Duke
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Derived from the Latin dux, meaning "a leader;" Arabic, "a sheik." This word is used to denote the phylarch or chief of a tribe (Genesis 36:15-43; Exodus 15:15; 1 Chronicles 1:51-54).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A leader; a chief; a prince.

2. (n.) In England, one of the highest order of nobility after princes and princesses of the royal blood and the four archbishops of England and Ireland.

3. (n.) In some European countries, a sovereign prince, without the title of king.

4. (v. i.) To play the duke.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DUKE

duk: The rendering in the King James Version in Genesis 36:15; Exodus 15:15, and 1 Chronicles 1:51 of 'alluph (the American Standard Revised Version and the English Revised Version, margin "chief"), and in Joshua 13:21 of necikhim ("dukes," the Revised Version (British and American) "princes"). It occurs also, as the rendering of strategos, in 1 Maccabees 10:65 (the Revised Version (British and American) "captain"). Elsewhere necikhim is translated "princes" or "principal men." The fact that with two exceptions the term is applied in English Versions of the Bible only to the chiefs of Edom has led to the impression that in the family of Esau the chiefs bore a special and hereditary title. But 'alluph was a general term for tribal chief or prince (compare Zechariah 9:7; Zechariah 12:5, 6; the Revised Version (British and American) "chieftains," the King James Version "governors").

Moreover, at the time the King James Version was made the word "duke" was not used as a title in England: the term had the same general force as dux, the word employed in the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) So Sir T. Elyot (died 1546) speaks of "Hannibal, duke of Carthage" (The Governor, II, 233); Shakespeare, Henry V, III, 2, 20, "Be merciful, great duke, to men of mould" (compare Midsummer Night's Dream, I, 1, 21); Sylvester (1591) Du Bartas, "The great Duke, that in dreadful aw upon Mt. Horeb learned the eternal law." In a still earlier age Wycliff uses the word of the Messiah (Matthew 2:6); and in Select Works, III, 137, "Jesus Christ, duke of oure batel."

Yet in all probability the Hebrew word was more specific than "chief" or "duke" in the broad sense. For if 'alluph is derived from 'eleph, "thousand," "tribe," the term would mean the leader of a clan, a "chiliarch" (compare Septuagint, Zechariah 9:7; Zechariah 12:5, 6). the American Standard Revised Version has eliminated the word "duke." See CHIEF.

J. R. Van Pelt

Strong's Hebrew
441. alluwph -- tame
... alluwph. 441a . tame. Transliteration: alluwph Phonetic Spelling: (al-loof') Short
Definition: captain. captain, duke, chief friend, governor, guide, ox ...
/hebrew/441.htm - 5k

5257. nciyk -- a libation, molten image
... nciyk. 5257a . a libation, molten image. Transliteration: nciyk Phonetic Spelling:
(nes-eek') Short Definition: offering. drink offering, duke, principal ...
/hebrew/5257.htm - 5k

Library

Ode on the Installation of the Duke of Devonshire, Chancellor of ...
... ODE ON THE INSTALLATION OF THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, CHANCELLOR OF THE
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, 1862 {303}. Hence a while, severer ...
/.../kingsley/andromeda and other poems/ode on the installation of.htm

Letter Lvii to the Duke and Duchess of Lorraine
... LETTER LVII To the Duke and Duchess of Lorraine. To the Duke and Duchess
of Lorraine [87] He thanks them for having hitherto remitted ...
/.../some letters of saint bernard abbot of clairvaux/letter lvii to the duke.htm

Of Artemius the Duke. Of Publia the Deaconess and Her Divine ...
... Book III. Chapter XIV."Of Artemius the Duke. Of Publia the Deaconess and her
divine boldness. Artemius [640] commanded the troops in Egypt. ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of theodoret/chapter xiv of artemius the duke.htm

Epistle xxiii. To Hospito, Duke of the Barbaricini .
... Epistle XXIII. To Hospito, Duke of the Barbaricini . To Hospito, Duke of the
Barbaricini [1542] . Gregory to Hospito, &c. ... 24) being the duke of the island. ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle xxiii to hospito duke.htm

Epistle xxiv. To Zabardas, Duke of Sardinia.
... Register of the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great. Epistle XXIV. To Zabardas,
Duke of Sardinia. To Zabardas, Duke of Sardinia. Gregory to Zabardas, &c. ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle xxiv to zabardas duke.htm

Epistle Xlviii. To Theodorus, Duke of Sardinia.
... Register of the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great. Epistle XLVIII. To Theodorus,
Duke of Sardinia. To Theodorus, Duke of Sardinia. Gregory to Theodorus, &c. ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle xlviii to theodorus duke.htm

