1 Samuel 17:13
New International Version
Jesse's three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab; the second, Abinadab; and the third, Shammah.

New Living Translation
Jesse's three oldest sons--Eliab, Abinadab, and Shimea--had already joined Saul's army to fight the Philistines.

English Standard Version
The three oldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Berean Study Bible
The three older sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab, the second was Abinadab, and the third was Shammah.

New American Standard Bible
The three older sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

King James Bible
And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Christian Standard Bible
Jesse's three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war, and their names were Eliab, the firstborn, Abinadab, the next, and Shammah, the third,

Good News Translation
His three oldest sons had gone with Saul to war. The oldest was Eliab, the next was Abinadab, and the third was Shammah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jesse's three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war, and their names were Eliab, the firstborn, Abinadab, the next, and Shammah, the third,

International Standard Version
The three oldest sons of Jesse followed Saul into battle. The names of his three sons who went to the battle were his firstborn Eliab, Abinadab, his second son, and Shammah, the third.

NET Bible
Jesse's three oldest sons had followed Saul to war. The names of the three sons who went to war were Eliab, his firstborn, Abinadab, the second oldest, and Shammah, the third oldest.

New Heart English Bible
The three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesse's three oldest sons joined Saul's army for the battle. The firstborn was Eliab, the second was Abinadab, the third was Shammah,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle; and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

New American Standard 1977
And the three older sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the three eldest sons of Jesse had gone and followed Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab, the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab and the third Shammah.

King James 2000 Bible
And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

American King James Version
And the three oldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

American Standard Version
And the three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his three eldest sons followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle, were Eliab the firstborn, and the second Abinadab, and the third Samma.

Darby Bible Translation
And the three eldest of the sons of Jesse had gone and followed Saul to the battle; and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

English Revised Version
And the three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

World English Bible
The three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Young's Literal Translation
and the three eldest sons of Jesse go, they have gone after Saul to battle; and the name of his three sons who have gone into battle are Eliab the first-born, and his second Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
Study Bible
David Accepts the Challenge
12Now David was the son of a man named Jesse, an Ephrathite from Bethlehem of Judah who had eight sons in the days of Saul. And Jesse was old and advanced in years. 13The three older sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab, the second was Abinadab, and the third was Shammah. 14And David was the youngest. The three oldest had followed Saul,…
Cross References
1 Samuel 16:6
When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab and said, "Surely here before the LORD is His anointed."

1 Samuel 16:8
Then Jesse called Abinadab and presented him to Samuel, who said, "The LORD has not chosen this one either."

1 Samuel 16:9
Next Jesse presented Shammah, but Samuel said, "The LORD has not chosen this one either."

Treasury of Scripture

And the three oldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

the names

1 Samuel 17:28
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.

1 Samuel 16:6-8
And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD'S anointed is before him…

1 Chronicles 2:13
And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,

Shammah

2 Samuel 13:3,32
But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man…

2 Samuel 21:21
And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him.

Shimeah







Lexicon
The three
שְׁלֹ֤שֶׁת (šə·lō·šeṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

older
הַגְּדֹלִ֔ים (hag·gə·ḏō·lîm)
Article | Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

sons
בְּנֵֽי־ (bə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Jesse
יִשַׁי֙ (yi·šay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3448: Jesse -- father of David

had followed
וַיֵּ֨לְכ֜וּ (way·yê·lə·ḵū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

Saul
שָׁא֖וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

to the war:
לַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה (lam·mil·ḥā·māh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war

The firstborn
הַבְּכ֗וֹר (hab·bə·ḵō·wr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1060: Firstborn, chief

[was] Eliab,
אֱלִיאָ֣ב (’ĕ·lî·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 446: Eliab -- 'God is father', the name of several Israelites

the second
וּמִשְׁנֵ֙הוּ֙ (ū·miš·nê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4932: A repetition, a duplicate, a double, a second

[was] Abinadab,
אֲבִ֣ינָדָ֔ב (’ă·ḇî·nā·ḏāḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 41: Abinadab -- 'my father is noble', three Israelites

and the third
וְהַשְּׁלִשִׁ֖י (wə·haš·šə·li·šî)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Number - ordinal masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7992: Third, feminine a, third, a third, a third-story cell)

[was] Shammah.
שַׁמָּֽה׃ (šam·māh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8048: Shammah -- an Edomite, also several Israelites
17:12-30 Jesse little thought of sending his son to the army at that critical juncture; but the wise God orders actions and affairs, so as to serve his designs. In times of general formality and lukewarmness, every degree of zeal which implies readiness to go further, or to venture more in the cause of God than others, will be blamed as pride and ambition, and by none more than by near relations, like Eliab, or negligent superiors. It was a trial of David's meekness, patience, and constancy. He had right and reason on his side, and did not render railing for railing; with a soft answer he turned away his brother's wrath. This conquest of his own passion was more honourable than that of Goliath. Those who undertake great and public services, must not think it strange if they are spoken ill of, and opposed by those from whom they expect support and assistance. They must humbly go on with their work, in the face not only of enemies' threats, but of friends' slights and suspicions.
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Alphabetical: Abinadab after and battle Eliab firstborn followed gone had him his Jesse Jesse's names of older oldest Saul second Shammah sons the third three to war was went were who

OT History: 1 Samuel 17:13 The three eldest sons of Jesse had (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Samuel 17:12
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