2 Kings 17:3
New International Version
Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up to attack Hoshea, who had been Shalmaneser's vassal and had paid him tribute.

New Living Translation
King Shalmaneser of Assyria attacked King Hoshea, so Hoshea was forced to pay heavy tribute to Assyria.

English Standard Version
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria. And Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute.

Berean Study Bible
Shalmaneser king of Assyria attacked him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute.

New American Standard Bible
Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him, and Hoshea became his servant and paid him tribute.

King James Bible
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.

Christian Standard Bible
King Shalmaneser of Assyria attacked him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute.

Contemporary English Version
During Hoshea's rule, King Shalmaneser of Assyria invaded Israel; he took control of the country and made Hoshea pay taxes.

Good News Translation
Emperor Shalmaneser of Assyria made war against him; Hoshea surrendered to Shalmaneser and paid him tribute every year.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Shalmaneser king of Assyria attacked him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute money.

International Standard Version
King Shalmaneser of Assyria attacked him, and Hoshea became his servant and paid tribute to him.

NET Bible
King Shalmaneser of Assyria threatened him; Hoshea became his subject and paid him tribute.

New Heart English Bible
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him tribute.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King Shalmaneser of Assyria defeated Hoshea, who became his servant and was required to make annual payments to him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him presents.

New American Standard 1977
Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him, and Hoshea became his servant and paid him tribute.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Against him came up Shalmaneser, king of Assyria; and Hosea became his slave and gave him presents.

King James 2000 Bible
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.

American King James Version
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.

American Standard Version
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him tribute.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Against him came up Salamanassar king of the Assyrians; and Osee became his servant, and rendered him tribute.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Against him came up Salmanasar king of the Assyrians, and Osee became his servant, and paid him tribute.

Darby Bible Translation
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria, and Hoshea became his servant, and tendered him presents.

English Revised Version
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him presents.

Webster's Bible Translation
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.

World English Bible
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him tribute.

Young's Literal Translation
against him came up Shalmaneser king of Asshur, and Hoshea is to him a servant, and doth render to him a present.
Study Bible
Hoshea the Last King of Israel
2And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, but not like the kings of Israel who preceded him. 3Shalmaneser king of Assyria attacked him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute. 4But the king of Assyria discovered that Hoshea had conspired to send envoys to King So of Egypt, and that he had not paid tribute to the king of Assyria as in previous years. Therefore the king of Assyria arrested Hoshea and put him in prison.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 8:2
David also defeated the Moabites, made them lie down on the ground, and he measured them off with a cord. He measured off with two lengths those to be put to death, and with one length those to be spared. So the Moabites became subject to David and brought him tribute.

2 Kings 17:2
And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, but not like the kings of Israel who preceded him.

2 Kings 17:4
But the king of Assyria discovered that Hoshea had conspired to send envoys to King So of Egypt, and that he had not paid tribute to the king of Assyria as in previous years. Therefore the king of Assyria arrested Hoshea and put him in prison.

2 Kings 18:9
In the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, which was the seventh year of the reign of Hoshea son of Elah over Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria marched against Samaria and besieged it.

Nehemiah 9:32
So now, our God, the great and mighty and awesome God who keeps His gracious covenant, do not view lightly all the hardships that has come upon us, and upon our kings and leaders, our priests and prophets, our ancestors and all Your people, from the days of the kings of Assyria until today.

Ezekiel 23:5
Oholah prostituted herself while she was still Mine. She lusted after her lovers, the Assyrians--warriors

Hosea 10:4
They speak mere words; with false oaths they make covenants. So judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.

Hosea 10:14
the roar of battle will rise against your people, so that all your fortresses will be demolished as Shalman devastated Beth-arbel in the day of battle, when mothers were dashed to pieces along with their children.

Treasury of Scripture

Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.

2 Kings 18:9
And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.

Hosea 10:14
Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces upon her children.

Shalman

2 Kings 15:19,29
And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand…

2 Kings 16:7
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

2 Kings 18:13
Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them.

and Hoshea

2 Kings 16:8
And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.

2 Kings 18:14-16,31
And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold…

gave [heb] rendered

2 Samuel 8:2,6
And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts…







Lexicon
Shalmaneser
שַׁלְמַנְאֶ֖סֶר (šal·man·’e·ser)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8022: Shalmaneser -- a king of Assyr

king
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Assyria
אַשּׁ֑וּר (’aš·šūr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 804: Ashshur

attacked
עָלָ֣יו (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

him,
עָלָ֔ה (‘ā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

and Hoshea
הוֹשֵׁ֙עַ֙ (hō·wō·šê·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1954: Hoshea -- 'salvation', the name of several Israelites

became
וַֽיְהִי־ (way·hî-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

his vassal
עֶ֔בֶד (‘e·ḇeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

and paid
וַיָּ֥שֶׁב (way·yā·šeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

him tribute.
מִנְחָֽה׃ (min·ḥāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4503: A donation, tribute, a sacrificial offering
(3) Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria.--Shalmaneser IV. (Shalmanu-ushshir, "Shalman be gracious!"), the successor of Tiglath Pileser II., and predecessor of Sargon, reigned 727-722 B.C. No annals of his reign have come down to us in the cuneiform inscriptions, but a fragment of the Eponyra-list notes foreign expeditions for the three successive years 725-723 B.C. This agrees with what Menander states (Josephus, Ant. ix. 14, 2), according to whom Shalmaneser made an expedition against Tyre (and no doubt Israel, as the ally of Tyre), which lasted five years--i.e., was continued beyond Shalmaneser's reign into that of Sargon. Nothing is known of the death of Shalmaneser.

Verse 3. - Against him came up Shal-maneser King of Assyria. Shalmaneser's succession to Tiglath-pileser on the throne of Assyria, once doubted, is now rendered certain by the Eponym Canon, which makes him ascend the throne in B.C. 727, and cease to reign in B.C. 722. It is uncertain whether he was Tiglath-pileser's son or a usurper. The name, Shalmaneser (Sali-manu-uzur) was an old royal name in Assyria, and signified "Shalman protects" (compare the names Nabu-kudur-uzur, Nergal-asar-uzur, Nabu-pal-uzur, etc.). And Hoshea became his servant. Hoshea had been placed on the throne by Tiglath-pileser ('Eponym Canon,' pp. 123, 124, lines 17,18), and had paid him tribute (ibid., lines 18, 19). We must suppose that on Tiglath-pileser's death, in B.C. 727, he had revolted, and resumed his independence. Shalmaneser. having become king, probably came up against Hoshea in the same year, and forced him to resume his position of Assyrian tributary. This may have been the time when "Shalman spoiled Beth-Arbel in the day of battle" (Dos. 10:14), defeating Hoshea near that place (Arbela, now Irbid, in Galilee), and taking it. And gave him presents; or, rendered him tribute, as in the margin of the Authorized Version. 17:1-6 When the measure of sin is filled up, the Lord will forbear no longer. The inhabitants of Samaria must have endured great affliction. Some of the poor Israelites were left in the land. Those who were carried captives to a great distance, were mostly lost among the nations.
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OT History: 2 Kings 17:3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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