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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

named a stranger; he is here a stranger

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(sword), son of Anath, judge of Israel. When Israel was in a most depressed condition, Shamgar was raised up to be a deliverer. With no arms in his hand but an ox-goad, (Judges 3:31) comp. 1Sam 13:21 He made a desperate assault upon the Philistines, and slew 600 of them. (B.C. about 1290.)

ATS Bible Dictionary

Son of Anath, the third judge of Israel, after Ehud and shortly before Barak, in a time of great insecurity and distress, Jud 3:31 5:6. Scripture only says he defended Israel, and killed six hundred Philistines with an ox-goad. See PLOUGH.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The Philistines from the maritime plain had made incursions into the Hebrew upland for the purposes of plunder, when one of this name, the son of Anath, otherwise unknown, headed a rising for the purpose of freeing the land from this oppression. He repelled the invasion, slaying 600 men with an "ox goad" (q.v.). The goad was a formidable sharpointed instrument, sometimes ten feet long. He was probably contemporary for a time with Deborah and Barak (Judges 3:31; 5:6).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

sham'-gar (shamgar):

1. Biblical Account:

One of the judges, son of Anath (`anath), in whose days, which preceded the time of Deborah (Judges 5:6, 7) and followed those of Ehud, Israel's subjugation was so complete that "the highways were unoccupied, and the travelers walked through byways." The government had become thoroughly disorganized, and apparently, as in the days of Deborah, the people were entirely unprepared for war. Shamgar's improvised weapon with which he helped to "save Israel" is spoken of as an oxgoad. With this he smote of the Philistines 600 men. This is the first mention of the Philistines as troublesome neighbors of the Israelites (Judges 3:31). According to a tradition represented in Josephus (Ant., V, iv, 3), Shamgar died in the year he became judge.

2. Critical Hypotheses:

Several writers have challenged the Biblical account on the following grounds: that in Judges 5 no mention is made of any deliverance; that the name "Shamgar" resembles the name of a Hittite king and the name "Anath" that of a Syrian goddess; that the deed recorded in Judges 3:31 is analogous to that of Samson (Judges 15:15), and that of Shammah, son of Agee (2 Samuel 23:11 f); and lastly, that in a group of Greek manuscripts and other versions this verse is inserted after the account of Samson's exploits. None of these is necessarily inconsistent with the traditional account. Neverthelesss, they have been used as a basis not only for overthrowing the tradition, but also for constructive theories such as that which makes Shamgar a foreign oppressor and not a judge, and even the father of Sisera. There is, of course, no limit to which this kind of interesting speculation cannot lead.

(For a complete account of these views see Moore, "Judges," in ICC, 1895, 104, and same author in Journal of the American Oriental Society, XIX, 2,159-60.)

Ella Davis Isaacs

Strong's Hebrew
8044. Shamgar -- an Israelite judge
... Shamgar. 8045 . an Israelite judge. Transliteration: Shamgar Phonetic Spelling:
(sham-gar') Short Definition: Shamgar. ... judge NASB Word Usage Shamgar (2). Shamgar ...
/hebrew/8044.htm - 5k

6067. Anath -- father of Shamgar
... 6066, 6067. Anath. 6068 . father of Shamgar. Transliteration: Anath
Phonetic Spelling: (an-awth') Short Definition: Anath. Word ...
/hebrew/6067.htm - 6k


Use what You Have.
... The old Hebrew farmer Shamgar had only a long ox-goad with which to prod his beasts
in the field. ... Shamgar's neighbors have taken to their heels. ...
// talks on service/use what you have.htm

... The story of Abimelech, eg (ix.), has no such preface or conclusion as these six
have; neither has the notice of Shamgar in iii.31; the preface is also lacking ...
// to the old testament/judges.htm

The Power of Little Things.
... This man was preaching one Sabbath morning on Shamgar. He said: "I can
imagine that ... and shouted: 'Shamgar! Shamgar! There are six ...
/.../moody/to the work to the work/chapter vi the power of.htm

