1 Chronicles 18:2
New International Version
David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.

New Living Translation
David also conquered the land of Moab, and the Moabites who were spared became David’s subjects and paid him tribute money.

English Standard Version
And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David and brought tribute.

Berean Study Bible
David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to David and brought him tribute.

King James Bible
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.

New King James Version
Then he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought tribute.

New American Standard Bible
And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.

NASB 1995
He defeated Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.

NASB 1977
And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.

Amplified Bible
He defeated Moab, and the Moabites became David’s servants and brought tribute (gifts).

Christian Standard Bible
He also defeated the Moabites, and they became David’s subjects and brought tribute.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He also defeated the Moabites, and they became David’s subjects and brought tribute.

American Standard Version
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought tribute.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he put the sword to the Moabites, and the Moabites became Servants, the Tax Collectors.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and tributaries.

Contemporary English Version
David also defeated the Moabites, and so they had to accept him as their ruler and pay taxes to him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites were made David's servants, and brought him gifts.

English Revised Version
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought presents.

Good News Translation
He also defeated the Moabites, who became his subjects and paid taxes to him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He also defeated Moab, and the Moabites became David's subjects and paid taxes [to him].

International Standard Version
He also conquered Moab, placing them in servitude and making them pay tribute.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought presents.

Literal Standard Version
and he strikes Moab, and the Moabites are servants to David, bringing a present.

NET Bible
He defeated the Moabites; the Moabites became David's subjects and brought tribute.

New Heart English Bible
He struck Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought tribute.

World English Bible
He struck Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought tribute.

Young's Literal Translation
and he smiteth Moab, and the Moabites are servants to David, bringing a present.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Triumphs
1Some time later, David defeated the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its villages from the hand of the Philistines. 2David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to David and brought him tribute. 3As far as Hamath, David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, who had marched out to establish his dominion along the Euphrates River.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 18:1
Some time later, David defeated the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its villages from the hand of the Philistines.

1 Chronicles 18:3
As far as Hamath, David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, who had marched out to establish his dominion along the Euphrates River.


Treasury of Scripture

And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.

He smote

Numbers 24:17
I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.

Judges 3:29,30
And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man…

2 Samuel 8:2
And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.

brought gifts

1 Samuel 10:27
But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents. But he held his peace.

1 Kings 10:2,25
And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart…

2 Kings 3:4,5
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool…









(2) Much abridged, as compared with Samuel. After the words "he smote Moab," we read there of a partial massacre of the conquered. The emission is scarcely due to any unfair bias on the part of the chronicler. Indeed, as a Jew, possessed with all the national exclusiveness and hatred of the aliens who always misunderstood and sometimes cruelly oppressed his people, he was not likely to regard the slaughter of captive Moabites from a modern point of view. (Comp. Ezra 6:21; Ezra 6:9-10; Nehemiah 2:19; Nehemiah 2:4; Nehemiah 2:6; Nehemiah 2:13) Besides, he has related the cruel treatment of the Ammonite prisoners (1Chronicles 20:3). (See the prophecy, Numbers 24:17.) . . . Verse 2. - Brought gifts; i.e. in the light of tribute and of acknowledgment of subjection. There are curious additions to this passage in the parallel place, telling the punishment inflicted on Moab: "He smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground [i.e. causing them to lie prostrate]; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive." This appears to mean that he put to death two parts of them, and kept the third part alive. The reason of this deliberate and severe punishment is not stated. Once David and the Moabites had been on very different terms (1 Samuel 22:3, 4; but see also Psalm 60:8).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
[David] also defeated
וַיַּ֖ךְ (way·yaḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

the Moabites,
מוֹאָ֑ב (mō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4124: Moab -- a son of Lot,also his descendants and the territory where they settled

and they
מוֹאָב֙ (mō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4124: Moab -- a son of Lot,also his descendants and the territory where they settled

became
וַיִּהְי֤וּ (way·yih·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

subject
עֲבָדִ֣ים (‘ă·ḇā·ḏîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

to David
לְדָוִ֔יד (lə·ḏā·wîḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

and brought him
נֹשְׂאֵ֖י (nō·śə·’ê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 5375: To lift, carry, take

tribute.
מִנְחָֽה׃ (min·ḥāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4503: A donation, tribute, a sacrificial offering


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 18:2 He struck Moab (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 18:1
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