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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

peace; tied; chained; perfection; retribution

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(fire-worshipper) was the Assyrian king who reigned probably between Tiglath-Pileser and Sargon, B.C. 727-722. He led the forces of Assyria into Palestine, where Hoshea, the last king of Israel, had revolted against his authority. (2 Kings 17:3) Hoshea submitted and consented to pay tribute; but he soon after concluded all alliance with the king of Egypt, and withheld his tribute in consequence. In B.C. 723 Shalmaneser invaded Palestine for the second time, and, as Hoshea refused to submit, laid siege to Samaria. The siege lasted to the third year, B.C. 721, when the Assyrian arms prevailed. (2 Kings 17:4-6; 18:9-11) It is uncertain whether Shalmaneser conducted the siege to its close, or whether he did not lose his crown to Sargon before the city was taken.

ATS Bible Dictionary

King of Assyria between Tiglath-pileser and Sennacherib. He ascended the throne about B. C. 728, and reigned fourteen years. Scripture reports that he came into Palestine, subdued Samaria, and obliged Hoshea to pay him tribute; but in the third year, being weary of this exaction, Hoshea combined secretly with So, King of Egypt to remove the subjection. Shalmaneser brought an army against him, ravaged Samaria, besieged Hoshea in his capital, and notwithstanding his long resistance of three years, 2 Kings 17:1-40; 18:9-12, he took the city and dismantled it, put Hoshea into bonds, and dismantled it, put Hoshea into bonds, and carried away most of the people beyond the Euphrates. He thus ruined the kingdom of Samaria, which had subsisted two hundred and fifty-four years, from B. C. 975 to 721. The bas- relief copied in the next page was found on a fine Assyrian obelisk of black marble, six and a half feet high, and covered on all sides with inscriptions. It was discovered in the ruins of the northwest palace at Nimroud, and is believed from various evidences to represent Shalmaneser receiving tribute from the Jews subdued by his arms. Hezekiah king of Judah successfully resisted him, 2 Kings 18:7: but he appears to have ravaged Moab, Isaiah 10:9,15,16,23; and is said in Josephus to have conquered Phoenicia, with the exception of insular Tyre, which he besieged in vain for five years.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

shal-ma-ne'-zer (shalman'ecer; Septuagint Samennasar, Salmandsar): The name of several Assyrian kings. See ASSYRIA; CAPTIVITY. It is Shalmaneser IV who is mentioned in the Biblical history (2 Kings 17:3; 2 Kings 18:9). He succeeded Tiglathpileser on the throne in 727 B.C., but whether he was a son of his predecessor, or a usurper, is not apparent. His reign was short, and, as no annals of it have come to light, we have only the accounts contained in 2 Kings for his history. In the passages referred to above, we learn that Hoshea, king of Israel, who had become his vassal, refused to continue the payment of tribute, relying upon help from So, king of Egypt. No help, however, came from Egypt, and Hoshea had to face the chastising forces of his suzerain with his own unaided resources, the result being that he was taken prisoner outside Samaria and most likely carried away to Nineveh. The Biblical narrative goes on to say that the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria and besieged it 3 years. There is reason to believe that, as the siege of Samaria was proceeding, Shalmaneser retired to Nineveh and died, for, when the city was taken in 722 B.C., it is Sargon who claims, in his copious annals, to have captured it and carried its inhabitants into captivity. It is just possible that Shalman (Hosea 10:14) is a contraction for Shalmaneser, but the identity of Shalman and of Beth-arbel named in the same passage is not sufficiently made out.


Schrader, COT, I, 258;; McCurdy, HPM, I, 387;.