Duke Street. LM The Majesty of God.
... 8 Duke Street. LM The Majesty of God. The Majesty of God. (7) Come, oh, my soul,
in sacred lays, Attempt thy great Creator's praise; But oh! ...
//christianbookshelf.org/lorenz/the otterbein hymnal/8 duke street l m the.htm

Epistle Lviii. To Arsicinus Duke, the Clergy, Nobility, and Common ...
... Epistle LVIII. To Arsicinus Duke, the Clergy, Nobility, and Common People
(ordini et plebi) of the City of Ariminum. To Arsicinus ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle lviii to arsicinus duke.htm

Humbly Inscribed to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, one of his ...
... HUMBLY INSCRIBED TO HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF NEWCASTLE, ONE OF HIS MAJESTY'S PRINCIPAL
SECRETARIES OF STATE. cFatis contraria fata rependens."Virg. NIGHT NINTH. ...
/.../young/youngs night thoughts/humbly inscribed to his grace.htm

Appendix B: Forgery Procured by Mary of Guise
... But it is necessary to state the following facts as tending to show that the Regent
was capable of procuring a forgery against the Duke of Chatelherault. ...
/.../lang/john knox and the reformation/appendix b forgery procured by.htm

Thesaurus
Duke (14 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) In some European countries, a sovereign prince, without the title of king.
4. (vi) To play the duke. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. DUKE. ...
/d/duke.htm - 13k

Dukes (14 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:15 These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn
son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, (KJV WBS). ...
/d/dukes.htm - 10k

Aholibamah (7 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; duke Jeush, duke
Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter ...
/a/aholibamah.htm - 9k

Timnah (12 Occurrences)
... (2.) A city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:57)= Tibna near Jeba'. (3.) A
"duke" or sheik of Edom (Genesis 36:40). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. TIMNAH ...
/t/timnah.htm - 13k

Bashemath (6 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:17 And these are the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah,
duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the ...
/b/bashemath.htm - 10k

Descendants (326 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes, descendants
of Eliphaz, in the land of Edom: these were the sons of Adah. (WBS). ...
/d/descendants.htm - 35k

Jaalam (4 Occurrences)
... Genesis 36:18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; duke Jeush, duke
Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter ...
/j/jaalam.htm - 7k

Dug (45 Occurrences)

/d/dug.htm - 20k

Zephi (1 Occurrence)
... ZEPHI; ZEPHO. ze'-fi, ze'-fo (tsephi, perhaps "gaze," or "gazing," in 1 Chronicles
1:36; tspho, the same meaning in Genesis 36:11, 15): A duke of Edom. ...
/z/zephi.htm - 7k

Zepho (3 Occurrences)
... ZEPHI; ZEPHO. ze'-fi, ze'-fo (tsephi, perhaps "gaze," or "gazing," in 1 Chronicles
1:36; tspho, the same meaning in Genesis 36:11, 15): A duke of Edom. ...
/z/zepho.htm - 8k

Concordance
Duke (14 Occurrences)

Genesis 36:15
These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,
(Root in KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:16
Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.
(KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:17
And these are the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.
(KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:18
And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife.
(KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:29
These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah,
(Root in KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:30
Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.
(KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:40
And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,
(Root in KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:41
Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,
(KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:42
Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,
(KJV WBS)

Genesis 36:43
Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.
(KJV WBS)

1 Chronicles 1:51
Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth,
(Root in KJV WBS)

1 Chronicles 1:52
Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,
(KJV WBS)

1 Chronicles 1:53
Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,
(KJV WBS)

1 Chronicles 1:54
Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom.
(KJV WBS)

Subtopics

Duke

Duke of the Midianites

Duke: Title of the Princes of Edom

Related Terms

Dukes (14 Occurrences)

Aholibamah (7 Occurrences)

Timnah (12 Occurrences)

Bashemath (6 Occurrences)

Descendants (326 Occurrences)

Jaalam (4 Occurrences)

Dug (45 Occurrences)

Zephi (1 Occurrence)

Zepho (3 Occurrences)

Kenez

Kenaz (11 Occurrences)

Omar (3 Occurrences)

Lotan (5 Occurrences)

Lordship (12 Occurrences)

Lord (59401 Occurrences)

Grace (277 Occurrences)

Title (6 Occurrences)

Teman (12 Occurrences)

Elah (17 Occurrences)

Mibzar (2 Occurrences)

Mezahab (2 Occurrences)

Me-zahab (2 Occurrences)

Prince (160 Occurrences)

Alvah (2 Occurrences)

Shobal (9 Occurrences)

Governor (78 Occurrences)

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