1 Samuel 17:26
New International Version
David asked the men standing near him, "What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

New Living Translation
David asked the soldiers standing nearby, "What will a man get for killing this Philistine and ending his defiance of Israel? Who is this pagan Philistine anyway, that he is allowed to defy the armies of the living God?"

English Standard Version
And David said to the men who stood by him, “What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?”

Berean Study Bible
David asked the men who were standing with him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Just who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?”

New American Standard Bible
Then David spoke to the men who were standing by him, saying, "What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should taunt the armies of the living God?"

King James Bible
And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

Christian Standard Bible
David spoke to the men who were standing with him: "What will be done for the man who kills that Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Just who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

Contemporary English Version
David asked some soldiers standing nearby, "What will a man get for killing this Philistine and stopping him from insulting our people? Who does that worthless Philistine think he is? He's making fun of the army of the living God!"

Good News Translation
David asked the men who were near him, "What will the man get who kills this Philistine and frees Israel from this disgrace? After all, who is this heathen Philistine to defy the army of the living God?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David spoke to the men who were standing with him: "What will be done for the man who kills that Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Just who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

International Standard Version
David asked the men who were standing by him, "What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? Indeed, who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

NET Bible
David asked the men who were standing near him, "What will be done for the man who strikes down this Philistine and frees Israel from this humiliation? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he defies the armies of the living God?"

New Heart English Bible
David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, "What shall be done to the man who kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David asked the men who were standing near him, "What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and gets rid of Israel's disgrace? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should challenge the army of the living God?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying: 'What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the taunt from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should have taunted the armies of the living God?'

New American Standard 1977
Then David spoke to the men who were standing by him, saying, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should taunt the armies of the living God?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that overcomes this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should dishonour the armies of the living God?

King James 2000 Bible
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

American King James Version
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

American Standard Version
And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying: What shall be given to the man that shall kill this Philistine, and shall take away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

Darby Bible Translation
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that smites this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

English Revised Version
And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

Webster's Bible Translation
And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

World English Bible
David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, "What shall be done to the man who kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

Young's Literal Translation
And David speaketh unto the men who are standing by him, saying, 'What is done to the man who smiteth this Philistine, and hath turned aside reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he hath reproached the ranks of the living God?'
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
David Accepts the Challenge
25Now the men of Israel had been saying, “Do you see this man who keeps coming out to defy Israel? To the man who kills him the king will give great riches. And he will give him his daughter in marriage and exempt his father's house from taxation in Israel.” 26David asked the men who were standing with him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Just who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?” 27The people told him about the offer, saying, “That is what will be done for the man who kills him.”…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 5:26
For who of all flesh has heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the fire, as we have, and survived?

1 Samuel 11:2
But Nahash the Ammonite replied, "I will make a treaty with you on one condition, that I may put out everyone's right eye and bring reproach upon all Israel."

1 Samuel 14:6
Jonathan said to the young man bearing his armor, "Come, let us cross over to the outpost of these uncircumcised men. Perhaps the LORD will work on our behalf. Nothing can hinder the LORD from saving, whether by many or by few."

1 Samuel 17:10
Then the Philistine said, "I defy the ranks of Israel this day! Give me a man to fight!"

1 Samuel 17:30
Then he turned from him toward another and asked about the offer, and those people answered just as the first ones.

1 Samuel 17:36
Your servant has killed lions and bears; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God."

1 Samuel 31:4
Then Saul said to his armor-bearer, "Draw your sword and run it through me, or these uncircumcised men will come and run me through and torture me!" But the armor-bearer refused, because he was terrified. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it.

2 Kings 19:4
Perhaps the LORD your God will hear all the words of the Rab-shakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to defy the living God, and He will rebuke him for the words that the LORD your God has heard. Therefore lift up a prayer for the remnant that still survives."

Jeremiah 9:25
"Behold, the days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will punish all who are circumcised yet uncircumcised:

Jeremiah 9:26
Egypt, Judah, Edom, Ammon, Moab, and all the inhabitants of the desert who clip the hair of their temples. All these nations are really uncircumcised, and even the whole house of Israel is uncircumcised in heart."