T. Nicol

Strong's Hebrew
8022. Shalmaneser -- a king of Assyr.
... 8021, 8022. Shalmaneser. 8023 . a king of Assyr. Transliteration: Shalmaneser
Phonetic Spelling: (shal-man-eh'-ser) Short Definition: Shalmaneser. ...
/hebrew/8022.htm - 6k

How Shalmaneser Took Samaria by Force and How He Transplanted the ...
... How Shalmaneser Took Samaria By Force And How He Transplanted The Ten Tribes Into
Media, And Brought The Nation Of The Cutheans Into Their Country [In Their ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 14 how shalmaneser took.htm

How Pekah Died by the Treachery of Hoshea who was a Little after ...
... How Pekah Died By The Treachery Of Hoshea Who Was A Little After Subdued By Shalmaneser;
And How Hezekiah Reigned Instead Of Ahaz; And What Actions Of Piety ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 13 how pekah died.htm

History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 7
ASSUR-NAZIR-PAL (885-860 BC) AND SHALMANESER III. ... Shalmaneser III. ...
/.../history of egypt chaldaea syria babylonia and assyria v 7/title page.htm

The Christian View of the Old Testament
... Sargon II, 136. Science, 38 ff. Sennacherib, 137 ff. Shalmaneser III, 132 f.
Shalmaneser V, 136. Sheol, 184 ff. Shishak, 129 f. Similarities, 220. ...
/.../eiselen/the christian view of the old testament/index 2.htm

... Hoshea offended Shalmaneser, who had succeeded Tiglath Pileser, by making friends
with So, King of Egypt, and the Assyrian army came down upon Israel in the ...
// chosen people/lesson ix nineveh.htm

... Yukin-zera or Khinziros, 3 years 730 Pulu (Pul or Poros), called Tiglath-pileser
III. in Assyria, 2 years 727 Ulula, called Shalmaneser IV. in Assyria 725. ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/appendices.htm

The Prophet Hosea.
... earlier period. For in chap. x.14, an expedition of Shalman or Shalmaneser
against the kingdom of Israel (Vitringa, Proleg. in Is. p ...
/.../hengstenberg/christology of the old testament/the prophet hosea.htm

Babylonia and Assyria
... Calah, now Nimrud, was founded about BC1300 by Shalmaneser I., and his son and
successor Tiglath-Ninip threw off all disguise and marched boldly into Babylonia ...
/.../early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter vi babylonia and assyria.htm

The Antiquities of the Jews
... How Pekah Died By The Treachery Of Hoshea Who Was A Little After Subdued By Shalmaneser;
And How Hezekiah Reigned Instead Of Ahaz; And What Actions Of Piety ...
// antiquities of the jews/

The Woman of Samaria
... And it came to pass in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year
of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser, king of Assyria ...
/.../kingsley/town and country sermons/sermon xxvi the woman of.htm

Shalmaneser (3 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia SHALMANESER. shal-ma-ne'-zer (shalman'ecer; Septuagint
Samennasar, Salmandsar): The name of several Assyrian kings. ...
/s/shalmaneser.htm - 9k

Shalmaneser's (1 Occurrence)
...Shalmaneser's (1 Occurrence). 2 Kings 17:3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king
of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him presents. (See NIV). ...
/s/shalmaneser's.htm - 6k

Shalman (1 Occurrence)
... An Assyrian king (Hosea 10:14), identified with Shalmaneser II. (Sayce) or IV. ... A
revolution meantime had broken out in Assyria, and Shalmaneser was deposed. ...
/s/shalman.htm - 9k

So (23977 Occurrences)
... He was bribed by Hoshea to help him against the Assyrian monarch Shalmaneser (2
Kings 17:4). This was a return to the policy that had been successful in the ...
/s/so.htm - 9k

Captivity (141 Occurrences)
... 738), carried away the trans-Jordanic tribes and the inhabitants of Galilee into
Assyria (2 Kings 15:29; Isaiah 9:1). Subsequently Shalmaneser invaded Israel ...
/c/captivity.htm - 79k

Armenia (2 Occurrences)
... Under Shalmaneser II (860-825 BC) and afterward for centuries wars continued. ...
Shalmaneser II tells of the wickerwork coracles on Lake Van. ...
/a/armenia.htm - 21k

