Shammah
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Shammah

loss; desolation; astonishment

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Shammah

(astonishment).

  1. The son of Reuel the son of Esau. (Genesis 36:13,17; 1 Chronicles 1:37) (B.C. about 1700.)
  2. The third son of Jesse, and brother of David. (1 Samuel 16:9; 17:13) Called also Shimea., Shimeah and Shimma.
  3. One of the three greatest of David's mighty men. (2 Samuel 23:11-17) (B.C. 1061.)
  4. The Harodite, one of David's mighties. (2 Samuel 23:25) He is called "SHAMMOTH the Harorite" in (1 Chronicles 11:27) and "SHAMHUTH the Izrahite" ibid. (1 Chronicles 27:8)
  5. In the list of David's mighty men in (2 Samuel 23:32,33) we find "Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite;" while in the corresponding verse of (1 Chronicles 11:34) it is Jonathan.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Shammah

1. One of the three chiefs of David's thirty heroes, who shared with David and Eleazar the honor of the exploit recorded in 2 Samuel 23:11,12; 1 Chronicles 11:12-14. Another feast is described in 2 Samuel 23:13 17.

2. A brother of David, 1 Samuel 16:9; 17:13; elsewhere called Shimeah, 2 Samuel 13:3,22; 1 Chronicles 2:13.

Others of this name are mentioned, Genesis 36:13,17; 2 Samuel 23:25,33; 1 Chronicles 11:27; 27:8.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Desert.

(1.) One of the "dukes" of Edom (Genesis 36:13, 17).

(2.) One of the sons of Jesse (1 Samuel 16:9). He is also called Shimeah (2 Samuel 13:3) and Shimma (1 Chronicles 2:13).

(3.) One of David's three mighty men (2 Samuel 23:11, 12).

(4.) One of David's mighties (2 Samuel 23:25); called also Shammoth (1 Chronicles 11:27) and Shamhuth (27:8).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SHAMMAH

sham'-a (shammah):

(1) The son of Reuel, the son of Esau, a tribal chief of Edom (Genesis 36:13, 17 1 Chronicles 1:37, Some).

(2) The third son of Jesse and brother of David. Together with his two other brothers he fought under Saul in the campaign against the Philistines and was with the army in the valley of Elah when David slew Goliath (1 Samuel 17:13). One redactor states that he was a witness of the anointing of David by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:1-13). He was the father of Jonadab, the friend of Amnon (2 Samuel 13:3), and that Jonathan whose victory over a Philistine giant is narrated in 2 Samuel 21:20; was also his son. His name is rendered as "Shammah" (1 Samuel 16:9; 1 Samuel 17:13), "Shimeah" (2 Samuel 13:3, 12), "Shimei" (2 Samuel 21:21), and "Shimea" (1 Chronicles 2:13; 1 Chronicles 20:7).

(3) The son of Agee, a Hararite, one of the "three mighty men" of David (2 Samuel 23:11, Septuagint Samaia), who held the field against the Philistines. The parallel passage (1 Chronicles 11:10) ascribes this deed to Eleazar, the son of Dodo. The succeeding incident (2 Samuel 23:13), namely, the famous act of three of David's heroes who risked their lives to bring their leader water from the well of Bethlehem, has frequently been credited to Shammah and two other members of "the three"; but the three warriors are plainly said (2 Samuel 23:13) to belong to "the thirty"; 2 Samuel 23:33 should read "Jonathan, son of Shammah, the Hararite." Jonathan, one of David's "thirty," was a son of Shammah; the word "son" has been accidentally omitted (Driver, Budde, Kittel, etc.). The parallel passage (1 Chronicles 11:34) has "son of Shagee," which is probably, a misreading for "son of Agee." Lucian's version, "son of Shammah," is most plausible. "Shimei the son of Ela" (1 Kings 4:18) should also appear in this passage if Lucian's reading of "Ela" for "Agee" (2 Samuel 23:11) be correct.

(4) A Harodite (2 Samuel 23:25, 33), i.e. probably a native of `Ain-charod (`Ain Jalud, Judges 7:1; see HAROD). One of "the thirty" and captain of Solomon's 5th monthly course. In the parallel lists (1 Chronicles 11:27) he is called "the Harorite" (this last being a scribal error for Harodite) and "Shamhuth the Izrahate" (1 Chronicles 27:8).

