem, and how Samuel had, for some mysterious, and as yet unknown, reason, anointed this young brother of his, and had chosen him to be his pupil and companion. Was he now come with power unknown to him (Eliab) to perform some startling deed of daring?

Verses 28, 29. - Eliab's anger was kindled against David. As David, with growing indignation at an uncovenanted heathen thus dishonouring the subjects of the living God, puts eager questions to all around, his ehier brother angrily reproaches him with words full of contempt. Between the eldest and youngest of eight sons was a vast interval, and Eliab regards David's talk as mere pride, or, rather, "presumption," "impertinence;" and also as naughtiness, or badness, of heart, probably because he imagined that David's object was to provoke some one else to fight, that he might see the battle. David's answer is gentle and forbearing, but the last words are difficult. Is there not a cause? Have not those whom we are ready to condemn a reason and justification for their conduct? Such a question put to ourselves might stop much slander and fault finding. But the Hebrew literally has, Is it not word? And the ancient versions and the best modern commentators understand by this, "It was but a mere word;" "I was only talking about this challenge, and was doing no wrong. 17:12-30 Jesse little thought of sending his son to the army at that critical juncture; but the wise God orders actions and affairs, so as to serve his designs. In times of general formality and lukewarmness, every degree of zeal which implies readiness to go further, or to venture more in the cause of God than others, will be blamed as pride and ambition, and by none more than by near relations, like Eliab, or negligent superiors. It was a trial of David's meekness, patience, and constancy. He had right and reason on his side, and did not render railing for railing; with a soft answer he turned away his brother's wrath. This conquest of his own passion was more honourable than that of Goliath. Those who undertake great and public services, must not think it strange if they are spoken ill of, and opposed by those from whom they expect support and assistance. They must humbly go on with their work, in the face not only of enemies' threats, but of friends' slights and suspicions.
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Alphabetical: against and anger are asked at battle brother burned came come conceited David David's desert did down Eliab Eliab's few for have he heard heart here him his how I in insolence is know leave left men Now of oldest only order said see sheep speaking spoke the those to watch When whom Why wicked wickedness wilderness with you your

OT History: 1 Samuel 17:28 Eliab his eldest brother heard when he (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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