Shalmane'ser (2 Occurrences)
Shalmane'ser. Shalmaneser, Shalmane'ser. Shalmaneser's . Multi-Version
Concordance Shalmane'ser (2 Occurrences). 2 Kings 17:3 Against ...
/s/shalmane'ser.htm - 7k

Benhadad (24 Occurrences)
... From the monolith inscription of Shalmaneser II we learn that this Assyrian king
in the 6th year of his reign (854 BC) had crossed the Tigris and made his way ...
/b/benhadad.htm - 28k

Ahab (85 Occurrences)
... enemy, the king of Assyria, in the battle at Karkar on the Orontes in the year 854,
as is proved by the inscription on the monolith of Shalmaneser II, king of ...
/a/ahab.htm - 52k

... the other. Tobit had, with his brethren of the tribe of Naphtali, been
taken captive by Enemessar (= Shalmaneser). remaining in ...
/t/tobit.htm - 34k

When and how was Israel conquered by the Assyrians? |

Who was King Hoshea in the Bible? |

Who was King Pekah in the Bible? |

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Shalmaneser (3 Occurrences)

2 Kings 17:3
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him tribute.

2 Kings 17:4
The king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
(See NIV)

2 Kings 18:9
It happened in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.



Shalmaneser: Overthrows the Kingdom of Israel

Related Terms

Shalmaneser's (1 Occurrence)

Shalman (1 Occurrence)

So (23977 Occurrences)

Captivity (141 Occurrences)

Armenia (2 Occurrences)

Shalmane'ser (2 Occurrences)

Benhadad (24 Occurrences)

Ahab (85 Occurrences)


Jehu (63 Occurrences)

Anaharath (1 Occurrence)

Hazael (23 Occurrences)

Tartak (1 Occurrence)

Tiglath (3 Occurrences)


Pileser (3 Occurrences)

Pethor (2 Occurrences)

Beth-arbel (1 Occurrence)

Betharbel (1 Occurrence)

Carchemish (3 Occurrences)

Chaldeans (82 Occurrences)

Sargon (1 Occurrence)

Tyre (59 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Asshur (133 Occurrences)

Omri (16 Occurrences)

Chaldea (8 Occurrences)

Kingdom (409 Occurrences)

Hittites (39 Occurrences)

Isaiah (64 Occurrences)

Hoshea (13 Occurrences)

Siege (63 Occurrences)

Samaria (123 Occurrences)

Hoshe'a (11 Occurrences)

Vassal (4 Occurrences)

Zarephath (4 Occurrences)

Karkor (1 Occurrence)

Uz (8 Occurrences)

Jehoahaz (22 Occurrences)

Jareb (2 Occurrences)

Tendered (1 Occurrence)

Tiglathpileser (3 Occurrences)

Tubal (9 Occurrences)

Tiglath-pileser (6 Occurrences)

Exile (101 Occurrences)

Enchantment (4 Occurrences)

Dispersion (4 Occurrences)

Dathan (8 Occurrences)

Medes (15 Occurrences)

Merodach-baladan (2 Occurrences)

Merodachbaladan (1 Occurrence)

Prisoner (87 Occurrences)

Presents (38 Occurrences)

Besieged (34 Occurrences)

Baladan (2 Occurrences)

Calf (39 Occurrences)

Calah (2 Occurrences)

Cuthah (2 Occurrences)


Ammonites (97 Occurrences)

Arvad (2 Occurrences)

Arvadites (1 Occurrence)

Ammon (100 Occurrences)

Anammelech (1 Occurrence)

Sepharvaim (6 Occurrences)


Syrians (63 Occurrences)

Succoth-benoth (1 Occurrence)

Shalt (7998 Occurrences)

Senir (4 Occurrences)

Succothbenoth (1 Occurrence)

Hadad (38 Occurrences)

Hezeki'ah (120 Occurrences)

Joram (26 Occurrences)

Shutting (43 Occurrences)

Ararat (4 Occurrences)

Tarsus (5 Occurrences)

Assur (2 Occurrences)


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