Jeremiah 10:10
But the LORD is the true God; He is the living God and eternal King. The earth quakes at His wrath, and the nations cannot endure His indignation."

Ezekiel 28:10
You will die the death of the uncircumcised at the hands of foreigners. For I have spoken, declares the Lord GOD.'"

Treasury of Scripture

And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?

reproach

1 Samuel 11:2 And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition will I make …

Joshua 7:8,9 O LORD, what shall I say, when Israel turns their backs before their enemies!…

2 Kings 19:4 It may be the LORD your God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, …

Nehemiah 5:9 Also I said, It is not good that you do…

Psalm 44:13 You make us a reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and a derision to …

Psalm 74:18 Remember this, that the enemy has reproached, O LORD, and that the …

Psalm 79:12 And render to our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, …

Daniel 9:16 O LORD, according to all your righteousness, I beseech you, let your …

Joel 2:19 Yes, the LORD will answer and say to his people, Behold, I will send …

uncircumcised

1 Samuel 17:36 Your servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised …

1 Samuel 14:6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bore his armor, Come, and …

defy

1 Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give …

Deuteronomy 5:26 For who is there of all flesh, that has heard the voice of the living …

Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting …

1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we had to you…

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, …







Lexicon
David
דָּוִ֗ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

asked
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

the men
לָאִישׁ֙ (lā·’îš)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

who were standing
הָעֹמְדִ֣ים (hā·‘ō·mə·ḏîm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

with him,
עִמּוֹ֮ (‘im·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

“What
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

will be done
יֵּעָשֶׂ֗ה (yê·‘ā·śeh)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

for the man who
אֲשֶׁ֤ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

kills
יַכֶּה֙ (yak·keh)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

this
הַלָּ֔ז (hal·lāz)
Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1975: This, that

Philistine
הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֣י (hap·pə·liš·tî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

and removes
וְהֵסִ֥יר (wə·hê·sîr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5493: To turn aside

this disgrace
חֶרְפָּ֖ה (ḥer·pāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2781: Contumely, disgrace, the pudenda

from
מֵעַ֣ל (mê·‘al)
Preposition-m
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Israel?
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

Just who
מִ֗י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

is this
הַזֶּ֔ה (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

uncircumcised
הֶֽעָרֵל֙ (he·‘ā·rêl)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6189: Having foreskin (uncircumcised)

Philistine,
הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֤י (hap·pə·liš·tî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

that
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

he should defy
חֵרֵ֔ף (ḥê·rêp̄)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2778: To pull off, to expose, to betroth, to carp at, defame, to spend the winter

the armies
מַעַרְכ֖וֹת (ma·‘ar·ḵō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 4634: An arrangement, a pile, a military array

of the living
חַיִּֽים׃ (ḥay·yîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2416: Alive, raw, fresh, strong, life

God?
אֱלֹהִ֥ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative
(26) And David spake . . .--Very vividly does the historian here depict the scene that morning in the "front:" the dismayed soldiers of King Saul watching and listening to the boastful, impious words, as the giant champion shouted them across the narrow ravine which parted the outposts of the two armies; the enthusiastic shepherd boy, glowing with religious fervour, going from group to group of the advanced guard in the front, as they stood gloomily leaning on their spears, asking questions, and gleaning all the information possible about this insulter of his God.

17:12-30 Jesse little thought of sending his son to the army at that critical juncture; but the wise God orders actions and affairs, so as to serve his designs. In times of general formality and lukewarmness, every degree of zeal which implies readiness to go further, or to venture more in the cause of God than others, will be blamed as pride and ambition, and by none more than by near relations, like Eliab, or negligent superiors. It was a trial of David's meekness, patience, and constancy. He had right and reason on his side, and did not render railing for railing; with a soft answer he turned away his brother's wrath. This conquest of his own passion was more honourable than that of Goliath. Those who undertake great and public services, must not think it strange if they are spoken ill of, and opposed by those from whom they expect support and assistance. They must humbly go on with their work, in the face not only of enemies' threats, but of friends' slights and suspicions.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 17:26 David spoke to the men who stood (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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