Horace J. Wolf

Strong's Hebrew
8048. Shammah -- an Edomite, also several Israelites
... 8047, 8048. Shammah. 8049 . an Edomite, also several Israelites. Transliteration:
Shammah Phonetic Spelling: (sham-maw') Short Definition: Shammah. ...
/hebrew/8048.htm - 6k

3074. Yhvh Shammah -- Jehovah-shammah
Yhvh Shammah. 3073, 3074. Yhvh Shammah. 3075 . Jehovah-shammah.
Transliteration: Yhvh Shammah Phonetic Spelling: (yeh-ho-vaw' shawm ...
/hebrew/3074.htm - 6k

8047. shammah -- waste, horror
... 8046b, 8047. shammah. 8048 . waste, horror. Transliteration: shammah Phonetic
Spelling: (sham-maw') Short Definition: desolation. ... shammah. 8048 . ...
/hebrew/8047.htm - 6k

8049. Shamhuth -- a captain of Isr.
... NASB Word Usage Shamhuth (1). Shamhuth. For Shammah; desolation; Shamhuth, an Israelite
-- Shamhuth. see HEBREW Shammah. 8048, 8049. Shamhuth. 8050 . ...
/hebrew/8049.htm - 6k

8054. Shammoth -- one of David's heroes
... Shamoth. Plural of shammah; ruins; Shammoth, an Israelite -- Shamoth. see HEBREW
shammah. 8053, 8054. Shammoth. 8055 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/8054.htm - 6k

Library

Jehovah-Shammah: a Glorious Name for the New Year
... Jehovah-Shammah: A Glorious Name for the New Year. A Sermon (No.2182). Intended
for Reading on Lord's-day, January 4th, 1891. Delivered by. CH SPURGEON,. ...
/.../spurgeons sermons volume 37 1891/jehovah-shammah a glorious name for.htm

Jehovah-Shammah. Ezek 48:33:00
... EZEKIEL Hymn 72 JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH. Ezek 48:33. William Cowper 8,8,8,8. JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH.
Ezek 48:33. As birds their infant brood protect, Is 31:5. ...
/.../newton/olney hymns/hymn 72 jehovah-shammah ezek 48 33 0.htm

The Battle of the Beanfield. 2 Samuel, xxiii, 11, 12.
... But they made a mistake in coming where Shammah lived! HE STOOD! ... Shammah seems
to have said, "If I am to die, I will die here among the beans. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/champness/broken bread/v the battle of the.htm

Jehovah
... Righteousness. Jehovah-shammah, ie, The Lord is there. ... us.". Both these names
then, Jehovah-shammah and Emmanuel, mean the same thing. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/smith/the god of all comfort/chapter 6 jehovah.htm

Chapter xxxvi
... Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, the wife of Esau. And these are the
sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxvi.htm

The Shepherd Boy of Bethlehem.
... Then Jesse called Abinidab, but Samuel said: "The Lord hath not chosen this."
Then he made Shammah to pass before him, but Samuel said: ...
/.../lathbury/childs story of the bible/chapter xix the shepherd boy.htm

The Shepherd-King
... And he said, Neither hath the Lord chosen this.9. Then Jesse made Shammah to
pass by. And he said, Neither hath the Lord chosen this.10. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/the shepherd-king.htm

A Table to the First Book, According to the Order and Subject of ...
... 69 The Lord is my portion 3 EZEKIEL 70 Humbled and silenced by mercy 16 71 The covenant
36 72 Jehovah-Shammah 48 DANIEL 73 The power and triumph of faith 3,6 ...
//christianbookshelf.org/newton/olney hymns/a table to the first.htm

May 1 Evening
... MAY 1 EVENING. Jehovah-shammah (The Lord is there.)"EZEK.48:35. Behold,
the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with ...
/.../anonymous/daily light on the daily path/may 1 evening.htm

Olney Hymns
... Ezek 16:64. Hymn 71 The covenant. Ezek 36:25-28. Hymn 72 JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH. Ezek
48:33. DANIEL. Hymn 73 The power and triumph of faith. Dan 3:6. Hymn 74 BELSHAZZAR ...
//christianbookshelf.org/newton/olney hymns/

Thesaurus
Shammah (8 Occurrences)
...SHAMMAH. sham'-a (shammah): (1) The son of Reuel, the son of Esau, a tribal
chief of Edom (Genesis 36:13, 17 1 Chronicles 1:37, Some). ...
/s/shammah.htm - 13k

Jehovah-shammah
Jehovah-shammah. Jehovahshammah, Jehovah-shammah. Jehovah-the . Easton's Bible
Dictionary ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH. ...
/j/jehovah-shammah.htm - 7k