Deborah's Song
... Men. In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, In the days of Jael, The highways
were unoccupied, And the travellers walked through byways; The rulers ceased in ...
/.../various/select masterpieces of biblical literature/iv deborahs song.htm

Use what You Have
... The Philistines had taken the Israelites' swords and spears, in fact, swept
the country bare of armor. Shamgar had not much to fight with. ...
// talks/talk thirty-eight use what you.htm

Women who Saved a Nation
... Israel's God. "In the days of Anath's son, Shamgar, In Jael's days the roads
were unused, And travellers walked through byways. Leaders ...
/.../ childrens bible/women who saved a nation.htm

August 12 Evening
... a man lefthanded. After him was Shamgar, . . . which slew of the Philistines
six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel. ...
/.../anonymous/daily light on the daily path/august 12 evening.htm

A Cloud of Witnesses.
... The Apostle does not name Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, and the rest. The Spirit of
the Lord came upon them also. They too were mighty through God. ...
/.../the expositors bible the epistle to the hebrews/chapter xiii a cloud of.htm

The Growth of the Old Testament Prophetic Histories
... In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, In the days of Jael, the highways ceased
to be used, And travellers walked by round-about paths. ...
/.../the origin and permanent value of the old testament/vi the growth of the.htm

The Lad's Loaves in the Lord's Hands
... to a point of distress as to his truth but what suddenly one came forward, a David
with a sling and a stone, or a Samson with a jawbone, or a Shamgar with an ox ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 37 1891/the lads loaves in the.htm

Shamgar (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. SHAMGAR. ...Shamgar's improvised weapon with
which he helped to "save Israel" is spoken of as an oxgoad. ...
/s/shamgar.htm - 9k

Anath (4 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary An answer; ie, to "prayer", the father of Shamgar,
who was one of the judges of Israel (Judges 3:31). Int. ...
/a/anath.htm - 8k

Goad (2 Occurrences)
... (Hebrews malmad, only in Judges 3: 31), an instrument used by ploughmen for guiding
their oxen. Shamgar slew six hundred Philistines with an ox-goad. ...
/g/goad.htm - 9k

Judges (117 Occurrences)
... 40 " II. Servitude under Eglon of Moab: " Ammon, Amalek 18 " 2. EHUD'S
deliverance, rest 80 " 3. SHAMGAR Unknown. " III. Servitude ...
/j/judges.htm - 81k

Unoccupied (4 Occurrences)
... Judges 5:6 "In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways
were unoccupied. The travelers walked through byways. (WEB KJV ASV WBS). ...
/u/unoccupied.htm - 7k

Ox-stick (1 Occurrence)
... Judges 3:31 And after him came Shamgar, the son of Anath, who put to death six hundred
Philistines with an ox-stick; and he was another saviour of Israel. ...
/o/ox-stick.htm - 6k

Ox (197 Occurrences)
... 14:5). Ox goad. Mentioned only in Judges 3:31, the weapon with which Shamgar
(qv) slew six hundred Philistines. "The ploughman still ...
/o/ox.htm - 43k

Ox-goad (2 Occurrences)
... Judges 3:31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, who smote of the Philistines
six hundred men with an ox-goad: and he also saved Israel. ...
/o/ox-goad.htm - 7k

Oxgoad (1 Occurrence)
... Judges 3:31 After him was Shamgar the son of Anath, who struck of the Philistines
six hundred men with an oxgoad: and he also saved Israel. ...
/o/oxgoad.htm - 6k

Ja'el (6 Occurrences)
... (DBY RSV). Judges 5:6 "In the days of Shamgar, son of Anath, in the days of
Ja'el, caravans ceased and travelers kept to the byways. (DBY RSV). ...
/j/ja'el.htm - 8k

Who was Shamgar? |

Why were the Philistines and the Israelites always at war? |

Questions about Judges |

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