Agee (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Fugitive, the father of Shammah, who was one of David's
mighty men (2 Samuel 23:11). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. AGEE. ...
/a/agee.htm - 7k

Nahath (5 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ... 1
Chronicles 1:37 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ...
/n/nahath.htm - 9k

Jehovahshammah
... 48:35). It was a type of the gospel Church. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH. je-ho'-va sham'-a (yahweh shammah, "Yahweh ...
/j/jehovahshammah.htm - 7k

Reuel (14 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ... 1
Chronicles 1:37 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ...
/r/reuel.htm - 12k

Reu'el (10 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:13 And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ...
1 Chronicles 1:37 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ...
/r/reu'el.htm - 8k

Mizzah (3 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ... 1
Chronicles 1:37 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ...
/m/mizzah.htm - 7k

Hararite (4 Occurrences)
... Thus used of two heroes: (1) Shammah, the son of Agee (2 Samuel 23:11, 33). ... 2
Samuel 23:11 After him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite. ...
/h/hararite.htm - 8k

Zerah (22 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ... 1
Chronicles 1:37 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. ...
/z/zerah.htm - 19k

Concordance
Shammah (8 Occurrences)

Genesis 36:13
These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Basemath, Esau's wife.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 36:17
These are the sons of Reuel, Esau's son: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah: these are the chiefs who came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Basemath, Esau's wife.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 16:9
Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. He said, "Neither has Yahweh chosen this one."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 17:13
The three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 23:11
After him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite. The Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils; and the people fled from the Philistines.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 23:25
Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 23:33
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 1:37
The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Shammah

Shammah: A Hararite, One of David's Mighty Men

Shammah: David's Brother

Shammah: David's Brother: Called Shimea

Shammah: David's Brother: Called Shimeah

Shammah: David's Brother: Called Shimma

Shammah: One of David's Mighty Men

Shammah: One of David's Mighty Men, Son of Agee

Shammah: One of David's Mighty Men: Called Shammoth

Shammah: Son of Reuel

Related Terms

Jehovah-shammah

Agee (1 Occurrence)

Nahath (5 Occurrences)

Jehovahshammah

Reuel (14 Occurrences)

Reu'el (10 Occurrences)

Mizzah (3 Occurrences)

Hararite (4 Occurrences)

Zerah (22 Occurrences)

Jashen (1 Occurrence)

Lentils (4 Occurrences)

Grandsons (9 Occurrences)

Esau's (13 Occurrences)

Basmath (7 Occurrences)

Bashemath (6 Occurrences)

Bas'emath (7 Occurrences)

Basemath (7 Occurrences)

Ararite (2 Occurrences)

Har'arite (4 Occurrences)

Jesse (45 Occurrences)

Oldest (58 Occurrences)

Jehovah-the (1 Occurrence)

Jehonadab (2 Occurrences)

Lehi (5 Occurrences)

Lentiles (4 Occurrences)

Troop (28 Occurrences)

Eldest (17 Occurrences)

Eli'ka (1 Occurrence)

Elika (1 Occurrence)

Ela (2 Occurrences)

Eli'ab (19 Occurrences)

Duke (14 Occurrences)

Dukes (14 Occurrences)

Plot (53 Occurrences)

Byword (14 Occurrences)

Banded (15 Occurrences)

Chiefs (227 Occurrences)

Abin'adab (10 Occurrences)

Abinadab (12 Occurrences)

Ahi'am (2 Occurrences)

Ahiam (2 Occurrences)

Shimea (6 Occurrences)

Shammai (5 Occurrences)

Shamma (1 Occurrence)

Sharar (1 Occurrence)

Shamgar (2 Occurrences)

Eliab (20 Occurrences)

Esau (89 Occurrences)

Descended (64 Occurrences)

Older (43 Occurrences)

Collected (55 Occurrences)

Shimei (43 Occurrences)

Troops (92 Occurrences)

Israel's (72 Occurrences)

Bit (46 Occurrences)

Edom (108 Occurrences)

Causeth (209 Occurrences)

Jonathan (109 Occurrences)

Descendants (326 Occurrences)

Piece (93 Occurrences)

First-born (110 Occurrences)

Harod (3 Occurrences)

Harodite (2 Occurrences)

Shammoth (1 Occurrence)

Shimma (1 Occurrence)

Fled (181 Occurrences)

Firstborn (119 Occurrences)

Portion (227 Occurrences)

Chosen (197 Occurrences)

Battle (282 Occurrences)

David (1052 Occurrences)

Names (133 Occurrences)

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